Inter-office dating

Insurance For Beginners

2020.12.02 16:01 nejofot Insurance For Beginners

INTRODUCTION
Welcome to the global business guide. In this context, we will be taking about the insurance industry, the general definition of insurance, adequate and precise explanation of the definition, brief talk about the history, the insurer, the insured, classes of insurance, the role of the underwriter in the industry and how you as an individual can benefit maximally when you get yourself, your car, your house, even that your business insure. We do hope you will enjoy reading this article and the essence of your quest for the topic above will be met.
Insurance is a financial institution classified as a non bank financial institution. They are important financial inter-mi diaries. It is believed to have originated from the ancient practices of inhabitants of the valleys of rivers Tigris and Euphrates in the present day Iraqi in about 4.000BC. History has it that in 1800BC, the Babylonians code of Hammurabi contained provisions which had elements of insurance in the laws that govern their commerce. But today what we have in the industry, both locally and internationally had moved from just an agreement between two persons into a very big industry across the globe.
Going by definition, we learn that insurance means a situation whereby someone protects his or herself against risk and reduce effects of uncertainties as well as distribute loss. Other explanation to this owe it to the situation whereby a certain amount of money when collected from someone by an insurance company agrees to pay a compensation or render services to that person if and whenever that person suffers the kind of loss specified in the insurance agreement; and from the explanation, this is where an insurance company comes into play since they are the people that will go into agreement with the person taking any insurance policy against any of his belongings. This industry has widely been believed as a means whereby people reduce the risk of unforeseen circumstances. As financial intermediaries, they act as middlemen between the surplus units and deficit units of the economy thereby sustaining the general growth of the economy.
One may ask, how do insurance companies generate the money used in compensating their policy holder when affected by any mishap? The answer to this question, will lead us into talking about the various means via which the insurance companies make their money and how their policy holders are compensated. The truth is that, the money they collect from their policy holder (i.e one that has an agreement with the insurance company) is invested in the form of premiums (an extra sum of money paid in addition to the normal cost of something. by BBC. Eng. dict) and that money is invested in Bonds, in stocks, mortgages (i.e house) and government securities (in our subsequent article, we will explain more of this: Bonds, stocks, mortgages and govt. securities). They generate income for themselves and those who are in their service. They invest their policy holder's money in better business that has short term maximum returns on investment and from there meet their numerous needs when needed in claims and losses. These funds themselves are invested, that not only do they earn interest to be added to the funds, but they also benefit the government, public authorities, and industries whose securities the investment are spread, because of the investment policy of the insurer (we will explain later), their reserve funds are not left idle butt are used productively.
Another way via which the insurance companies compensate those who are in their service is that the contribution of many is used to compensate the few among them who were affected by the misfortune insured against. So the loss of few people is share by many.
We hope that to this extend, you must have understood the above explanation about insurance company. Now the next thing we will be considering is the functions of the insurance companies.
Amongst other functions, the main function of the insurance company is risk bearing, the financial losses of individuals are judiciously distributed among many people, for example, in the case of fire, the policy holder in fire insurance pays a premium into a common pool, out of which those who suffer loss are compensated.
FUNCTIONS INCLUDE
  1. The insurance industry encourages thrift (i.e money conservation) especially via it's life policies which provide funds for family, welfare and old age provisions. It provides employment opportunity for those that have the interest of working with the industry.
The insurance companies works hand in hand with commerce. It owes it's existence to commerce (i.e business in general both industrial etc) and commerce in return owes it's strong stability to insurance, this is because it helped in various ways to enhance the general trend in business.
Before we proceed further to other functions, let's explain this two terms: the insurer; the insured as it will aid us in our understanding.
The insured: This is the party affecting the insurance in other words, the individual or individuals which is taking the insurance policy. This can be done either directly or indirectly or via an agent or broker.
The insurer: This is the party providing the protection to cover by the policy. The insurer covers every other terms which includes the underwriter who is a senior official of an insurance company whose business lies in undertaking new business for the company.
The insurance company has a contract which promises to pay compensation at a future date for a consideration known as premium (i.e. the money paid by the insured to the insurer for the insurance cover provided in the policy). Like the way we have it in other contracts, i.e having it that contracts is based on the principles of offer and acceptance, consideration and capacity to contract. These contract, especially in insurance involves two parties i.e. the insurer and the insured.
FUNCTIONS 2
Insurer, by reason of their principal function accumulate large funds which they hold as custodians and out of which claims and losses are met. Like in some countries, their insurers operate in many parts of the world and earn vast sums in overseas market in terms of underwriting profit and investment income. This tells us that insurance forms a considerable part of that country's invisible exports.
As we continue in our functions, let's see the role of the insured and the insurer.
ROLES OF THE INSURED:
In insurance, when the proposer becomes insured the party effecting an insurance is known as the proposer throughout the negotiations, and until the contract is in full force. The insurer plays a vital role in making this aforementioned contract to come into force, knowing that in insurance contract, just like we said before is base on the principle of offer and acceptance, consideration and capacity to contract, the contracts are always evidenced in writing which is made up of various forms to be filled and signed. If the insured does not accept the insurance offer and giving meticulous consideration to that, there can hardly be capacity to contract i.e the insurance contract can never be. So, from this, we now learn that this two parties (i.e the insurer and the insured) must be involved before an insurance contract can becomes a policy.
ROLES OF THE INSURER
Here we are considering the roles of the insurer as a subsidiary functions of insurance; this is because in general sense (they have a very wide range of function), the insurer is the one providing the necessary insurance services, benefits to the insured, should any mishap, depending on the insurance policy undertaken. The insurer helps also in loss-prevention in the following ways:
We know that the extend to which loss prevention is seen, is mostly on property. An individual or a population can suffer great loss materially, if it were not for the intervention of loss prevention scheme by insurance companies to their policy holders.
The insurer also assists in boasting business venture: Many large -scale enterprise today can make their business in good faith, having transferred all their risk to the insurance company, in other words. The insurance companies help to maintain and to stabilize the atmosphere of the present day large-scale business and organizations.
Many questions had risen by on onlookers, as on how the policy holder can be compesated, should there be any mishap on the policy covered. It is better for us to note that the insurance company, when a loss is incurred to the policy holder can make for his or her loss, but that can only compensate him and make him return to his normal financial position before the occurrence of the incidence and not to profit him from the misfortune. This is generally because, no amount of financial compensation can pay adequately for the life and health of persons, so life and personal accidents are regarded as benefit policies. So let there be no misconception on this fact when mishap occurs, where the public is looking for the victim to be given everything lost, and having a meager compensation given to him or her. So let's not distrust insurance companies in this area, knowing that it's only the restoration to the exact position before the loss that is provided.
Now, as we have gone so far in understanding the functions of the insurance companies, the roles of the insured and the insurer, we will be proceeding forward to look at the various ways via which one can benefit from being insured in all spheres of life. For those who against all odds, accept insurance policy adequately, benefits, awaits them in areas like
  1. pecuniary insurance
  2. personal insurance
  3. property insurance
  4. liability insurance
We will take our time to give you enough explanation in all the sub-sections of these areas that will be of help to you.
  1. PECUNIARY INSURANCE: This has to do with money or relating to something of such nature. This insurance policy benefits mostly company owners, directors, managers e.t.c This insurance policy provides cover to the employer against the loss of money unintentionally, or in a situation where an employee defrauds his or her employer on certain amount of money placed under his or her custody or in things relating to other occurrence/loss. Other policies under pecuniary insurance are; fidelity guarantee (known also as surety ship), legal expenses, credit insurance and business interruption insurance. All of these have their various function which in one way or the other relates to pecuniary. Like earlier stated, pecuniary insurance provides cover for C.E.O., M.D'S etc in case of loss of money either by intent or accident placed under the care of their employee or any officer of higher responsibility. These type of insurance cover, which their employee has will help to compensate them (i.e the employer's) and also ease the employee the fear and tension which the mishap might generate for him or her. It is therefore advisable you consider this policy very well as an MD, C.E.O. etc, especially with the assistance of your insurance broker so as to adequately know, and be directed properly on how to go about it.
  2. PERSONAL INSURANCE
This involves all classes of life assurance and also accident policies. There are other types of person insurance, and the purpose of each is to meet the different need of individuals in their aim to provide for the future either for themselves or for their dependents. Other sub-divisions of personal insurance are:
i. Life assurance
ii. Personal accident and sickness insurance,
iii. Permanent health insurance,
iv. Social security
These sub-divisions has various similarities which come out at the end to meet the same aim, like in life assurance, personal accident and sickness insurance, this policy ensures that the policy holder when befallen by any misfortune, which resulted into permanent disability or death will still be able to fend for his or herself and also for his or her dependants in the case of death.
  1. PROPERTY INSURANCE
Property insurance policy involves insurance cover for property should any risk of damage or loss by fire, accident, burglary or other risks that may occur. Under this, there are other sub-divisions which include:
i. Motor Insurance
ii. Marine Insurance
iii. Fire Insurance
iv. Burglary Insurance
v. Special peril Insurance
vi. All risk Insurance
In all these sub-divisions of property insurance, respective insurance cover is given to them all should there be any damage or loss relating to the type of policy the holder has.
  1. LIABILITY INSURANCE
This provides cover for the insured against his legal liability to others. This can arise via negligence of the insured in failing to act in a reasonable manner. Such manners like crossing the road without properly looking on both side of the road which might result in accident. This may also arise via the insured's unlawful disturbance of another person in the enjoyment of his or property (i.e constituting a nuisance to them) or via the insured's trespass which is an unlawful act committed with force or violent on another person's property. Liability insurance is also sub-divided into employer's liability to his employee and public liability by the insured. The two sub-divisions of liability insurance owe their explanation to their respective liabilities, and since liability generally arises from lawsuits, liability policy covers only claims which the insured becomes legally obligated to.
We should also bear in mind that no insurance policy can prevent theft, fire, or other misfortune or the creation of legal liability, but can provide financial assistance in such situations. It does not also protect for example, the material property which is the subject matter of the insurance, but the financial interest of the insurer. This mean that the insurer can only get a financial compensation when any mishap happens to any thing insured against and not having the property restored back in case of fire or collapse (for building).
CONCLUSION
In all, we do hope that all these explanation will give you a better insight towards getting what you want on the good step to take while taking your insurance policy. But, always make sure that you don't do anything without first of all consulting your insurance broker ( who will take more time to tell you one-on-one the policy that will be suitable for you) before going to any insurance company knowing already that the cost of insurance is less than what would be the cost of insurance because the cost of insurance to industrialist for e.g is passed on to consumers along with other product cost and the consumers benefits from the existence of insurance via reduced prices. So make sure you get insured today. Till I see you again. Thank you.
submitted by nejofot to InsuranceGoneRight [link] [comments]


2020.12.01 15:40 eurekae Each national team's youngest player: Where are they now?

I decided to research who the youngest debutant was for each of the top 50-ranked FIFA teams in the world. My research may not be the best so if you see any errors feel free to point them out, I'lll fix them! If there’s any nation that isn’t on this list who you want to know who the youngest debutant is, just ask.

Belgium

Fernand Nisot, 1911 - 16y, 19d vs. France (14 caps)
Since Nisot made his debut such a long time ago, it’s hard for me to find much information about him. He did win a gold medal with Belgium for football at 1920 Olympic Games held in Antwerp. In terms of club football, he played for R. Léopold Club, now known as Léopold FC. According to Transfermarkt, he took a ‘career break’ from 1914 to 1919 so it is entirely possible he was involved in World War I. He appeared 14 times for Belgium and scored 10 goals for them.

France

Julien Verbrugghe, 1906 - 16y, 306d vs. England Amateurs (4 caps)
On Verbrugghe’s debut, France lost 15-0 to England. And this isn’t even France’s biggest defeat. That came in 1908 when they lost 17-1 to Denmark. Needless to say, France’s national team was on a much ower level than it was today. Verbrugghe played for AS Française and Red Star (the Paris one, not the Belgrade one). Verbrugghe was joined the 43rd Infantry Regiment of the French Army and was unfortunately killed at the Battle of the Somme on August 21, 1916. He was only 26 years old.

Brazil

Pelé, 1957 - 16y, 254d vs. Argentina (92 caps)
Hopefully we have all heard of Pelé and know of his massive reputation so I don’t think I need to go too in-depth. He made his debut for Brazil in a 2-1 loss vs. Argentina. He is Brazil’s leading goalscorer, and won 3 World Cups. He is the youngest player to play in a World Cup Final vs. Sweden in 1958, which he also scored in. In terms of club career, he only played for 2 clubs: Santos and New York Cosmos. He holds many, many more records that I don’t have the time to list here, but as we all know, he is pretty much considered the best ever.

England

Theo Walcott, 2006 - 17y, 75d vs. Hungary (47 caps)
The first player on this list that’s still playing competitive football. Walcott is still at the fresh young age of 31 and playing for Southampton, on loan from Everton. He spent most of his career at Arsenal, being an important player during his 12 years under Wenger. He started at the Swindon Town Academy where he was picked up by Southampton and then later sold to Arsenal in 2006, the same year as his international debut. However, he has not appeared for England since 2016, during a 2-2 draw here he was subbed on for an injured Lallana (of course). His best performance came when he scored a hat-trick against Croatia in 2008.

Portugal

José Gralha, 1921 - 16y, 276d vs. Spain (1 cap)
Again, it’s difficult for me to find much about this player. I do know that he played for Casa Pia at club level, and was a forward. That's about it.

Spain

Ángel Zubieta, 1936 - 17y, 283d vs. Czechoslovakia (2 caps)
Ángel Zubieta’s record-setting appearance for Spain was one of only 2 appearances he made for the Spanish national team. A year later, he declared for the Basque national team and was capped 34 times for them. His playing career was disrupted by the Spanish Civil War and there was a solid 2 years after he left Bilbao that he had no club to play for - only the Basque national team. The Basque national team went on a tour of Central and South America until FIFA declared that the Basque team could no longer play any more FIFA-affiliated national teams due to Spanish Civil War conflicts. So, all the Basque players formed a Mexican club called C.D. Euzkadi, which played in the Mexican Primera Fuerza league for one season. While the club eventually disbanded, since all the players on the club were professionals, the creation of the club led to the professionalization of football in Mexico (Mexico had previously only had amateur clubs). Zubieta joined Argentine side San Lorenzo in 1939, which he played for for 13 years. He eventually returned to Spain where he spent the last 4 years of his career at Deportivo La Coruña. Zubieta turned to management and managed sides in Spain, Portugal, and Mexico throughout the 60s and 70s. The story of C.D. Euzkadi is a really fascinating one and I kind of sped through it so I recommend you check it out.

Uruguay

Horacio Peralta, 1999 - 17y, 65d vs. Venezuela (7 caps)
Horacio Peralta is a true journeyman. After showing promise with Nacional, he was purchased by Inter Milan, a club he made zero appearances for before being sold to Cagliari. And thus, his journeyman career began, playing for clubs in Uruguay, Mexico, Colombia, Brazil, Italy, Spain, Portugal, and Switzerland. In total, he has played for 17 senior clubs across an 18-year career. On the international stage, Peralta has had 7 caps.

Argentina

Diego Maradona, 1977 - 16y, 108d vs. Hungary (90 caps)
Another player I think we all know about, especially with the recent tragic news. Diego Maradona made his debut as a sub on for Leopoldo Luque, who had scored 2 goals that match. He won the World Cup with Argentina in 1986 and won Argentina's Footballer of the Year in 1979, 1980, 1981, and 1986. He started at Argentinos Jrs. before moving to Boca Jrs. on loan. He was purchased by Barcelona in 1982 where he spent two seasons before moving to Napoli. There he became a club icon, winning the league twice and the Coppa Italia and UEFA Cup as well. Unfortunately he was banned for a year in 1991 for cocaine use. After his ban he spent a year at Sevilla and another at Newell's before being banned again in 1994. In 1995 he joined Boca Juniors again where he spent the last 2 years of his career. He also had a managing career, taking charge of the Argeninta national team for 2 years as well as managing Al Wasl, Fujairah, Dorados, and Gimnasia.

Croatia

Alen Halilović, 2013 - 16y, 353d vs. Portugal (10 caps)
Alen Halilović, the wonderkid who struggled to live up to the hype, is Croatia’s youngest debutant. In 2014 he was one of the most exciting talents in the world, becoming Dinamo Zagreb’s youngest player as well as the youngest goalscorer in the history of the Prva HNL, the 2nd youngest player in the history of the Champions League, after Céléstine Babayaro (Since Rayan Cherki’s debut this year, Halilović is now the 3rd youngest.). The hype was real. He signed for Barcelona in 2014. He was eventually loaned out to Sporting Gijón, then sold to Hamburger SV, loaned out to Las Palmas, joined AC Milan on a free transfer, loaned out to Standard Liège and Heerenveen, and then in October 2020 had his Milan contract mutually terminated. He is now at Birmingham City (he signed 2 weeks ago) and still only 24 years old. He has made 10 appearances for the national team but is yet to score for them.

Colombia

Johnnier Montaño, 1999 - 16y, 167d vs. Uruguay (12 caps)
Starting his career at CD América, Johnnier Montaño had a very nomadic career. Quilmes in Argentina. Parma, Verona, and Piacenza in Italy. Santa Fe, Tolima, and Cortuluá in Colombia. Deportivo Quito in Ecuador. Sport Boys, Alizana Lima, USM Porres, Melgar, Cantolao, and Chavelines in Peru. Konyaspor in Turkey. He won the Peruvian League with Melgar and currently turns out for Chavelines. He represented Colombia at the 1999 Copa America. At the Copa America, he scored in a game vs. Argentina that saw Martín Palermo miss THREE penalties for Argentina in a game that Colombia won 3-0. Colombia was also awarded two penalties, and missed one of them as well.

Mexico

Armando Manzo, 1984 - 17y, 109d vs. Italy (38 caps)
Armando Manzo didn’t have the most auspicious of starts for the Mexico national team, as he watched his team concede 5 goals to Italy during a friendly, including a Paolo Rossi hat-trick. Nonetheless, Manzo was called up to play for his country at the 1986 World Cup, where Mexico made it to the quarterfinals before losing on penalties to West Germany. On club level, Manzo made 195 appearances for Mexican side Club América, and has also played for Mexican clubs Tampico Madero, Club Necaxa, Cobras de Ciudad Juárez, and CF Monterrey.

Italy

Rodolfo Gavinelli, 1911 - 16y, 98d vs. France (1 cap)
OR Renzo De Vecchi, 1911 - 16y, 113d vs. Hungary (45 caps)
This one is kind of up for debate. Not only is Gavinelli’s date of birth uncertain, but we don’t even know if that’s his actual name. Some sources list him as “Pietro Antonio”. What we do know about him is that he played for Piemonte (not the unlicensed Juventus team on FIFA, there was an actual team called this at one point) and Andrea Doria at club level, and that his life wasn’t particularly long.
If Gavinelli’s debut is too ambiguous for you, the next-youngest debutant for Italy is Renzo De Vecchi, who also debuted in 1911 at 16 years and 334 days old vs. Hungary. We know a lot more about De Vecchi - He played for Milan and Genoa, quickly became a legend among club fans, won the league 3 times with Genoa, appeared at 3 Olympic Games for Italy (1912, 1920, 1924), retired and became the manager Genoa, and then went into sports journalism, working for La Gazzetta dello Sport.

Denmark

Harald Nielsen, 1952 - 17y, 310d vs. Czechoslovakia (14 caps)
Scoring 15 goals in 14 appearances for Denmark, Harald Nielsen was clearly a prolific goal scorer on international level. He was part of the Danish team that won the silver medal at the 1960 Olympics. He also won the Danish footballer of the year in 1961, the first year the award was given out. At club level Neilsen started at Frederikshavn before moving to Bologna in 1961. He won the Serie A with them in 1963-64, and was Serie A's top goalscorer in the 1962-63 and 1963-64 seasons. After 157 games and 104 goals for Bologna, Nielsen had short spells with Inter, Napoli, and Sampdoria before retiring in 1970. After retirement he helped professionalize football in Denmark and is considered an icon for helping Danish football develop to where it is today.

Germany

Willy Baumgartner, 1908 - 17y, 102d vs. Switzerland (4 caps)
In a 5-3 loss to Switzerland, Willy Baumgartner became the youngest player to be capped for Germany. On club level, he played for BFC Germania and Düsseldorfer SV 04. Again, I can’t find much information on him since he played over 100 years ago.

Netherlands

Jan van Breda Kolff, 1911 - 17y, 65d vs. Belgium (11 caps)
Again, another one I can barely find anything about. He has been capped by Netherlands 11 times, scored once, and played for HVV Den Haag at club level.

Switzerland

Robert Fischer, 1915 - 15y, 30d vs. Italy (1 cap)
Not to be confused with the chess player Bobby Fischer. Can find even less out about this one. Don’t even know what club he played for. It is a very classic neutral Swiss thing to be playing football in the middle of World War I, though.

Chile

Humberto Elgueta, 1920 - 16y, 1d vs. Brazil (9 caps)
About 10 years after his international debut Humberto Elgueta was included in Chile’s 1930 World Cup squad (the first World Cup). He started in the teams’ first game, a 3-0 win against Mexico. However he did not appear in any of Chile’s other games at the tournament. He played for Gold Cross FC, Santiago Wanderers, and Naval de Talcahuano on club level.

Poland

Wlodzimierz Lubanski, 1963 - 16y, 187d vs. Norway (75 caps)
On Wlodzimierz Lubanski’s debut for Poland, he actually got on the scoresheet - in fact, a lot of Polish players did. It was a 9-0 thrashing of Norway. The goals didn’t stop there. Lubanski is a legendary goalscorer for Poland; he is the nation’s 2nd highest international goalscorer of all time with 48 goals in 75 games. At club level, he spent 13 years at Górnik Zabrze before switching to Belgian side Lokoren, where he spent a further 8 years. He then spent his last 3 seasons in the French 2nd division with Valenciennes for 1 season and Quimper for 2. His goalscoring records at club level are phenomenal too, scoring 364 times in 626 games.

Sweden

Gunnar Olsson, 1923 - 14y, 302d vs. England (6 caps)
Gunnar Olsson made his debut in 1923 and 11 years later he appeared for Sweden at their first World Cup in 1934. He was also part of the Sweden squad that won the bronze medal at the 1924 Olympics. He spent his entire club career at GAIS.

Wales

Harry Wilson, 2013 - 16y, 207d vs. Belgium (17 caps)
Wales’ youngest player ever is still only 23. Harry Wilson came through the Liverpool youth system and is still contracted to the Reds. He is currently on loan at Cardiff and has previously had spells at Crewe Alexandra, Hull, Derby, and Bournemouth. He has 17 caps and 3 goals for Wales.

Senegal

Dion Lopy, 2019 - 17y, 186 vs. Liberia (1 cap)
Since this one only happened a year ago, Dion Lopy still has a lot of time to do stuff worth writing about. He started at the club Oslo Football Academy Dakar (In Dakar, not Oslo) and moved to Stade Reims in October 2020.

USA

Louis Menges, 1904 - 16y, 18d vs. Canada (1 cap)
Interestingly enough, 4 of the USA’s 5 youngest players made their debut in this 7-0 defeat to Canada in 1904. The fifth player? None other than Freddy Adu, USA’s 2nd youngest player ever. Anyways, goalkeeper Louis Menges didn’t play football much after his teenage years. He was in the US Army during World War I. Later he served in Illinois’s state senate from 1935 to 1943 and also owned and built movie theaters.

Ukraine

Serhiy Rebrov, 1992 - 18y, 24d vs. USA (75 caps)
Coincidentally enough, the next player on this list made his debut against the previous country. Serhiy Rebrov came through Shakhtar Donetsk’s youth prospect right at the same the Soviet Union fell and Ukraine became independent. Rebrov soon switched to Shakthar’s rivals Dynamo Kyiv where he made a famous attacking partnership with Andriy Shevchenko. Rebrov stayed at Kyiv for 8 years before signing for Tottenham in 2000. His last year on contract to Tottenham he spent on loan to Fenerbache. He moved on a free transfer to West Ham where he played for a year before going back to Dynamo Kyiv on a free transfer. In 2008 he was bought by Rubin Kazan where he spent his last year before retiring. Rebrov is the joint-highest goalscorer of all time in the Ukranian Premier League along with Maksim Shatskikh. Rebrov went on to become a manager, leading sides such as Dynamo Kyiv and Al-Ahli. He is managing Ferencváros, who, this year, made their first Champions League Group stage appearance since 1995.

Peru

Lorenzo Pacheco, 1935 - 15y, 166d vs. Chile (10 caps)
Lorenzo Pacheco was a forward who made his debut vs. Chile which ended in a 1-0 victory for Peru. He played for KDT Nacional, Social San Carlos, Universitario, and Sport Boys at club level. He appeared for Peru at the 1947 and 1949 Copa Americas, and won the league with Sport Boys in 1951.

Austria

David Alaba, 2009 - 17y, 110d vs. France (75 caps)
David Alaba has become an integral part of Bayern Munich's dominant 2010s squad since being signed from Austria Wien's reserves in 2008. Besides his time in Austria Wein's youth and a loan to Hoffenheim in 2011, Alaba has spent pretty much his entire career at Bayern Munich, where he has won 9 Bundesligas and 2 Champions Leagues. He has won the Austrian footballer of the year 5 times in a row from 2012 to 2016 and been named in UEFA's team of the year in 2013, 2014, and 2015. He has made 75 appearances and scored 14 times for Austria.

Tunisia

Adel Sellimi, 1989 - 16y, 207d vs. Zambia (78 caps)
Adel Sellimi had a virtually permanent place in the Tunisian national team throughout the 1990s, and overall he earned 78 caps and scored 20 times. He started and ended his career at Club Africain in Tunisia. However, he also played for Nantes, Real Jaén, and Freiburg in between his 2 spells at the Tunis club. He did find an impressive vein of form at Freiburg as well. He's currently an assistant manager for the Tunisia national team.

Japan

Takefusa Kubo, 2019 - 18y, 5d vs. El Salvador (11 caps)
A recent one, and one of the most promising players currently. Kubo is still only 19 years old and has already made 11 appearances for Japan. He was recruited by FC Barcelona from Kawasaki Frontale Youth in 2011 only for Barcelona to let him go in 2015 when he left for FC Tokyo. After a loan spell at Yokohama F. Marinos, Barcelona’s rivals Real Madrid signed him in 2019. Kubo then had a fruitful loan spell at Mallorca and is currently on loan at Villareal.

Venezuela

William Salas, 1977 - 15y, 131d vs. Ecuador (13 caps)
William Salas made 13 total appearances for Venezuela as a defender. On club level, he played for Portuguesa FC in Venezuela.

Iran

Hossein Kaebi, 2003 - 17y, 297d vs. Belarus (85 caps)
OR Allahyar Sayyadmanesh, 2019 - 17y, 338d vs. Syria (3 caps)
Known for his pace, work rate, and strength, Hossein Kaebi played for 9 clubs across Iran’s top tier, including Foolad, Piroozi, Persepolis, Saipa, Steel Azin, Rah Ahan, Sanat Naft, Esteghlal, and Sepidrood. He also had spells in other Middle Eastern clubs: Al-Sadd in Qatar, and Emirates in the UAE. The right-back had a very short and unfruitful spell in Europe, signing for Leicester City in 2007. However he could speak no English and was relegated to the reserves after the sacking of Martin Allen. He was released by mutual consent after only making 3 appearances for the Foxes and returned to Iran. He is currently the assistant manager of Sepidrood. On the international stage, Kaebi appeared in Iran’s 2006 World Cup squad and their 2004 and 2007 Asian Cup Squads. Also, he has 13 siblings, which isn’t relevant but I thought it was pretty wild.
However, it is likely Kaebi lied about his age and was actually older. If that's the case, Iran's youngest player would be Allahyar Sayyadmanesh. He is currently still only 19 and is at Zorya on loan from Fenerbahce. Fenerbache signed him from Esteghlal and previously loaned him out to Istanbulspor.

Serbia

Andrija Živković, 2013 - 17y, 91d vs. Japan (17 caps)
Andrija Živković started his career off at Partizan with a bang, scoring his first goal for the club just 2 days after signing his first senior contract. He scored 3 more times in the next 3 league games, and became the team’s youngest captain in history in 2014. However, by 2016, Živković refused to extend his contract with the club. He eventually moved on a free transfer to Benfica. He struggled to make an impact there and left on a free transfer in 2020. He is currently playing for PAOK in Greece. Živković was part of the Serbian U20 team that won the U20 World Cup in 2015. He scored twice, with his direct free-kick goal against Mexico U20 being voted the goal of the tournament. He was also part of the Serbia's 2018 World Cup team.

Algeria

Tarek Lazizi, 1990 - 18y, 255d vs. Ivory Coast (44 caps)
At club level, Tarek Lazizi started at JS Kabylie and moved to MC Algiers in 1989. In 1996 he moved to Stade Tunisien in Tunisia, then to Genclerbirligi in Turkey, then back to MC Algeirs, then to Atlantis FC in Finland, beofre finally concluding his career at MB Bouira back in Algeria. He won the league with MC Algeirs in 1998-99 and he was a part of the Algeria squad that won their first Africa Cup of Nations in 1990.

Nigeria

Tajudeen Oyekanmi, 1990 - 17y, 7d vs. Algeria (1 cap)
Another one I can find barely anything about. Tajudeen Oyekanmi played for KV Kortrijk between 1991 and 1993, but I can’t find any records of other clubs he played for.

Turkey

Mehmet Leblebi, 1924 - 16y, 143d vs. Czechoslovakia (16 caps)
A true Galatasaray man through and through, Mehmet Leblebi went to Galatasaray High School and was selected for Galatasaray’s 2nd team at only 12 years old. He began playing for Galatasaray’s senior squad at only 15 years old. He stayed at Galatasaray his entire career, winning the Istanbul Football League 5 times. He also scored 14 goals in one match against Vefa SK, a game that ended 20-0. He made 16 appearances for the Turkish NT, scoring twice.

Russia

Eduard Streltsov, 1955 - 17y, 330d vs. Sweden (38 caps)
Here’s a footballer with a story so complicated that I can’t do it justice here. I highly recommend reading more about Steltsov. Streltsov not only scored on his international debut, he scored a hat-trick against Sweden, a game that the Soviet Union won 6-0. In 1956, he won the gold medal with the Soviet Union at the Olympics, and he was voted the Soviet Footballer of the year in 1967 and 1968. He spent his entire career at Torpedo Moscow and the stadium was renamed Eduard Streltsov Stadium in 1996 in his honor. However, it wasn’t all success for Streltsov. In 1958 he was accused of raping a woman at a party. It is unclear whether he actually did this or if he was accused by Soviet leaders who were upset with his rebellious personality and celebrity status. This is an extremely controversial subject so if you want to know more about what exactly happened, I recommend reading more about Streltsov, it's fascinating. But regardless of what really happened, Streltsov was sentenced to 12 years (he wound up only serving 5 of those 12) in the Gulag and forbidden from playing professional football ever again. He missed the 1958 World Cup and never appeared at a World Cup for his nation. Apparently he was frequently severely beaten by a young inmate and had to spend 4 months in the prison hospital. But soon he began to earn the approval of his fellow inmates. Prison officials would allow Streltsov to play football as a form of entertainment to calm down the inmates in times of trouble. After his release in 1963, Streltsev worked at the ZiL factory and studied automotive engineering. He played with the factory’s amateur football team, which won all 11 of its matches and the league, as well as attracting large crowds who wanted to see Steltsev play. When Leonid Brezhnev replaced Nikita Khrushchev, Brezhnev received a letter signed by tens of thousands of Soviet citizens asking for Streltsov’s professional ban to be reversed. Brezhnev agreed and Streltsov returned to Torpedo Moscow where he continued his rich form for the rest of his career. His international career finished with 38 caps and 25 goals. To this day he’s considered on the Russia’s greatest players ever and along with Lev Yashin and Konstantin Beskov, appeared on a limited edition mint of 2-ruble coins focused on Russian sports heros.
Also, if you want to know who is the youngest player for only Russia and not the USSR, it’s Igor Akinfeev. He appeared for Russia at 18 years and 20 days old against Norway in 2004, and has spent his entire career at CSKA Moscow.

Paraguay

Jorge Núñez, 1993 - 15y, 190d vs. Colombia (22 caps)
Jorge Núñez made his debut for the Paraguayan team in a World Cup Qualifying match and overall has made 22 appearances for them, scoring 1 goal. At club level he stayed in South America his whole career. He mostly played for Argentine sides, such as Banfield, Arsenal (The Argentine one), Racing Club, Estudiantes, Rosario Central, and Chacarita Jrs. He had a chance to join Sheffield Utd in the 2006-07 season but decided not to when he was called up to international duty.

Republic of Ireland

Billy/Willie O’Neill, 1935 - 15y, 339d vs. Netherlands (11 caps)
Willie O’Neill was capped 11 times for Ireland, back when it was known as the Irish Free State. The defender also spent his entire career at Dundalk, making 330 appearances.

Slovakia

Frantisek Vysocky, 1939 - 18y, 110d vs. Germany (6 caps)
Striker Frantisek Vysocky racked up 6 appearances and 2 goals for the Slovak national team. He made his first appearance vs. Germany on August 27, 1939. You may know that 4 days later Germany would invade Poland, starting World War II. At club level, Vysocky played for FC Vrútky, OAP Bratislava, and Jednota Košice. He won the league with OAP Bratislava in the 1942-1943 season.

South Korea

Ko Jong-soo, 1997 - 18y, 98d vs. Norway (38 caps)
Midfielder Ko Jong-soo appeared 38 times for South Korea and was part of their 1998 World Cup Squad. He played mostly in the Korean League with Suwon Bluewings. He had a season-long spell in Japan with Kyoto Sanga, as well as appearances for other Korean teams Chunnam Dragons and Daejeon Citizen. He was allegedly very entertaining to watch, with Wikipedia citing a goal he scored from 57 meters against Jeonbuk in 2002. Edit: Goal can be watched here: https://youtu.be/UdbwqsX3JJo?t=37

Morocco

Hachim Mastour, 2015 - 16y, 363d vs. Libya (1 cap)
Hard to know where to start with Hachim Mastour but if you followed football at all in 2015 you knew about the hype. He went viral at 14 with his eye-catching dribbling skills on YouTube and every major club wanted to sign him. Eventually, the Italian-born Moroccan signed for AC Milan, at only 15 years old. He was even promoted him to the first team and put on the bench for Milan’s final match of the season, but Mastour didn’t get subbed on. If he did, he would have become Milan’s youngest player ever. A year later he was loaned out to Málaga where he only made one appearance in all competitions as a substitute in the last 5 minutes. Then he was loaned to Zwolle where he only made 6 appearances. Eventually his contract at Milan expired in 2018 and he moved to Lamia in the Greek Superleague. In December 2018 he was reported absent and later his father said it was due to injury. In March 2019, his contract at Lamia was terminated by mutual consent. He signed for Reggina in Serie C in October 2019 and made his debut in January 2020. In the 2019-20 season, Reggina were promoted to Serie B. On the international level, his record-breaking appearance for Morocco is his only senior cap so far. While it feels like he’s already lived a whole career, he’s still only 22, so there’s still a lot of time for new developments.

Iceland

Sigurdur Jónsson, 1983 - 16y, 249d vs. Malta (63 caps)
Starting his career at his hometown club of ÍA, Jónsson won the award for Icelandic Player of the Year in 1983 at only 17 years old. Obviously this attracted the attention of many clubs and it wasn’t long before Sheffield Wednesday signed the midfielder. Jónsson would spend the next 7 years. In 1986 he was loaned out to Barnsley and in 1989 Arsenal signed the midfielder. However Jónsson struggled with injury and in 2 years he only made 10 appearances in all competitions for the Gunners. He was part of the Arsenal side that won the First Division in 1991 but he only appeared twice, which wasn’t enough to qualify for a winner’s medal. He was also an unused substitute in Arsenal’s 0-0 draw with Tottenham for the FA Charity Shield. Back then they didn’t have a penalty shootout - they just let the teams share the trophy. So I guess he sort of has that to show for his time at Arsenal. He announced he was going to retire due to his back problems but a year later he came out of retirement to play for ÍA again. He won the Icelandic player of the year again in 1993 as well as the Úrvalsdeild Player of the Year. He moved to Örebro SK, then to Dundee United where again he was struck by injuries, then he went back to ÍA for a third spell before retiring in 2000. At international level, he made 63 appearances and scored 3 goals for Iceland. He is now a manager, leading Icelandic 3rd division side Kári since 2014. He previously managed FH, Víkingur, and Grindavík in Iceland and Djurgårdens IF and Enköpings SK in Sweden. During his time managing Djurgårdens, he got the “Iron Stove of the Year” (Årets Järnkamin) in 2007, as voted on by the fans for the best player or coach at Djurgårdens.

Northern Ireland

Norman Whiteside, 1982 - 17y, 40d vs. Yugoslavia (38 caps)
A first team regular for Manchester United throughout the 1980s, Norman Whiteside also appeared at 2 world cups for Northern Ireland in 1982 and 1986. In fact, his international debut came at the 1982 World Cup, making him the youngest player to ever play at the competition. He also scored against Algeria in a 1-1 tie at the 1986 World Cup. He also won the last ever British Home Championship with Northern Ireland. As a teenager, he was scouted by Bob Bishop, who previously discovered Northern Ireland icons George Best and Sammy McIlroy. Whiteside found out he had been offered a deal at the club while visiting Jimmy Carter in the Oval Office… a weird anecdote but apparently he was there because of a program about helping disadvantaged children from Northern Ireland during the Troubles. Whiteside made 206 appearances and scored 47 goals for Man Utd from 1982 to 1989. In 1982 he became the club’s youngest goalscorer, netting against Stoke in the final game of the season. He won the FA Cup twice with Man Utd as well as the FA Charity Shield. In 1989 he signed for Everton and played there for 2 years before retiring at only 26 due to recurring injury problems with his knee. Post-retirement, Whiteside became a podiatrist.

Australia

Duncan Cummings, 1975 - 17y, 137d vs. China (2 caps)
Born in Manchester, England, Duncan Cummings only represented Australia 2 times. At club level, he played for Melbourne Hungaria and South Melbourne. He retired from playing football in 1981, at only age 23.

Norway

Martin Ødegaard, 2014 - 15y, 250d vs. UAE (25 caps)
When Martin Ødegaard became the youngest player and youngest goalscorer in the Tippeligaen in 2014, big clubs from all around Europe came for one of the continent’s most promising youth players. Eventually Ødegaard signed for Real Madrid and became the clubs youngest player ever when he was subbed on for Ronaldo in May 2015. In 2016 Ødegaard became a regular for Madrid’s B Team, Real Madrid Castilla. He was loaned out to Heerenveen and later Vitesse and after struggling a bit, he began to find his form. However, his real breakthrough then came when he was loaned out to Real Socieadad for the 2019-20 season. He won September 2019's La Liga Player of the Month, and in February 2020 he scored against his parent club, Real Madrid, in the Copa del Rey, eliminating them from the competition. This impressed the staff at the Bernabéu and he is now listed as part of Madrid’s 1st team.

Romania

Cristian Manea, 2014 - 16y, 292d vs. Albania (10 caps)
A youth product of Viitorul Constanța’s Gheorghe Hagi Academy, Cristian Manea was purchased by Cypriot club Apollon Limassol in 2014 before immediately being loaned back to Viitorul Constanța. This began a series of loans for the player to other Romanian clubs like FCSB and Cluj as well as Belgian club Mouscron. Eventually Cluj brought Manea from Limassol, where he plays today. The right-back has made 10 appearances for Romania and scored 1 goal.

Scotland

Sandy McLaren, 1929 - 18y, 152d vs. Germany (5 caps)
Alexander “Sandy” McLaren played as a goalkeeper for Scotland, making 5 appearances between 1929 and 1932. At club level he played for St. Johnstone from 1927 to 1933, making 198 appearances, before moving to Leicester. He played there from 1993 to 1940, making 239 appearances until retirement.

Czech Republic

Adam Hložek, 2020 - 18y, 40d vs. Slovakia (1 cap)
One of 2 players to make their debut this year on this list. Adam Hložek made his league debut for Sparta Prague in November 2018 at only 16 years old, becoming the club’s youngest ever league player. He is still at Sparta Prague today where he’s become a regular in the Starting XI and has made 1 appearance for the Czech Republic so far. He was named Czech talent of the year in 2019.

Hungary

Károly Zsák, 1912 - 16y, 312d vs. Russia (30 caps)
Goalkeeper Károly Zsák made a total of 30 appearances for the Hungarian national team. He was part of Hungary’s 1912 and 1924 Olympics squads but was an unused sub on both. In 1914, he was named Hungarian Footballer of the Year.

Ghana

Mohammed Gargo, 1992 - 16y, 207d vs. Zambia (20 caps)
Starting his career at Real Tamale Utd in Ghana, Mohammed Gargo was picked up by Italian side Torino in 1992. He didn’t make a single appearance for the Italian side before moving to Dortmund II, Bayern II. Then he moved to Stoke where again, he didn’t make an appearance. His breakthrough came when he signed for Udinese in 1995, a club he made 88 appearances for. In 2003 he was loaned to Venezia. In 2004 he was sold to Genoa along with Vittorio Micolucci in exchange for Rodrigue Boisfer and Valon Behrami (as you may know, Behrami is back at Genoa as of today). Gargo spent the last years of his career at Al-Wakrah in Qatar before moving back to Ghana to join Ashanti Gold. Gargo was part of the Ghana squad that were runners up at the 1992 Africa Cup of Nations and the 1992 squad that won the bronze medal at the Olympics. Post-retirement, Gargo managed Ghanian sides New Edubiase Utd and Real Tamale Utd, and has been managing Namibian club Tura Magic since 2018.

Jamaica

Michael Seaton, 2013 - 16y, 196d vs. Trinidad/Tobago (14 caps)
Despite being only 25, Michael Seaton has already become kind of a journeyman. Starting at DC United, he was loaned to Portland Kickers and then Örebro SK in Sweden. Then he joined Portland Timbers where he didn’t make a single league appearance. After that he went to Israel, playing for Hapoel Ramat Gan, Hapoel Tel Aviv, and Maccabi Ahi Nazareth. In 2018 Seaton went back to the USA to play for Orange County, where he established himself at one of the league’s best finishers. In 2020 Seaton joined German 3 Liga side Viktoria Köln on a free transfer. Seaton has made 14 appearances and scored 2 goals with Jamaica, and won the Caribbean Cup with them in 2014.

Costa Rica

Manfred Ugalde, 2020 - 17y, 247d vs. USA (1 cap)
The 2nd player on this list to make his debut this year, Manfred Ugalde debuted for Costa Rican side Saprissa in 2019. He had quite an exciting debut for the club, being subbed on in the 79th minute and scoring an equalizer in the 93rd minute. His goal-scoring prowess quickly gained him a good reputation; he won the CONCACAF League in 2019 and was named the season’s best young player. In 2020 He signed for Lommel (Owned by City Football Group) in the Belgian 2nd division where his goalscoring talent has continued.
submitted by eurekae to soccer [link] [comments]


2020.11.30 20:53 ResultOfCynicism Appearance2020

Thank you for the new rant flair. This is my personal story. Long post ahead, I just want to chronicle this so that I can come back later and read to myself that all this happened.
So here I'm, rambling a second time on this subreddit. The last time, I was angry and frustrated about how much I had been misled to believe the exams would be postponed again, and how I was going to shut everything out and go for the exam with only the determination to pass and no regard to anything else.
24.11.2020
Two papers later, I developed mild breathing problems. It felt like there was water in my lungs, just like how you swallow water accidentally in a pool and breathing becomes an inconvenient effort. I was a little worried, because I remembered -- someone had mentioned on reddit under a video of Donald Trump, who was visibly gasping after his COVID-19 diagnosis -- that this is what COVID-19 feels like...
I told my parents (who were in Kochi) that my first 2 exams didn't go as well as I expected and was considering opting out because I did not want to wait till May 2021 or June 2021 to write again. I had printed out my admit card and opt out on the same day, as I had made up my mind that if my last ditch efforts seemed futile, I'd take the opt out as insurance. My parents couldn't agree with opting out - very expectedly - since I had been preparing since February 2020 and my stay in Chennai was well beyond schedule. I couldn’t tell them that I had COVID 19 symptoms. They would think it was a cop out. I have a history.
For many of my friends, 24.11.2020 was a day filled with anticipation of cyclone Nivar postponing all exams in Chennai (or entire TN too, if god willing.) I wasn't sharing their enthusiasm this time around. I told all my friends not to believe rumours and that exams would be as per schedule. In my building, we didn't have power from 1.00 pm till 2.30 pm. Then power came back on for a short while. I filled the opt out declaration with some trepidation. Option a: I have symptoms of COVID-19. I took a couple of decent clicks with “Note bloc” and shared a jpg file to my email. I hoped there would be a sign from the universe what I'd need to do. There wasn’t any goddamn sign. I was impatient. I opted out at 3.00 pm. The power went again between 3.30 pm and 4.30 pm. When the power came back on, I ran downstairs to put on the motor. I lied to my parents that the storm is coming hard, and I will decide on opting out later. Power left for the day at 4.41 pm. I watched as the wind lashed about like an irate elephant. The rain was hard… I told my family that I needed to switch off my cell phone for the rest of the day.
Someone had been enthusiastic enough that day to collate all CCM phone numbers, so when our TN CM EPS declared a holiday, I thought I'd at least send WhatsApp messages to all the CCMs and make their lives miserable. In the morning itself, I was messaging them all how the cyclone was shutting down 7 districts apart from Chennai, and how this was predicted to be worse than the 2016 cyclone.
To my pleasant surprise, the Vice President of ICAI replied to me at about 10.10 am on 24.11.2020 to look for a notification on the ICAI website, and I thanked him and told him I would. At 10.56 am, a notification came, postponing the exams from 24.11.2020 to 09.12.2020 for InteIPCC and from 25.11.2020 to 11.12.2020 for final in 11 places In TN and Pondicherry.
By 8.00 pm on 24.11.2020, TN Govt had declared public holiday throughout the state. Not to be left behind, ICAI also put out a notification at about 11.00 pm the same day postponing the exam from 25.11.2020 to 11.12.2020 for final across TN.
All this raised the next big question of the 21st century… what happens to students who were planning to opt out after group 1? Does Group 1 theoretically/practically/legally/logically end on 11.12.2020? Some of the greatest minds among CA students were immediately put to work out this complex paradox... They failed to arrive at a logically consistent solution... Is it possible for a student who may have COVID 19 symptoms during second group, get tested negative and come back and write the postponed paper of first group? [My view, no. Once opted out, there is no opting back in.] Will ICAI ever answer a genuine query like this from a student? [My view, no. Their silence is always tactical.]
25.11.2020
Power came back on at about 2.00 pm.
All this was a poorly scripted drama for a guy who had breathing difficulties and suspected he had COVID 19, someone who had no way of talking to his parents about it, had opted out and not yet told his parents.
26.11.2020
I spoke to my parents about opting out again, and they reluctantly agreed. The trust deficit I had created by opting out to Jan 2021 exams in lieu of November 2020 had become a proverbial elephant in the room that we couldn't talk about. At that point I was just relieved that I had convinced them that I was doing the right thing by opting out, although I hadn't told them why. But it didn't end there.
27.11.2020
At about 3.15 pm, ICAI had to make an IMPORTANT ANNOUNCEMENT : OPT OUT DUE TO COVID 19. This was picked up by TOI later that day and they used their journalistic judgement and editorial twist to give a headline that ICAI is asking students who opted out in between exams to provide COVID 19 positive reports. I had read the notification directly, and had concluded that there are 3 cumulative conditions to be satisfied:
  1. COVID-19 Positive
  2. OPT Out in Between Exam
  3. Exam Appeared in Nov 20
My mom of course, had not read this notification, but only the news article at around 10 in the night, and all hell broke loose, about how I had betrayed the family by opting out… How I will not be able to produce a COVID positive certificate and ICAI would now act against me for submitting false declarations. I had to calm her down and show her videos by 3 different professors, explaining why the TOI article is not entirely true, and that no action was required, and that I would be appearing in Jan 2021. 27.11.2020 came to a dramatic close.
28.11.2020
It was at about 10.00 in the morning that I had the notion that ICAI could ask for a COVID 19 negative report to appear in Jan 2021 - I mean – I trust them that they only need self-declaration, but I also trust them to be dramatic. So, I took the decision of going to a decent clinical establishment near my house and met the physician. I explained my symptoms, mainly emphasising my breathing difficulty and aching back, and the chills I was experiencing which I felt could be due to weather, but which I could not confirm as a fever due to my not having a thermometer. The doctor was enthusiastic to listen to me patiently, repeated my symptoms to me for my confirmation, and then he recommended that I get a RTPCR test done since my symptoms were consistent with COVID 19. I was happy! I went to the ATM, withdrew 3500, and paid 3200 - including 200 for doctor's fees - in cash because their swipe machine wasn't working. While I went to get the cash, I missed the 12.00 pm batch deadline for the day. My throat and nasal swabs were collected, and I was told that I would get my test report only the next day.
I went to my room and told no one that I had gone for the COVID 19 test. At that point, I was thinking this would be a win-win, whatever the test result. If I didn't have COVID-19, I would get a negative test report to give ICAI and re-appear in Jan 2021, should they feel the need to ask for it. If I did have COVID-19, I would get a positive report to send to their new email ID and prove bona fide. I could barely wait for the results.
It was at about 8.30 pm that the lady at the front desk from the clinic called and told me to pick up my report the next day. I told her I could come down in 5 minutes, as I stayed nearby. The lady told me to hurry up as they needed to close very soon. I was there by 8.35 pm, and I was asked to wait. I sat for about 15 minutes, till when the doctor could see me. Just as I was about to go see him, the lady stopped me, pulled out an envelope from under a heap of papers, and asked me to take my report with me. Great, thank you madam! I stepped into his office as he pointed to me sit at chair 10 feet away. I asked him if I should leave my test report at his desk first. He said it wasn't necessary, he had already seen it. Just sit down, relax, and read what it says, he said. I read it for about 15 seconds, and I asked him, what the words “detected” meant, was it the same as positive? To which he said, yes, the test says you are COVID 19 positive.
He asked me to sit closer to him on the regular patient's chair. He took my temperature using a thermal scanner and it was only 97.2 F. He then asked me to sanitize my hands and place my finger in a pulse oxy-meter. I had good SPO2 saturation at 99%. What followed was a half an hour-long discussion with me of do's, don'ts, medications and rules to be followed and how I basically need to hole up for 20 days in quarantine. Meanwhile, my phone had been on silent and my family had called 9 times during that same half an hour. They'd lost their mind why I wasn't answering the phone at night. I chanced to see my phone display flicker to life when the doctor had a call to take, so I just took the call and told them I'm at a doctor's office, I'll call back later.
So, as I got out of the doctor's office, their swipe machine had been fixed… They were able to swipe my card for 1300 for consultation and another 5000 for a Chest CT scan I would take the next day. The medicines were available at a nearby pharmacy, and I paid another 4000 for fabiflu and a bucket load of other medicines. As I waited outside the pharmacists' I called my family and told them that I was COVID 19 positive. They went absolutely crazy and were at a loss with me why I hadn't just come home if I weren't feeling well. I told them what is done is done, irreversibly, I would now be actively tracked by Chennai corporation officials since my test was done through ICMR. I couldn't abscond. In a way I was glad that I was separated from my aged parents.
29.11.2020
After numerous visits and calls from Chennai corporation officials, I decided to send out the email to ICAI's new dedicated mail address: [[email protected]] in which I explained how I had opted out on 24.11.2020 on self-declaration basis that I had symptoms of COVID-19 and that I had got myself tested on 28.11.2020 as per doctor's advice, and that I was now COVID-19 positive and undergoing treatment. I also provided my enrolment details, and the details of the exams which I appeared. Scanned with great enthusiasm, all my medical reports and both sides of my admit card. By about 11.00 am, this was done, so I then decided I'd tell all near and dear that I was COVID-19 positive and that they should watch out for symptoms, those who have come in contact with me.
Some friends advised me to tell the exam centre, but I told them it may not be appropriate since ICAI is now being proactive to monitor this situation and issue advisories to centres based on our medical reports given to them, to which they said, maybe you're right, you've done your bit.
My CT scans show there is no infection or pneumonia in the lungs, and since I have no other conditions, my doctor says this is going away very soon.
30.11.2020
Enough people have told me to reach out to the centre, so I thought well, at least do It out of moral obligation.
I dialled them at about 10.45 in the morning and told the lady who answered my name, and that I had appeared for CA final exams the week before on 21st and 23rd Nov, 2020, and that I had some information to be conveyed that was important so she should take a pen and paper. She seemed amused and asked me what the matter was. I said it with no dressing up whatsoever that I tested COVID positive. She literally said Oh my god and asked me to hold. I told her calmly my name again, my roll number, the wing where I appeared, the floor and room number I was sitting in, and the dates on which I was at their campus. I told them how I had opted out on 24th but tested positive on 28th, and had informed the ICAI on 29th, but I was worried that 29th being a holiday they might have missed it or not acted on it yet, so I felt morally compelled to check with them if they had been informed by the institute. The lady at the other end said, well, no, they hadn't been informed yet, so she was thankful to me, and wished me a speedy recovery. I replied I have only mild symptoms so I would be ok soon, but I had to convey this information so they could take care of the health of the people over there. She was again thankful and took my contact number to reach out to me.
For the first time in about a week, I felt I had done something right.
They called me at about 12.30 pm from the examination centre, and asked me to send my medical report to a "new" email id: [[email protected]] and to mark a copy to the centre as well. I told them I would forward them same email I had sent yesterday to ICAI which has all these documents and details. The mail was forwarded to ICAI again and to the centre. The centre confirmed receipt over phone.
I have some disdain towards ICAI for sitting on time critical information, especially when they know the seriousness of it. Perhaps it was an honest oversight, but that doesn't cut it in such a scenario. They should have at least blindly forwarded to the centre.
01.12.2020
My symptoms are mild, in fact I am almost asymptomatic. I should be good in 3 or 4 days. I am studying for Jan 2021, this will be the attempt of a lifetime.

submitted by ResultOfCynicism to CharteredAccountants [link] [comments]


2020.11.29 07:22 TinyLittleFlame Celebrating a Millennium of Peace

Author's Reminder: All insects in Apisia are much much larger. Bees the size of hamsters, grasshoppers the size of chickens, beetles the size of a rhino, etc. Also, Apisia is a currency-free society. There are no "shops" per se. There are warehouses that distribute to you what you need as per your rations. On the rare occasion of festivals, rations are set aside and all the food-stalls, drinking dens are FREE.
The port town of Jirajen was often alive at night but tonight it was positively radiant. Strings of paper lanterns hung from rooftop to rooftop bathing the city in warm lights. Music could be heard in every street as musicians played where ever they could. Stalls lined many pavements offering all sorts of street foods and festive trinkets. Booze flowed freely in the many drinking dens that sprung up. This all you-can-eat, all-you-can-drink affair was fully financed by the city council in celebration of the millennium of peace since the Great War, and they had promised the party of the century.
Like a shooting star, a luminous green arrow went up in the air with light trailing behind it. Among the clouds it exploded into a brilliant display of green and red, momentarily lighting up the night time sky.
“I hear they do that to keep it from raining,” said Zavir.
“Casting spells by arrows,” said Lovisa. “I wonder why people think the Sahiri aren’t creative.”
“Creative? Most definitely. But they’re also chaotic and volatile. Trust me, I know first hand.”
“Oh yes, your sister is a mage, isn’t she? I’d like to meet her someday.”
“You say that now, but I wouldn’t be so sure you’d feel the same way once you meet her.”
Another arrow was shot from the rooftops at the sky.
“Come on, let’s get something to eat,” said Lovisa dragging her date by the hand.
Zavir bumbled along, clearly still gripping to terms that they were out on a date. Was it really that unbelievable?
He had cleaned up nicely for the occasion. His shoulder length hair was tied up in a pony tail, his beard was trimmed short and he was wearing a purple silk waistcoat over his white linen shirt. All in all, he looked quite delectable.
Meanwhile, Lovisa had taken the opportunity to wear her purple silk cloak over her sapphire blue dress. Her hair was done in a single long braid which she had inter-woven with a blue ribbon and small silver bells that tinkled softly with each movement.
They came to a food stall with oil bubbling in a large deep dish.
“What will it be?” Said the man behind the stall.
The man was a stack of boulders: absolutely round with thick painted arms and a large bald head. The only thing small about him were his eyes and nose, which were underscored by a bushy mustache that flew off his face to curl, and a smile warmer than a deep bowl of honey. He wore a drab apron over a drab shirt but his arms were painted in festive swirls of purple and red. He also sported a brass medal, his reward for volunteering to work during what was being touted as the celebration of the century.
“Two please,” said Zavir with a brief smile towards his date, Lovisa.
“Alright.” The man turned back to his helper. “Pass me a new egg, I am running short.”
His young lanky assistant pulled out a tangerine-sized egg from a crate and tossed it.
“Careful,” said the big man catching it. “Just ‘cause they‘re not from your rations, don’t go wasting good eggs now.”
He cracked the egg open, dumping the contents into a large bowl. Whisking them up, he tossed in a few grasshopper meatballs in.
“So, sticks or rolls?” He asked.
Lovisa looked over at Zavir. “Rolls?”
“Rolls,” Zavir affirmed.
“You heard them,” said the stall keeper to his assistant who immediately started flattening a pair of dough-balls with a rolling pin. “Stand back, little lady. The oil splashes.”
Lovisa was tugged back away from the bubbling oil with a firm grasp from Zavir. She hadn’t realise she had been leaning forward.
“You really like watching food be made, huh?” Asked Zavir.
“I am not great of a cook,” or even good for that matter, “but ever since I was little, I’d just sit by the kitchen and watch my mother make food. It’s just such a treat watching someone so apt at their work.”
The meatballs were now frying in the hot bubbling oil, along with flattened dough discs.
“Depends on the work, I guess,” said Zavir. “There’s no spectacle to watching a historian at work.”
“Or an office assistant, for that matter.”
The stall-keeped smiled at the two. “So you two want a spectacle, eh?”
He had taken out the fried dough-discs first and had been draining them of oil. He held one of them in one hand and with the other hand and a large spatula, he picked up the frying meatballs and tossed them in the air. Mid-flight he caught them in the dough-disc and rolled them up and served.
“Careful it, it’s hot,” he said.
Lovisa did a small clap and took her food. Once they had both gotten their rolls, they sat down on a nearby bench.
“Mmmm! They’re so good,” said Lovisa biting into the hot crunchy food.
“Mmhmm,” said Zavir smiling at the roll with a faraway look.
“Let me guess, you’re thinking about the history of this dish.”
He chuckled. “Well, there is a history to it. It isn’t strictly Apisian after all.”
“I guess it was invented within the past one hundred years.”
“Around thirty, to be a bit more precise.”
“Because we don’t grow wheat. Wheat is a major import from the Denru lands.”
“Precisely. It just amazes me how quickly it became such a major commodity considering we haven’t used it in our cuisine for the vast majority of our history.”
“Well, that’s because things made from wheat are delicious and it is a far more versatile ingredient than local alternatives. Rice flour and coconut flour don’t let you make this.” She held up the roll and then took another bite.
“It just amazes me how quickly the world changes. As a historian, I see these things all the time.”
“That reminds me, how is your research work going? I realised I forgot to ask you what you were working on.”
“Perfect place to ask this question.” He gestured all around them at the festival. “I am studying the Great War.”
She snorted. “Really? That has to be the easiest topic of all. It is the most well documented event in our history. We’re taught about it even when we were kids.”
“See, you’d think that, but you’d be wrong. We are taught what society wants us to know about it, but academically speaking we don’t know all that much about it.”
“But why not? There is a huge war memorial filled with preserved written accounts from that time.”
“The war memorial at Saviour Hill was ordered to be built on the hundredth anniversary of the end of the war. It took at least another decade or two to finish it and fill it with all those preserved accounts. By that time, all the people that had witnessed the Great War had died. All we have are second hand accounts passed down by the older generation. And most of them are just tales of how bad that era was.”
“Because it was a very bad era.”
“True, but it doesn’t really tell us a lot of substantial details. All we really know about it is,” he began counting on his fingers. “That it was started by a coalition of mountain tribes; It was led by the first Mage Queen, the self-styled Dragon’s Daughter; It led to a decade of massacres and mass displacement; and it ended due to wide spread disease amongst the crops and the bees resulting in the Honey Famine.”
“Well, it officially ended with the fall of the Dragon’s Daughter on the Field of Flame.”
“Yes, but her armies turned against her due to the Honey Famine.”
“You’re really summarizing it though. We know of many of the major battles, and the attrocities committed during the era.”
“Second hand accounts that lack far too many crucial details. We barely know with any certainty where half of those battles took place. The post-war generation hardly traveled enough to know where anything was.”
“Well we know men used to be in charge back then.”
“Ah yes, the one factoid every woman remembers and likes to bring up.”
She chuckled. “It just strikes me as odd. Apisia must have been such a different place back then.”
“Yes, and we barely know anything about it apart form the official narratives pushed through tribe scribes. I want to know more, gather all the information there is from all over Apisia. Heck, I haven’t even been to Saviour Hill yet!”
“That sounds like a lot of work to get a permanent position at the academy.”
“Oh, no, this is my long-term goal. For my thesis, I am just trying to poke holes in the things we do know to justify getting appointed to do a more detailed study of the subject. I’ll probably try to find some new information from the material at hand but it is unlikely.”
Lovisa just smiled at him. He was very passionate about his work, a blazing flame of a person, but the odds were stacked against. Unfortunately, he was a man, and those old ladies at the academy would rather die than let a man spend his life trying to upend the established narrative so many women had codified over centuries. It was a beautiful dream he had but one that was ultimately doomed to fail.
“Tell you what,” said Lovisa finishing up her roll and wiping her hands with a handkerchief. “Once the Academy approves your cross-island trip, I’ll convince my boss to let me travel inland. I’ll make up some excuse to get those travel documents. And then maybe we can travel together. See all the places you want to see.”
“Really? You want to take a trip with me?”
“Well, I am having a lot of fun with you tonight. A nice long trip doesn’t sound so bad either.”
“Wow. That... that would be so great.”
Highly unlikely, but yes that would be great. Maybe once he gets his official rejection, she’d try to get those travel documents anyway and see if she could bring him along somehow. His passion for his subject was endearing and she would hate to see him abandon it.
“I actually have been to Saviour Hill once,” she said.
“You have?” He was eating faster now, making up for time lost talking so much.
“Yeah, along with one of those annual peace pilgrimages. Was quite an educational experience. Gave me a lot of respect for our past and what we have today.”
A trio of pre-teen boys trotted past the couple, wearing a red dragon costume. Kikiri, the Dragon God of Flame and War.
“War! War! War!” They chanted.
Right behind them, a trio of girls flew, painted in purple, red and blue, colors of the three Goddesses. Between them they carried a large fishing net.
“Stop right there, Dragon!” Said the girl in purple, playing Goddess Arizume.
They threw the net over the costumed boys and the Dragon got tangled and fell to the ground in heap. The girls landed atop them.
“No war! No war! No war!” Chanted the girls.
Some of the adults around started cheering and joined the chant, Lovisa included.
“Have you ever played this game?” Asked Lovisa.
“A few years,” he said. “The last time I played, my sister had just joined mage school and practiced all her little tricks on me all night. I decided not to play the year after.”
“Awww.”
The girls were helping the boys out of the net by now and the whole group was laughing and talking.
“Too bad you never played with me,” said Lovisa. “I used to give the captured boys a kiss on the cheek afterwards.”
“Woah! That used to be a thing?”
“Well, my friends and I would have a group of boys all trapped up and at our mercy. Seemed like the perfect time to give them a kiss.”
“Should I go borrow that net from them, then?”
She laughed and punched his arm.
A paper bird swooped over them. It was painted with swirls of red and glowed a faint purple. A female voice emanated from it as it flew over the square.
“The Goddesses are coming! The Goddesses are coming!” It announced and then dove towards one of the side streets.
Sure enough, new music began to rise from that direction and people started walking towards it excitedly.
“Come on!” Said Lovisa rushing to her feet. “The parade’s my favourite part.”
They followed the crowd through side streets to a main street that had been bordered off. People were gathered along the sides and some of the women had glown up to ait on the rooftops. Lovisa and Zavir pushed their way to the front, hands tightly clasped.
First came the procession of priests and priestesses donning splendid white robes with varying colors of sashes, signifying the temple they belonged to. They played all manner of flutes and string instruments.
Recognising the tune, the crowd started to sway and sing the hymn:

O mother!
Gentle mother!
Take us in your ever-loving arms
Where we are safe from every harm

May there be honey on every lip
May she bless us with every sip

Behind the priests came a massive three-storey tall statue atop a wheeled platform. The statue depicted a beautiful naked woman with yellow skin and purple body paint, cradling an Apisian honey bee that suckled at her tit. This was the Goddess Arizume, the Mother Goddess of honey, peace and serenity.
Her platform was not drawn by any animals. Instead two Sahiri (mages) sat on either side of the statue, propelling it forward with magic. At the front of the platform, at the feet of the great statue, stood a middle-aged woman. She was painted just like the Goddess and wore nothing but a breechcloth. She was the High Priestess of Goddess Arizume.
The High Priestess raised the tip of an enchanted hollow cone to her mouth and said “No War! No War!”
Thr magic carried her voice above the music and the singing. Immediately, the musicians shifted to a mire up beat melody. The crowd grew more energetic and stomped along and punched the sky while singing:
Praise the Mother that fought to end the war
Praise the Mother that caught the gods of war

We shall not pray to the Gods of War
We shall not march to the drums of war
No war!
No war!

She ended the war and brought us peace
So we may lead our lives with ease.
With ease!

“I know it’s made of paper pulp,” said Lovisa in Zavir’s ear as the giant statue passed them by. “But look at the finishing and detailing on it. You can see everything.”
Indeed, from the contours of her muscles to the eyelashes and even the bumps on her bare areola, the statue was astonishingly detailed.
“Shaper mages,” said Zavir. “Sculpting is like the first thing they learn.”
“Let me guess. You learned that the hard way from your sister?”
He shrugged. “Mean older sister is like a running theme with me.”
“You must hate mages, huh?”
“On the contrary, I have dated one or two as well.”
Lovisa’s eyes went wide. “Oh I am squeezing all the details out of you later, mister.”
As Arizume’s ensemble passed, it gave way to the procession of sharply dressed men and women of all ages carrying all sorts of strange and wondrous devices: A series of flutes attached to a large cloth sack (bagpipes); bellows powered flutes; drums that play them selfs as their carrier marches; A crank-powered music box; and many more. The combined sound could hardly be called music. A log carved into the shape of a dragon caught Lovisa’s eye. A helper held a flaming torch in front of it and another compressed the bellows at the tail of the dragon. The dragon breathed fire! Three men alongside this device carried pails of water. Perhaps even they knew it was only a matter of time before something caught fire.
“Oh Gods,” groaned Zavir. “I recognise many of the women from the Academy.”
Indeed, this was the procession of mechanics and inventors (and their assigned male assistants). Adherents of Wayawa, Goddess of technological progress and Order, amongst other things.
“How come you’re not with them?” Lovisa teased.
“Because I suspect even Wayawa would hang her face in disappointment looking at this hot mess.”
Behind this procession, came four rows of runner birds pulling the large wheeled platform that carried the statue of Goddess Wayawa. The Goddess stood tall and proud, painted in her traditional patterns of blue over her yellow skin. In one hand she carried a book, from the other hung a pair of scales. Though, as the statue drew nearer, it was obvious that the craftsmanship wasn’t as fine and detailed as Arizume (the naked Goddess didn’t even have nipples!). Adherents of Wayawa disliked relying on Magic, and believed in The salvation of science. Things just got a lot harder that way.
At the front of Wayawa’s platform were three chairs where three older women sat. From left to right: the Dean of the Academy, the city’s Sarauniya (Tribal Queen) and the Hight Priestess of Wayawa. The first two wore beautiful gowns and robes of deep blue embroidered with golden thread. The third wore just a breechcloth and body-paint in the pattern of the Goddess. A High Priestess’ nudity was an emulation of the Goddess’ perfect divine form. Too bad the Priestess couldn’t do anything about her aging, saging body.
At the rear end of the platform was a giant wheel with crank levers on each side. A pair of strong men cranked each lever as the platform moved forward. Apparently, the runner birds weren’t enough to keep this massive thing moving.
As the statue of the Goddess passed, the crowd broke into another hymn, despite the lack of good accompanying music.

O Wayawa! Please show us the way.
From your path, we shall not stray

O Wayawa! Please show us the light.
O Wayawa! Teach us what is right.

What came after Wayawa could hardly be called a procession. They were the Sahiri, dressed in elaborate frilly dresses, colorful patchwork tatters or nothing at all. They danced, they twirled, they skipped and they flew; all the while casting all sorts of wonderful magic. Dragons made of water and flame slithered through the air, clashing and entwining, dissipating and reforming. Ethereal butterflies, floof-moths and even flutter-fae danced in the air, flying circles the spell casters. Enchanted string instruments floated along, playing a bashful melody while a towering stone golem marched in their midst, beating a large drum.
“Is that a war drum? In a peace festival?” Said Lovisa.
“That’s the Sahiri for you,” said Zavir. “As if the Dragons amidst the Goddesses weren’t offensive enough.”
Nonetheless, the cheered for the vibrant displays. Political-correctness aside, the Sahiri were down right entertaining. Behind their frolicking came the magically-drawn platform of the third Goddess, and it was a sight to behold. The Sahiri had opted to leave their beloved Goddess’ statue unpainted but instead of looking like paper-pulp, the statue’s surface looked more like polished white marble. Instead of demure body paint, her traditional triangular red patterns glowed across the expanse of her naked skin, as did her eyes.
Soyaya was the Goddess of Magic, Mischief, Beauty, Love, Sex and Fertility, and the statue played homage to her well. While Arizume’s statue, albeit beautiful, had depicted her more matronly figure, Soyaya’s statue was the epitome of youthful anatomical perfection. Firm slender legs, well-toned hips with just the right curvature, a slender waist, firm round breasts and a face that accurately captured her smug and mischievous nature.
Soyaya stood with a hand on her hip and the other arm stretched out. In the palm of her outstretched hand a gigantic flower bloomed. The flower was a glowing apparition woven from red and purple light. It shed a steady stream of glowing specks that fell like snowflakes trailing behind her. Wherever the specks fell on the crowd, a collective sigh was let out.
At the feet of the Goddess, upon an elaborate throne, sat the Mai Sahiri (Mage Queen). Similar to the High Priestesses, she was naked from the waist up. After all, a Mage Queen was the closest thing to divinity in terms of raw power. She must have been atleast forty years old, probably a decade more, yet her form was still as flawless as a maiden at the peak of her youthful beauty. Magic, that had to be it.
Her silky black hair flowed like an inky river down her arms. Upon her head sat an ornate crown made of the whitest, most lustrous metal Lovisa had ever seen. The Celestial Crown marked her as the Mai Sahiri. Many other Sahiri were lounging on the platform as well, chatting and occasionally casting a spell. Wait, was one of them waving in there direction?
“Oh, Gods, no,” said Zavir. “We should hide.”
“What, why?” Said Lovisa. “Was she someone you dated?”
“Worse, she’s my sister, Solenia.”
As the wheeled platform drew closer, Lovisa got a better look at the infamous Solenia. Similar to her Queen, the lounging Sahiri was naked save for a purple breechcloth and red body paint depicting the exact same patterns as the Goddess. Her hair was done in many thin braids, and golden chains spiralled around each braid. She was smiling at the couple and waving amorously.
Lovisa said, “She seems nice.”
More like drop dead gorgeous. Then again, Soyaya was Goddess of both Magic and Beauty so it was no surprise the Sahiri were blessed with both.
“Wait till you get to know her.”
Solenia snapped her fingers and a flock of icy white flutter-fae materialised around her. They swarmed one of the water dragon displays. Their combined touch made it explode into a flurry of snow. The icy fae scrambled to gather it all into a ball of snow and carried it over to Lovisa and Zavir.
Everyone around the couple saw in curiosity and awe as the fae carried over their trophy, which by now had turned into a melon-sized snow-white egg. The tiny humanoid creatures had lithe feminine forms with dragonfly wings. As they handed over egg to Zavir, red glowing letters on its shell read ‘For the happy couple.’
The fae then started flying around Lovisa inspecting her and talking excitedly in squeaky voices. She had never seen magic familiars talk before.
“She’s so pretty,” said one flying around her head.
“Look at her hair,” as one pulled at her silver bells.
“Look at her dress,” said a few tugging at the skirt of her dress.
“Umm... thank you?” Said Lovisa unsure if this was just Solenia commenting on her or magically intelligent familiars.
Then a few flew right under her skirt and up her naked legs underneath and she jumped from their ice cold touches on her skin.
The fae laughed, rolling over in the air and dissipated into white smoke. The letters on the egg’s shell changed to read ‘Good luck for tonight.’ The egg cracked open to reveal a pair of fae rutting like animals and making loud squeaky passion-filled noises.
The onlookers around the couple laughed and Lovisa clutched Zavir’s arm embarrassed.
“Just Solenia being Solenia,” said Zavir and tossed away the egg. It dissipated mid air.
By then, the platform of Soyaya had passed them by and they saw tiny glowing petals falling on them from the sky. This must have come from the giant flower in Soyaya’s hand. As the petals fell on Lovisa’s skin, she felt warm and fuzzy inside. The next moment she found herself in the tight embrace of Zavir’s arms. The coo’s and sighs from all around suggested the couple wasn’t the only one in a sudden display of public affection. Soyaya was, after all, the Goddess of love, affection and...
The image of the fae fucking briefly flashed in Lovisa’s mind and she snuggled deeper into his chest.
submitted by TinyLittleFlame to createthisworld [link] [comments]


2020.11.26 15:55 arclightmagus The Elements (Collective - Part 3)

Book 1 Start] [Last Chapter of Book 1]
[Book 2 Ch 1] [previous] [next]
Borlian Aligned Tribes - Borlian Homeworld - Xeno-Confederacy Planetary Offices
Ambassador Patrick “Mac” MacDonald slumped into his chair. That had been the third long holo call today discussing the new governance status of the sentients formerly under Borlian authority.
Since the founding of the Xeno-Confederacy some three weeks prior with the agreement of an alliance between the human Third Sol Empire, the Borlian Aligned Tribes, and the Capy Territories as well as several other species who controlled minor segments of the Collective-Imperial border, Mac and the whole of the imperial diplomatic corps had been dealing with more treaties, trade agreements, and species governance discussions than any would have expected as little as four years ago, when the diplomatic corps mostly existed to negotiate between planetary enemies and even then only if both sides petitioned for it.
With the establishment of the Xeno-Confederacy, the humans had demanded the liberation of entire subservient but sentient beings to be permitted self-determination. With that, the entire economic system of the Borlian Aligned Tribes had to be reworked, to much more closely mirror the human system. While the Borlian economists were not especially happy with this turn of events, to say nothing of the few Borlian oligarchs, who saw more than half of their investments turn into little more than dust in an interstellar wind over the course of days, the general population of the Borlians seemed supportive. After all, a week after the alliance was made, the first human-built fusion and fission generation systems arrived and was instantly at full capacity, producing materials and human-equivalent fabricators, which were then being flown around the Borlian systems to begin the new process.
Mac let out a stream of air as he considered all of this. Four years ago, he’d been just another desk clerk. And here he was, Ambassador for the Empress, husband to a Blingoth, and negotiator and coordinator of trillions of beings. It seemed a sort of impossible dream that he might wake up from. And some days, he feared he might wake up, others, he dared to hope that if this was a dream, he should never wake up, lest it be lost.
The door chimed and without even a pause, in walked Hiram Rickover, Mac’s aide. When he’d first arrived to Mac aboard their station at the Collective-Imperial Border, Mac was certain that Hiram was as unchanging and unfeeling as a rod of hydrogen at zero Kelvin. Since then, much had changed between them, and Hiram himself had become a ‘strengthmate’ to one of the Borlian representatives, whom Hiram and Mac had nicknamed Munin, owing to a lack of the proper vocal structures for Borlian names.
“You’re not due on another call for two hours. I suggest you grab some lunch and possibly a nap in the meantime,” Hiram said, not quite all business.
“How did we get here?” Mac mused aloud.
“What do you mean, Mac?” Hiram asked quizzically.
“It just hit me. I’m the most experienced xeno-ambassador humanity has and a few years ago, I wasn’t even that. Now I’m helping beings decide the fates of their entire species,” Mac said, gesturing vaguely out of the window, spinning his chair a bit.
“And you think I expected to be a strengthmate to Munin and have an apparent pseudo-status as a geneseed carrier, even though I’m not a proper Borlian?” Hiram asked, somewhat rhetorically.
The pair seemed to consider this for a moment, before Mac pushed himself up from his chair and wandered out to the common area where the fabricator was. The other primary Borlian representatives, Rory and Marco, were in the process of working out some of the latest figures from the economic projections. Oorak, a Blingoth and Mac’s wife of two weeks (although they had been near constant companions since his arrival in Collective space and their subsequent flight from Collective space), was not present, but Mac expected that she too had plenty of work to be done. As a former Collective Council representative, she was still trying to aid what remained of her free people within the Empire by acting as an agent between them and the humans where necessary.
Mac began dialing up some food, paused, changed his mind, and began dialing up a different menu. Without turning, he called over to Rory and Marco.
“How’s the economic shift coming?” he asked.
“Slowly and we’re definitely getting into some reserves that we hadn’t anticipated, but by making a few basic restrictions until we get the next set of mass fusion systems into place, we should be ok,” Rory said, dropping two of the tablets he had been holding with two of his four arms.
“I still think we missed something and we’re going to end up in trouble somewhere as a result,” Marco chimed in, his Terran Standard tones coming along quite nicely.
“How much margin for error did you leave?” Hiram asked, taking a moment to punch in a few things of his own into the fabricator order.
“Margin for error? Why wouldn’t you simply do the sums?” Marco asked as though the concept had never been thought of before.
“Always allow for error and the unknown, especially with planetary politics being what they so often are,” Mac said simply.
Mac and Hiram knew better than most the difficulties of planetary politics, even within the Empire. But even with those complications, the High Imperial space elevators on almost every settled world in the human empire was considered verging on sacred ground where planetary politics were concerned. And while the local citizens might often see the Empire itself as bloated and having no place in their local politics and power plays, none could say that they did not benefit from the massive economic engine of the Empire, if only in ensuring that all beings within the Empire had the basic necessities of life and an assurance of self-determination.
The Borlians, in contrast, operated on an elevated tribal system, systems being controlled by one of the sixteen tribes, one for each finger on a Borlian. This meant that there was only a tenuous overarching system as it relied heavily on the agreements and debates of the Borlian Council, but planetary specific politics was an understandably foreign concept to the Borlians. But with the liberation of no less than fifteen systems from the Borlians to the local sentient species, inter-system and inter-species politics was becoming a huge item for discussion and debate.
Luckily for the Borlians, with the events of Avorias 15 and the almost-concurrent attack by the Dregwer in the Borlian homesystem, Mac and company had decided to stick around the homeworld for a bit, and with some careful negotiating, courtesy of Marco, they had been able to establish some alliance specific offices near the governance district in the council city. And so the whole group had been working at an almost feverish pace, keeping track of fabricator productions, distributions, economic transitions, and more.
In executing the economic transition and species liberation, Imperial Intelligence had provided some of the most complex math that Hiram had ever seen in exactly what would need to be produced from day 1 upon arrival and activation of the fusion/fission mass generator and fabricator. And yet, it seemed to be working. Having created a Type 32 Fabricator with Matter Recombinator for deployment to each inhabited world, with the expressed purpose of using them to produce Type 37 Personal Fabricators with Matter Recominators, seemed to be working. The only problems were getting the personal fabricators and the ‘how to use these’ guides out to the people.
Thanks to some rather smart Borlians and several of the crew of the ambassadorial vessel IMS The Lion, Witcher, and The Wardrobe, every fabricator was being produced with a basic set of Borlian foods, beverages, and goods templates. This at least ensured that, while the fabricators couldn’t necessarily produce everything a Borlian could conceivably want for, no Borlian would starve for lacking access to food, given that, with the liberation of several of their slave caste species, the Borlians had lost access to massive farm worlds, which would have doomed most societies or at least many beings to a slow death.
For their part in all of this, the crew of The Lion, Witcher, and The Wardrobe had been spending much of the last three weeks helping with the arrival of the human-built systems as well as conducting extensive martial discussions with various military champions among the Borlians. Shortly before and continuing after, Mac had made special efforts to include the crew on the foodstuffs and various species specific goods of the Borlians, sending up shuttle after shuttle to the crew. While there were some who would have been contented simply to enjoy the various goods and foodstuffs immediately, several had the bright idea to template scan all of the items and then offer up those templates to the whole of the Empire, for a reasonable price, with the profits being spread to every member of the crew.
To date, the crew could have been said to be one of the wealthiest in the entirety of the Imperial Navy, but since Mac and Hiram arranged with their Captain-pro-tem Commander Bly Titanus for shoreleave of the crew to the homeworld below, the crew had been spending their new found fortunes rather quickly on the various sights, dramas, tales, and experiences that could only be found on a Borlian world. Mac was personally using his wealth to rent this particular set of offices from the Council at a rate that had made the eyes water until you looked at the Imperial Bank account that it was being paid out of with enough zeros in Solar Credits to make the eyes bulge.
“I think Intelligence factored in a five percent margin. It’s what I would have done if it were my figures,” Hiram said, a former Intelligence analyst before he came to work for the Ambassador.
“What does five percent equate to?” Rory asked, his four eyes just on this side of spinning from looking at numbers, charts, and graphs for so long.
“For Borlian territory? Probably about three systems worth, give or take a world,” Hiram said, doublechecking his math in his head.
Behind Hiram, the fabricator hummed as it began processing the lunch order. Marco’s eyes seemed to twitch.
“You… you mean to say that your economic projections allowed for another three systems worth of beings?” he stuttered out. Hiram merely nodded back.
It seemed that Marco was some sort of exasperated, looking between Rory, the tablets that Marco was holding, Hiram, and around the room in general, as though trying to make sense of it all. It wasn’t until the fabricator stopped humming and Mac withdrew his tray of various foods and a tall glass of steaming green liquid and sat down next to Rory that Marco seemed to find words again.
“How, in the names of the ancestors, did you manage to get those projections and did you get that sort of additional production capacity?” Marco finally asked.
“Imperial Intelligence doesn’t tell me everything and I’m rather grateful that they don’t,” Mac replied simply, opting to manipulate his food with his fingers instead of the provided utensils that the fabricator had appended automatically.
“But production capacity doesn’t just happen,” Marco tried again.
Hiram picked up one of the tablets that Rory had been holding and scanned it for a long few moments, the only other major sounds being Mac’s consumption of lunch. Setting the tablet back on the table and going to the fabricator and taking a large beverage container from it, he looked back at Marco.
“I think you may have forgotten the deployment of the Gate Five fabricator. That should give you some of that margin and I think there’s probably also a little fudge-factor in the normal production figures. We don’t usually run them on the high end rate production, but if you’re not shifting templates, you can get another 4% on the rate. Most of the rest of your numbers are tied up in logistics, which we can’t do anything about, without unlocked printers available throughout Borlian territories, which is never going to happen with those Collective fabricators,” Hiram said, as though giving a sort of lecture.
Marco just looked agog. It wasn’t that he was a poor Borlian representative, but in his previous career as a civil servant, he had been little more than a placeholder, allowing for him to act in almost any capacity to ensure that work continued but with never enough time in any one role to allow him to excel at it. And yet here, he felt as though Hiram were a sort of master of the numbers, grasping some of these facts and figures as though they were little more than minor puzzles of no real consequence, instead of the lives and food that they represented.
“Did we ever look into repurposing those Collective fabricators?” Mac asked.
“I wouldn’t doubt it, but if we’re deploying all of our own, that probably means it was going to be too much effort to rebuild those Collective fabricators to accept all of our production templates. And for all the effort that would go into delivering the part pieces for the Collective fabricator rebuilds, you’re better off just taking a larger scale fabricator and running off smaller ones from there,” Hiram said, sipping at his beverage.
At this point, one of the other doors to the common area opened and the short green scaled Blingoth Oorak came trotting out. She wandered straight over to Mac.
“Oooo lunch. Perfect timing,” she said, grabbing a bowl of greens from the tray.
“Hey! I was going to eat that,” Mac protested.
“Oh please. You and I both know you don’t like veggies,” she shot back, an amused look across her face.
Mac reached over and pulled on her tail just enough that she sat down next to him rather abruptly.
“If you two are going to act like newly weds, you could at least get a room,” Hiram faux protested.
Mac and Oorak rolled their eyes, almost simultaneously, and continued eating.
“How are things going back in the Ross System?” Hiram probed.
“Better. There’s still some animosity between the Blingoths and the humans, but from what you all have taught me, that’s probably never going to do away,” she said, between bites.
“True enough. Rossians especially,” Mac said, perhaps a bit more direct and quieter than he might have liked.
The relief of the Captain by Commander Titanus and Mac had been weighing heavily on Mac, most particularly as the Captain was his ex-wife, who came from the Ross System. But apparently, the Empress herself had gotten involved in figuring out how it was that the captain had been even assigned to the diplomatic vessel. That usually meant some kind of major shake-up on levels that tended to make governments shudder and crack if not properly handled.
“But they’re doing ok. They’re still adjusting to human society. It’s so much different from Blingoth that just talking them through some of the cultural faux pas are more than a little tiring and I’m not even certain I understand it all myself,” she continued, finishing her bowl of veggies.
They sat in silence for a bit as Mac finished eating and drained much of the steaming glass of green liquid in two gulps.
“Well, that’s the thing. Even humans can’t tell you everything about human culture, so you’re probably doing just fine,” Hiram said, sitting down next to Marco, still sipping at his beverage.
“True enough,” Mac said, smiling a bit before he realized that Oorak was poking his side with her tail tip.
He looked at her, intrigued. She smiled, failing to hide her motives from anyone.
“You’ve got an hour and a half before your next holo presence call, Mac,” Hiram said.
Mac stood up and followed Oorak to their quarters.
“Work, work, work,” he murmured just loudly enough that it sounded like complaining, but to an experienced human watcher like Rory was clearly sarcasm.
“So, let’s get those numbers fixed and those reports submitted and then we all can see about taking some of this afternoon to rest as well,” Hiram said, picking up one of the tablets from the table again and beginning to tap on it.
And somewhere in the midst of all of this, Marco remained confused.
___
[Book 2 Ch 1] [previous] [next]
submitted by arclightmagus to HFY [link] [comments]


2020.11.23 02:39 Test_bank_Solutions Stay at home, buy Solution Manual, and test bank 2020/2021 Gloria team

Stay at home, buy Solution Manual, and test bank 2020/2021 Gloria team

📷
If u need anything from the list, do contact us anytime, we provide competitive prices and fast delivery after payment is done.
hope to serve u again.
for contact:
[[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])
Whatsapp +1 (949) 734-4773

the list

Stay at home, buy Solution Manual, and test bank 2020/2021 Gloria team

📷
If u need anything from the list, do contact us anytime, we provide competitive prices and fast delivery after payment is done.
hope to serve u again.
for contact:
[[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])
Whatsapp +1 (949) 734-4773

the list
Entrepreneurial Finance, 4th Edition J. Chris Leach, Ronald W. Melicher Instructor’s Manual
Entrepreneurial Finance, 4th Edition J. Chris Leach, Ronald W. Melicher Test Bank No answer
Entrepreneurial Finance, 5E Philip J. Adelman, Alan M. Marks, IM + Test Bank
Entrepreneurial Finance, 6th Edition J. Chris Leach, Ronald W. Melicher Instructor Manual
Entrepreneurial Finance, 6th Edition J. Chris Leach, Ronald W. Melicher Test Bank
Entrepreneurial Finance, 6th Edition Philip J. Adelman, Alan M. Marks, Test Bank TG.
Entrepreneurial Finance, 6th EditionJ. Chris Leach, Ronald W. Melicher Test Bank
Entrepreneurship 2e Bygrave Zacharakis Test Bank
Entrepreneurship A Process Perspective, 1st EditionRobert A. Baron, Scott A. Shane, Becky Reuber Test Bank
Entrepreneurship A Process Perspective, 2nd Edition Robert A. Baron, Scott A. Shane Test Bank
Entrepreneurship and Effective Small Business Management, 11E Norman M. Scarborough,Jeffrey R. Cornwall, Test Bank
Entrepreneurship Starting and Operating a Solution Manualall Business 2E Steve Mariotti, Caroline Glackin, Instructor Manual
Entrepreneurship Starting and Operating a Solution Manualall Business, 3E Steve Mariotti, Caroline Glackin Instructor?s Manual
Entrepreneurship Starting and Operating a Solution Manualall Business, 3E Steve Mariotti, Caroline Glackin Instructor_s Manual
Entrepreneurship Starting and Operating a Solution Manualall Business, 3E Steve Mariotti, Caroline Glackin Test Bank
Entrepreneurship Successfully Launching New Ventures Global Edition, 4EBruce R BarringerDuane Ireland Instructor’s Manual
Entrepreneurship Successfully Launching New Ventures, 3E by Bruce Barringer , Duane Ireland Test Bank
Entrepreneurship Successfully Launching New Ventures, 4E Bruce R. Barringer Duane Ireland IM with cases +Guide
Entrepreneurship Successfully Launching New Ventures, 4E Bruce R. Barringer Duane Ireland Test Bank
Entrepreneurship Successfully Launching New Ventures, 5E Bruce R. Barringer, R. Duane Ireland, Test Bank
Entrepreneurship Successfully Launching New Ventures, 6E Bruce R. Barringer, R. Duane Ireland, Test Bank
Entrepreneurship Successfully Launching New Ventures, 6th Edition Bruce R. Barringer, R. Duane Ireland Test Bank,
Entrepreneurship The Art, Science, and Process for Success, 3e Charles E. Bamford, Garry D. Bruton, Instructor’s Manual
Entrepreneurship The Art, Science, and Process for Success, 3e Charles E. Bamford, Garry D. Bruton, Test Bank
Entrepreneurship Theory, Process, and Practice , 10th Edition Donald F. Kuratko Test Bank
Entrepreneurship Theory, Process, and Practice , 10th Edition Donald F. Kuratko Test Bank
Entrepreneurship Theory, Process, and Practice , 10th Edition Donald F. Kuratko Test Bank.
Entrepreneurship Theory, Process, and Practice 8e Donald Kuratko Test Bank
Entrepreneurship Theory, Process, and Practice, 10th Edition Donald F. Kuratko Instructor solution Manual
Entrepreneurship Theory, Process, and Practice, 9th Edition Donald F. Kuratko Test Bank
Entrepreneurship, 4th Edition Zacharakis, Bygrave, Corbett instructor Case Teaching Notes
Entrepreneurship, 4th Edition Zacharakis, Bygrave, Corbett Test Bank
Entrepreneurship, 4th Edition Zacharakis, Bygrave, Corbett Test Bank + Case Teaching Notes
Entrepreneurship, Canadian Edition Bygrave, Zacharakis, Wise Test Bank
Entrepreneurship, Canadian Edition Bygrave, Zacharakis, Wise Test Bank + Solution Manual
Entrepreneurship,3rd Edition by Bygrave, Zacharakis Cases+ outlines
Entrepreneurship,3rd Edition by Bygrave, Zacharakis Test Bank
Entrepreneurship: Owning Your Future, High School Version, 12th Edition Fdntn for teaching entpr NFTE ©2016 Test Bank
Entrepreneurship: Successfully Launching New Ventures, 5th Edition Bruce R. Barringer,R. Duane Ireland,©2016 Instructor Solution Manual + Test Bank
ENTREPRENEURSHIP: The Art, Science, and Process for Success 3rd Edition By Charles Bamford and Garry Bruton © 2019 Test Bank + Solution Manual
Environment and You Norman Christensen Instructor Manual
Environment and You Norman Christensen Test Bank
Environment and You, The, 2nd Edition Norm Christensen, Lissa Leege, Test Bank
Environment and You, The, 2nd Edition Norm Christensen, Lissa Leege, Test Bank TG
Environment The Science behind the Stories with Mastering Environmental Science?, 4E Jay H. Withgott Scott R. Brennan Test Bank
Environment The Science Behind the Stories, 2E Second Canadian Edition Scott R. Brennan,Barbara Murck, Test Bank
Environment The Science Behind the Stories, 5th Edition Jay H. Withgott,Matthew Laposata, Test Bank
Environment The Science Behind the Stories, Canadian Edition, with MyEnvironmentPlace Jay H. Withgott, Scott R. Brennan, Barbara Murck TG
Environment, 8th Edition Raven, Hassenzahl, Berg Instructor?s Manual
Environment, 8th Edition Raven, Hassenzahl, Berg Test Bank
Environmental & Natural Resource Economics, 8E Tom Tietenberg, Lynne Lewis, Instructor’s Manual
Environmental Economics and Management Theory, Policy and Applications, 5th Edition Scott J. Callan, Janet M. Thomas Instructor Manual
Environmental Economics and Management Theory, Policy, and Applications, 6th EditionScott J. Callan, Janet M. Thomas Test Bank
Environmental Engineering Fundamentals, Sustainability, Design, 2nd Edition Mihelcic, Zimmerman Solutions Manual
Environmental Geology , 3e James Reichard Test Bank
Environmental Geology , 3e James Reichard, Instructor Solution Manual
Environmental Geology , 3e James Reichard, Test Bank
Environmental Geology 3rd Edition By Jim Reichard and Edgar Spencer © 2018 Test Bank + Solution Manual
Environmental Geology, 10e Carla W. Montgomery, Test Bank
Environmental Organic Chemistry, 3rd Edition Schwarzenbach, Gschwend, Imboden Instructor’s Solutions Manual ( Miss some chapters )
Environmental Organic Chemistry, 3rd Edition Schwarzenbach, Gschwend, Imboden Solution Manual
Environmental Organic Chemistry, 3rd Edition Schwarzenbach, Gschwend, Imboden: Instructor’s Solutions Manual
Environmental Science 13e Tyler Miller Scott Spoolman Test Bank
Environmental Science 14th Edition By William Cunningham and Mary Cunningham © 2018 Test Bank + Solution Manual
Environmental Science 15th Edition By Eldon Enger and Bradley Smith © 2019 Test Bank + Solution Manual
Environmental Science for Essentials of Ecology 8th Edition G. Tyler Miller Jr. , Scott Spoolman , © 2018 , Test Bank and Instructor Solution Manual
Environmental Science Toward a Sustainable Future , 12E Richard T. Wright, Dorothy Boorse Test Bank
Environmental Science, 13th Edition G. Tyler Miller Jr., Scott Spoolman Instructor Manual
Environmental Science, 14e Eldon D. Enger, Bradley F. Smith Test Bank
Environmental Science, 15th Edition G. Tyler Miller Jr., Scott Spoolman Instructor’s Manual
Environmental Science, 15th Edition G. Tyler Miller Jr., Scott Spoolman Test Bank
Environmental Science, 16th Edition G. Tyler Miller Jr., Scott Spoolman © 2019 , Test Bank and Instructor Solution Manual
Environmental Sciences:
epByStep Field Engineering Methods Manual 2nd Ed. by Crawford
epByStep Field Engineering Methods Manual 3rd Ed. by Crawford
ErrataInstructor?s Solutions ManualIntroduction to Electrodynamics, 3rd edAuthor David GriffithsDate September 1, 2004
Error Control Coding, 2E Shu Lin, Daniel J. Costello
ESL & ELT\
Essential Biochemistry, 3rd Edition Pratt, Cornely Solution Manual + Cases
Essential Biochemistry, 3rd Edition Pratt, Cornely Test Bank
Essential Biochemistry, 4th Edition Pratt, Cornely Solution Manual
Essential Biochemistry, 4th Edition Pratt, Cornely Test Bank
Essential Biochemistry, 4th Edition Pratt, Cornely Test Bank
Essential Biochemistry, 4th Edition Pratt, Cornely Test Bank + Solution Manual
Essential College Physics Andrew Rex, Richard Wolfson Instructor Manual
Essential College Physics Andrew Rex, Richard Wolfson Solution manual
Essential College Physics Andrew Rex, Richard Wolfson Test Bank
Essential Cosmic Perspective, The, 8E O. Bennett, O. Donahue, Schneider, Voit, Test Bank
Essential CoSolution manualic Perspective 7E O. Bennett, O. Donahue, Schneider, Voit, Test Bank TG
Essential CoSolution Manualic Perspective with MasteringAstronomy, The, 6E Jeffrey O. Bennett, Megan O Donahue, Nicholas O Schneider, Mark Voit Test Bank
Essential Elements of Public Speaking, The, 3E Joseph A. DeVito Test Bank
Essential Environment The Science behind the Stories, 3E Jay H. Withgott Scott R. Brennan Test Bank
Essential Environment The Science behind the Stories, 3E Jay H. Withgott Scott R. BrennaTG
Essential Environment The Science behind the Stories, 3E Jay H. Withgott Scott R. BrennaTG 2
Essential Environment The Science behind the Stories, 4E Jay H. Withgott, Matthew Laposata Test Bank
Essential Environment The Science Behind the Stories, 5th Edition Jay H. Withgott,Matthew Laposata, Test Bank
Essential Environment The Science Behind the Stories, 5th Edition Jay H. Withgott,Matthew Laposata, Test Bank TG
Essential Mathematics for Economic Analysis, 3EKnut Sydsaeter,Peter Hammond Instructors Manual
Essential Mathematics for Economics and Business, 3rd Edition Bradley Instructor’s Manual+Solutions to Excel Exercises+Solutions to Progress Exercises
Essential Mathematics for Economics and Business, 4th Edition Bradley Instructor Solution Manual
Essential Mathematics for Economics and Business, 4th Edition Bradley Instructor Manual
Essential Mathematics for Economics and Business, 4th Edition Bradley Test Bank
Essentials of Abnormal Psychology 8th Edition David H. Barlow , Stefan G. Hofmann , © 2019 , Test Bank and Instructor Solution Manual
Essentials of Abnormal Psychology, 6th Edition V. Mark Durand, David H. Barlow Instructor’s Manual
Essentials of Abnormal Psychology, 6th Edition V. Mark Durand, David H. Barlow Test Bank
Essentials of Abnormal Psychology, 7th Edition V. Mark Durand, David H. Barlow Test Bank
Essentials of Abnormal Psychology, 8th Edition V. Mark Durand, David H. Barlow, Stefan G. Hofmann Test Bank
Essentials of Accounting for Governmental and NotforProfit Organizations 10e Paul A. Copley Solution Manual
Essentials of Accounting for Governmental and NotforProfit Organizations 10e Paul A. Copley Solution Manual +Test Bank
Essentials of Accounting for Governmental and Not-for-Profit Organizations, 13e Paul A. Copley Test Bank
Essentials of Accounting for Governmental and NotforProfit Organizations, 9th Edition by Paul A. Copley Solution Manual
Essentials of American Government Roots and Reform, 2012 Election Edition, 11th Edition Karen J. O’Connor, Larry J. Sabato,Alixandra B. Yanus IM
Essentials of American Government Roots and Reform, 2012 Election Edition, 11th Edition Karen J. O’Connor, Larry J. Sabato,Alixandra B. Yanus Test Bank
Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology 5th Edition Frederic H. Martini, Edwin F. Bartholomew Test Bank.
Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology 7th Edition By Jason LaPres © 2019 Test Bank + Solution Manual
Essentials of Biology , 5e Sylvia S. Mader Michael Windelspecht Test Bank
Essentials of Biology Companion Site, 4e Sylvia S. Made rMichael Windelspecht Test Bank.
Essentials of Business Analytics, 1ste D. Camm, J. Cochran, Michael J. Fry, W. Ohlmann, R. Anderson, J. Sweeney, A. Williams
Essentials of Business Communication, 10th Edition Mary Ellen Guffey, Dana Loewy Test Bank
Essentials of Business Communication, 11th Edition Mary Ellen Guffey, Dana Loewy © 2019 , Test Bank and Instructor Solution Manual
Essentials of Business Communication, 7th Edition Mary Ellen Guffey Instructor Manual
Essentials of Business Communication, 7th Edition Mary Ellen Guffey Test Bank
Essentials of Business Communication, 8th Edition Mary Ellen Guffey IM
Essentials of Business Communication, 8th Edition Mary Ellen Guffey Test Bank
Essentials of Business Law 10th Edition By Anthony Liuzzo and Ruth Calhoun Hughes © 2019 Test Bank + Solution Manual
Essentials of Business Law 6th Edition Jeffrey F. Beatty , Susan S. Samuelson , Patricia Sanchez Abril , © 2019 , Test Bank and Instructor Solution Manual
Essentials of Business Law and the Legal Environment , 13th Edition Richard A. Mann Barry S. Roberts Test Bank
Essentials of Business Law and the Legal Environment , 13th Edition Richard A. Mann; Barry S. Roberts Test Bank
Essentials of Business Law and the Legal Environment 13th Edition Richard A. Mann , Barry S. Roberts , © 2019 , Test Bank and Instructor Solution Manual
Essentials of Business Law and the Legal Environment, 10th Edition Richard A. Mann, Barry S. Roberts IM
Essentials of Business Law and the Legal Environment, 10th Edition Richard A. Mann, Barry S. Roberts Test Bank
Essentials of Business Law and the Legal Environment, 11th Edition Richard A. Mann, Barry S. Roberts Instructor Manual
Essentials of Business Law and the Legal Environment, 11th Edition Richard A. Mann, Barry S. Roberts Test Bank
Essentials of Business Law and the Legal Environment, 12th Edition Richard A. Mann, Barry S. Roberts Test Bank.
Essentials of Business Law, 4th EditionJeffrey F. Beatty, Susan S. Samuelson Test Bank
Essentials of Business Law, 5th Edition Jeffrey F. Beatty, Susan S. Samuelson Instructor’s Manual
Essentials of Business Law, 5th Edition Jeffrey F. Beatty, Susan S. Samuelson Test Bank
Essentials of Business Processes and Information Systems Magal, Word Test Bank
Essentials of Business Processes and Information Systems Magal, Word IM + Test Bank
Essentials of Chemical Reaction Engineering H. Scott Fogler Solution manual
Essentials of Children’s Literature, 7E Carol LynchBrown, Carl M. Tomlinson, Kathy G. Short, Instructor’s Resource Manual and Test Bank
Essentials of College Algebra 10e Lial Hornsby Schneider instructor guide +Test bank
Essentials of College Algebra 10e Lial Hornsby Schneider Solution Manual
Essentials of College Physics 1e Raymond Serway Test Bank
Essentials of Contemporary Business, 1st Edition by Louis E. Boone and David L. Kurtz. Instructor Manual +Cases+guide
Essentials of Contemporary Business, 1st Edition by Louis E. Boone and David L. Kurtz. Test Bank
Essentials of Contemporary Management 8th Edition By Gareth Jones and Jennifer George © 2019 Test Bank + Solution Manual
Essentials of Contemporary Management, 4th Edition by Gareth R Jones, Jennifer M George Test Bank
Essentials of Contemporary Management, 8e Gareth R. Jones, Jennifer M. George, Test Bank
Essentials of Corporate Finance 6e RossTest Bank
Essentials of Corporate Finance 6e RossTest Bank 2
Essentials of Corporate Finance Connect, 3e Australian and New Zealand edition Ross, Trayler, Bird, Westerfield, Jordan, Solution manual + Excel Solution Manual + Cases
Essentials of Corporate Finance Connect, 3e Australian and New Zealand edition Ross, Trayler, Bird, Westerfield, Jordan, Test Bank
Essentials of Corporate Finance Parrino, Kidwell, Bates IM+Solution Manual+Excel
Essentials of Corporate Finance Parrino, Kidwell, Bates Test Bank
Essentials of Corporate Finance, 7th Edition by Stephen A. Ross, Randolph W Westerfield, Bradford D Jordan Test BanK
Essentials of Corporate Finance, 7th Edition by Stephen A. Ross, Randolph W Westerfield, Bradford D Jordan Solutions Manual
Essentials of Corporate Finance, ME Edition Ross, 1st Test Bank
Essentials of Economics 3E Glenn P. Hubbard, Anthony P. O’Brien (Test Bank)
Essentials of Economics 1st Edition by Dirk Mateer , Lee Coppock , Brian ORoark , Test Bank ( Norton publisher )
Essentials of Economics 1st Edition by Dirk Mateer , Lee Coppock , Brian O’Roark , Instructor manual ( Norton publisher )
Essentials of Economics 4th Edition By Stanley Brue and Campbell McConnell and Sean Flynn © 2019 Test Bank + Solution Manual
Essentials of Economics 8th Edition N. Gregory Mankiw , © 2018 , Test Bank and Instructor Solution Manual
Essentials of Economics, 4e Stanley L. Brue, Campbell R. McConnell, Sean M. Flynn, Test Bank
Essentials of Economics, 5E R. Glenn Hubbard, Anthony Patrick O’Brien Test Bank,
Essentials of Economics, 5th Edition N. Gregory Mankiw
Essentials of Economics, 5th Edition N. Gregory Mankiw im
Essentials of Economics, 5th Edition N. Gregory Mankiw Test Bank
Essentials of Economics, 5th Edition R. Glenn Hubbard,Anthony Patrick O’Brien,©2017 Instructor Solution Manual + Test Bank
Essentials of Entrepreneurship and Small Business Management, 9th Edition Norman M. Scarborough, Jeffrey R. Cornwall, Instructor solution manual
Essentials of Entrepreneurship and Small Business Management, 9th Edition Norman M. Scarborough, Jeffrey R. Cornwall, Test Bank
Essentials of Entrepreneurship and Solution Manualall Business Management Test Bank im
Essentials of Entrepreneurship and Solution Manualall Business Management 7e Norman Scarborough IM+Test Bank
Essentials of Entrepreneurship and Solution Manualall Business Management 7e Norman Scarborough Test Bank
Essentials of Entrepreneurship and Solution Manualall Business Management, 6E Norman M. Scarborough IM
Essentials of Entrepreneurship and Solution Manualall Business Management, 6E Norman M. Scarborough Test Bank
Essentials of Entrepreneurship and Solution Manualall Business Management, 8th Edition Norman M. Scarborough Jeffrey R. Cornwall, Test Bank
Essentials of Federal Taxation 1e Spilker Ayers Robinson Barrick Weaver Solution Manual +IM
Essentials of Fluid Mechanics Fundamentals and Applications, 1st Ed., by Cengel & Cimbala Solution Manual
Essentials of Geology Plus Mastering Geology Card Package, 11E Lutgens Tarbuck Tasa Test Bank
Essentials of Geology, 13E K. Lutgens , J. Tarbuck, G. Tasa, Instructor Solution Manual
Essentials of Geology, 13E K. Lutgens , J. Tarbuck, G. Tasa, Test Bank
Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology 12E Elaine N. Marieb, Suzanne M. Keller, Test Bank
Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology with Essentials of InterActive Physiology CDROM, 9E Elaine N. Marieb, Holyoke Community College Test Bank
Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology, 10E Elaine N. Marieb, Test Bank TG
Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology, Global Edition, 11E Elaine N. Marieb, Instructor’s Guide
Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology, Global Edition, 11E Elaine N. Marieb, Test Bank
Essentials of Human Communication, 8E Joseph A. DeVito Instructor Manual and Test Bank
Essentials of International Economics 2nd edition by feenstra Test Bank
Essentials of Investment Bodie, 9th Finance Europe Solution Manual
Essentials of Investment Bodie, 9th Finance Europe Test Bank
Essentials of Investments 7th edition Zvi Bodie Alex Kane, Alan marcus test bank
Essentials of Investments 8e Zvi Bodie Solution Manual + Test Bank
Essentials of Investments 8e Zvi Bodie Test Bank
Essentials of Investments Global Edition, 9e Zvi BodieAlex Kane Alan J. Marcus instructor solution manual
Essentials of Investments Global Edition, 9e Zvi BodieAlex Kane Alan J. Marcus Test Bank
Essentials of Life-Span Development 5th Edition By John Santrock © 2018 Test Bank + Solution Manual
Essentials of Management Information Systems, 8E Jane Laudon Kenneth Laudon Test Bank
Essentials of Management Information Systems, 8E Jane Laudon Kenneth Laudon Dirt Bike Running
Essentials of Management Information Systems, 8E Jane Laudon Kenneth Laudon HandsOn MIS Application Solution File
Essentials of Management Information Systems, 8E Jane Laudon Kenneth Laudon IM
Essentials of Management Information Systems, 9E Kenneth Laudon Jane Laudon Test Bank
Essentials of Management Information Systems, 9E Kenneth Laudon Jane Laudon Test Bank 2
Essentials of Management, 8th Edition Andrew J. DuBrin IM wTest Bank
Essentials of Management, 9th Edition Andrew J. DuBrin Test Bank
Essentials of Managerial Finance 14th EditionScott Besley Eugene F Brigham IM & Test Bank & SP
Essentials of Managerial Finance 14th EditionScott Besley Eugene F Brigham instructor manual
Essentials of Managerial Finance, 14th EditionScott Besley Eugene F. Brigham instructor manual
Essentials of Managerial Finance, 14th EditionScott Besley Eugene F. Brigham instructor manual
Essentials of Managerial Finance, 14th EditionScott Besley Eugene F. Brigham spreadsheet problem solutions
Essentials of Managerial Finance, 14th EditionScott Besley Eugene F. Brigham test bank
Essentials of Managing Human Resources, 6th CND Edition Eileen Stewart, Melanie Peacock, Monica Belcourt, George W. Bohlander, Scott A. Snell Test Bank
Essentials of Marketing 16th Edition By William Perreault, Jr. and Joseph Cannon and E. Jerome McCarthy © 2019 Test Bank + Solution Manual
Essentials of Marketing Research A HandsOn Orientation 1e Naresh K. Malhotra Solution Manual
Essentials of Marketing Research, 2e Kumar IM wTest Bank + Cases
Essentials of Marketing Research, 4th Edition William G. Zikmund, Barry J. Babin Test Bank
Essentials of Marketing Research, 6th Edition Barry J. Babin, William G. Zikmund Instructor Manual
Essentials of Marketing Research, 6th Edition Barry J. Babin, William G. Zikmund Test Bank
Essentials of marketing research, global edition , Naresh K. Malhotra Test Bank
Essentials of Marketing, 12th Edition by William D. Perreault, Joseph P. Cannon, E. Jerome McCarthy Test Bank
Essentials of Marketing, 3E Frances Brassington , Stephen Pettitt Instructor solution manual
Essentials of Marketing, 3rd EditionDanaNicoleta Lascu, Kenneth E. Clow Test Bank
Essentials of Marketing, 7th Edition Charles W. Lamb, Joe F. Hair, Carl McDaniel Test Bank
Essentials of Meteorology An Invitation to the Atmosphere, 6th Edition C. Donald Ahrens Test Bank
Essentials of Meteorology: An Invitation to the Atmosphere, 8th Edition C. Donald Ahrens, Robert Henson, © 2018 , Test Bank and Instructor Solution Manual
Essentials of MIS Global Edition, 10E Kenneth Laudon Jane Laudon Test Bank
Essentials of MIS, 11th Edition Kenneth C. Laudon Jane P. Laudon Instructor SOlution Manual
Essentials of MIS, 11th Edition Kenneth C. Laudon Jane P. Laudon Test Bank
Essentials of MIS, 12E Kenneth C. Laudon, Jane P. Laudon,
Essentials of MIS, 12th Edition Kenneth C. Laudon Jane P. Laudon,©2017 Solution Manual + Instructor Solution Manual + Test Bank
Essentials of MIS, 12th Edition Kenneth C. Laudon, Jane P. Laudon, Instructor solution manual
Essentials of MIS, Global Edition, 11E Jane P. Laudon, Kenneth C. Laudon, Test Bank
Essentials of MISGlobal Edition 9E Kenneth LaudonJane Laudon Test Bank
Essentials of MISGlobal Edition , 9E Kenneth Laudon Jane Laudon IM
Essentials of Modern Business Statistics 4th Edition David R. Anderson, Dennis J. Sweeney, Thomas A. Williams test bank Test Bank
Essentials of Modern Business Statistics with Microsoft? Excel?, 5th EditionDavid R. Anderson, Dennis J. Sweeney, Thomas A. Williams Solution Manual
Essentials of Modern Business Statistics with Microsoft? Excel?, 5th EditionDavid R. Anderson, Dennis J. Sweeney, Thomas A. Williams Solutions to Case Problems
Essentials of Modern Business Statistics with Microsoft? Excel?, 5th EditionDavid R. Anderson, Dennis J. Sweeney, Thomas A. Williams Test Bank
Essentials of Modern Business Statistics with Microsoft® Excel® 7th Edition David R. Anderson , © 2018 , Test Bank and Instructor Solution Manual
Essentials of Modern Business Statistics with Microsoft® Excel®, 5th Edition David R. Anderson, Dennis J. Sweeney, Thomas A. Williams Test Bank
Essentials of Modern Business Statistics with Microsoft® Office Excel®, 7th R. Anderson, J. Sweeney, A. Williams, D. Camm, J. Cochran Solution Manual
Essentials of Negotiation, 6e Roy J. Lewicki, David M. Saunders, Bruce Barry, Test Bank.
Essentials of Negotiation, 6e Roy J. Lewicki, David M. Saunders, Bruce Barry, Instructor solution manual.
Essentials of Oceanography, 10E Alan P. Trujillo, Harold V. Thurman Test Bank
Essentials of Oceanography, 11th Edition Alan P. Trujillo,Harold V. Thurman, Test Bank
Essentials of Oceanography, 9E Alan P. Trujillo, Harold V. Thurman Test Bank
Essentials of Organizational Behavior 10e Robbins Test Bank
Essentials of Organizational Behavior 13th Edition Stephen P. Robbins, Timothy A. Judge, Test Bank
Essentials of Organizational Behavior An Evidence-Based Approach 1st Teresa Scandura Test Bank SAGE publisher
Essentials of Organizational Behavior An Evidence-Based Approach 1st Teresa Scandura Solution manual SAGE publisher
Essentials of Organizational Behavior, 11E Stephen P. Robbins, Timothy A. Judge Instructor’s Manual
Essentials of Organizational Behavior, 11E Stephen P. Robbins, Timothy A. Judge Test Bank
Essentials of Organizational Behavior, 11E Stephen P. Robbins, Timothy A. Judge Video Guide
Essentials of Organizational Behavior, 12E Stephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge Test Bank
Essentials of Organizational Behavior, 12E Stephen P. Robbins TInstructor Manualothy A. Judge ISolution manual
submitted by Test_bank_Solutions to u/Test_bank_Solutions [link] [comments]


2020.11.23 01:05 JFKeveryday Small wound(s) in the front of JFK's head - PART 2 - Dr. George Burkley, Kennedy’s personal physician; Malcolm Kilduff, White House press secretary

Skip to PART 3 - Tom Robinson, mortician
Back to CONTENTS
Back to PART 1.3
As JFK’s personal physician, Dr. George Burkley witnessed Kennedy’s body being handled at Parkland Hospital.
On the afternoon of 11/22/1963, White House press secretary Malcolm Kilduff appeared at a press conference held inside of Parkland:
MR. KILDUFF: President John F. Kennedy died at approximately 1:00 o'clock, Central Standard Time, today, here in Dallas. He died of a gunshot wound in the brain.
I have no other details regarding the assassination of the President.
[…]
MR. KILDUFF: The President was shot once, in the head.
[…]
Q. Mac, can we have a doctor?
MR. KILDUFF: Dr. Burkley told me it is a simple matter, Tom, of a bullet right through the head.
Kilduff pointed to the right side of his forehead.
(Video [video 2] [video 3])
According to transcript, the conference continued:
[…]
Q. Where did the shots come from?
MR. KILDUFF: They came from the right side.
[...]
Q. Can you say where the bullet entered his head, Mac?
MR. KILDUFF: It is my understanding that it entered in the temple, the right temple.
Q. Was it a rifle bullet?
Mr. KILDUFF: Yes it was apparently a rifle bullet.
(LBJ Library, Kilduff press conference, 11/22/1963, Transcript 1327B)
These words were repeated in the news media and attributed to Dr. Burkley himself. Other reports mentioned the “right temple” without being clear whether the information came from Kilduff/Burkley or another source.
On NBC, 11/22/1963, news anchor Chet Huntley announced “President Kennedy, we are now informed, was shot in the right temple. ‘It was a simple matter of a bullet right through the head’, said Dr. George Burkley, the White House medical officer” (Video, 56:15).
On KLIF Dallas radio, 11/22/1963, it was announced: “We're just looking at a new bulletin just arriving, Joe” “This late bulletin, the President was shot in the right temple. It was a simple matter of a bullet right through the head. This is a quote from Dr. George Burkley, the White House medical officer. The shooting occurred as the motorcade passed through downtown right near a grassy knoll at the street where the motorcade was moving along” (Audio, 2:14:42), “...Urgent call went out for neurosurgeons and blood, but it was too late. The President, shot in the left temple, died at 1 o’clock Dallas time, 2 PM eastern standard time” (Audio, 2:22:00), “It would be worth while, Joe, reviewing some of the details of the President's death. He was shot in the left temple. There is evidence that he lived for a while on his way to the hospital, his lips seemed to be moving normally, at least according to some reports. A single shot through the right temple took the life of the 46-year-old chief executive of the United States, third American president to be gunned down by slayer’s bullets” (Audio, 2:34:20), “...and then came this tragedy this morning when the President was gunned down by an assassin’s bullet, he was struck directly in the right temple. One bullet in the head, and the President is dead” (Audio, 2:38:00), “...President Kennedy shot in the right temple, and was apparently alive in the arms of his wife Jackie...” (Audio, 2:45:51), “The interior of the car was literally splattered with blood as the bullet ripped into the President’s right temple” (Audio, 2:49:56).
News reporter Seth Kantor wrote in his notes “intered right temple” (WC Vol. 20, Kantor Exhibit No. 3, p. 353).
Many newspapers reported from UPI: “President Kennedy was shot in the right temple. “It was a simple matter of a bullet right through the head,” said Dr. George Burkley, White House medical officer” (The Berkshire Eagle, 11/22/1963; Press and Sun-Bulletin, Evening Press, 11/22/1963; Port Huron Times Herald, 11/22/1963; The Washington Reporter, 11/22/1963; The News-Review 11/22/1963), “A single shot through the right temple took the life of the 46-year-old chief executive” (The Bend Bulletin, 11/22/1963; The Billings Gazette, 11/22/1963; The New Mexican, 11/22/1963; Santa Maria Times, 11/22/1963; The Daily Register 11/22/1963; Miami Herald, 11/23/1963), “President Kennedy was shot once in the head, in the right temple, today” (Boston Globe, 11/22/1963; The Morning Call, 11/23/1963), “President John F. Kennedy, who was assassinated with a bullet through his right temple yesterday...” (The Sentinel, 11/23/1963), "Oswald allegedly shot President Kennedy in the right temple with a rifle from a position on the upper floor of a building as the President passed in a motorcade below” (Eureka Humboldt Standard, 11/23/1963).
The New York Herald Tribune reportedDeath came at 2 p.m., EST, at Dallas' Parkland Hospital, approximately 40 minutes after he was hit by two rifle shots in the neck and in the right temple”.
The Washington Post reported “He was shot at 12:30 P.M. CST [...] by an assassin, who sent a rifle bullet crashing into his right temple”.
The Brimingman News reported “...The President fell face down on the back seat of his car, a bullet in his right temple and a bullet in his neck”.
Dr. Burkley never went on the record to clarify the “right temple” information.
Hours later, Burkley witnessed the autopsy at Bethesda Naval Hospital (WC D 7, p. 282; HSCA Vol. 7, p. 8 [text]). He authored the 11/23/1963 White House death certificate (ARRB MD 6). After the supplemental examination of the organs, Burkley had custody of the autopsy documents, photos, x-rays, and body specimens until 4/26/1965 (HSCA Vol. 7, p. 23, 3/29/1979, Medical Panel Report, Section III. Chain of Custody of the Materials Acquired During the Autopsy [text]).
Burkley was interviewed by William Manchester for his 1967 book The Death of a President. Manchester’s files on Burkley, among others, are stored by the Weslyan University library in Middletown, Connecticut, and are due to be sealed until 2067, 100 years after the publication of The Death of a President (Vanity Fair, 8/31/2009, A Clash of Camelots by Sam Kashner; Wesleyan Argus, 1/29/2010, *University To Unveil William Manchester Writings Amid Return of JFK Manuscript](http://wesleyanargus.com/2010/01/29/university-to-unveil-william-manchester-writings-amid-return-of-jfk-manuscript/) by Justin Pottle).
When interviewed on 10/17/1967 for the JFK Library in Boston, Massachusetts, Burkley was asked "Do your conclusions differ at all with the Warren report of the circumstances or cause of death?", and he replied "My conclusion in regard to the cause of death was the bullet wound which involved the skull. The discussion as to whether a previous bullet also enters into it, but as far as the cause of death the immediate cause was unquestionably the bullet which shattered the brain and the calvarium". Then, when asked "Do you agree with the Warren Report on the number of bullets that entered the President's body?", he replied "I would not care to be quoted on that". The interviewer did not mention any "discussion as to whether a previous bullet also enters" the head, Burkley raised the subject himself (Burkley, George C.: Oral History Interview - JFK #1, 10/17/1967 [text] [audio, 44:52]). A 3/18/1977 letter from Burkley's attorney Richard Sprague to the House Select Committee on Assassinations reads "...he had never been interviewed and he has information in the Kennedy assassination indicating that others besides Oswald must have participated" (HSCA 180-10086-10295). A HSCA report on a 8/17/1977 interview with Burkley reads "DR. BURKLEY said the doctors didn't section the brain and that if it had been done, it might be possible to prove whether or not there were two bullets. DR. BURKLEY thinks there was one but concedes the possibility of there having been two" (ARRB MD 19, p. 4-6 [text]). Burkley's 11/28/1978 affidavit to the HSCA said "Had the Warren Commission deemed to call me, I would have stated why I retained the brain and the possibility of two bullets having wounded President John F. Kennedy's brain would have been eliminated", "I directed the autopsy surgeons to do a complete autopsy and take the time necessary for completion. I supervised the autopsy and directed the fixation and retention of the brain for future study of the course of the bullet or bullets" (HSCA 180-10104-10271).
Burkley was mentioned in a story by Coast Guardsman George Barnum. When interviewed by researcher David Lifton on 8/20/1979, Barnum had in his possession a written account dated 11/29/1963. From Lifton's 1980 book Best Evidence:
[...Part IV, What, When, And Where?, Chapter 16. Chain of Possession: The Missing Link]
Next I called Barnum. He said that although he did remember there had been confusion, he could not recall the details.80 But Barnum didn’t have to rely on his memory for information about that night. He explained that when he reported back for duty after the funeral, his superior at Coast Guard Headquarters directed him to write a report. That officer’s interest was purely historical. He knew of someone associated with the Lincoln funeral who, years later, regretted not having created a contemporaneous record. Barnum was surprised to learn that his November 29, 1963 account, which he had saved primarily for his children’s benefit, contained details of interest to me.
[…Part VII, SYNTHESIS, Chapter 20. The X-rays and Photographs Reconsidered]
[...] In his November 29, 1963 account, Coast Guardsman George Barnum wrote that as the men were having sandwiches and coffee sometime after midnight, Admiral Burkley came in and talked to them, and said three shots had been fired, that the President had been hit by the first and third, and he described the trajectories of the two that struck:
"The first striking him in the lower neck and coming out near the throat. The second shot striking him above and to the rear of the right ear, this shot not coming out...."61
“This shot not coming out”? Was that part a mistake?
In 1982, Burkley had brief contact with researcher Henry Hurt. As summarized in Hurt’s 1986 book Reasonable Doubt:
[...p. 49, 3. Autopsy of the Century]
It is significant that Dr. Burkley had been with the President in Dallas, with him in the Parkland Hospital emergency room, with his body as it was flown east, and present during the autopsy. It is also significant that even though he was the only doctor present both at Parkland and at Bethesda, Dr. Burkley's testimony was never taken by the Warren Commission, nor was it taken later by the House Select Committee.66
In 1982 Dr. Burkley told the author in a telephone conversation that he believed that President Kennedy's assassination was the result of a conspiracy.67 This startling statement, after so long a silence, amplified an obscure exchange Dr. Burkley had in an oral-history interview on file at the Kennedy Library in Boston. [...]
[...]
*When he originally telephoned the author, Dr. Burkley expressed his willingness to discuss various matters concerning the assassination. He asked for a letter detailing the areas the author wished to discuss. Dr. Burkley acknowledged receipt of the letter with a letter of his own. Two months later, the author proposed a meeting with Dr. Burkley to discuss the points. The doctor responded with an abrupt refusal to discuss any aspect of the case.
Researcher Paul Hoch wrote, in the 5/31/1987 issue of his newsletter Echoes of Conspiracy, Vol. 9, No. 1:
Dr. Burkley's comments to Hurt may well not have been based on what he knew about the medical evidence, according to information recently provided to me. William Manchester, who interviewed Dr. Burkley five times from April 1964 through July 1966, told me that at that time Dr. Burkley said he did not believe in a conspiracy theory, and was emphatic on that point.
Also, Dr. Burkley recently told a relative of his that he did think that Oswald must have been part of a conspiracy, because the way he and his family lived and traveled was indicative of financial support. (This suspicion has been voiced by many people over the years, and the Warren Commission attempted to rebut in in Appendix XIV of the Report.) This relative also asked Dr. Burkley about Lifton's book when it was published; Dr. Burkley did not provide any clarification of the issues involved, nor did he indicate that he agreed with any of Lifton's analysis.
If there is more information to be obtained about what Dr. Burkley knew, it will probably have to come from existing documents, or as the result of an official inquiry by the Justice Department.
(Link [link 2])
Dr. Burkley passed away on 1/2/1991 (Washington Post, 1/4/1991; New York Times, 1/5/1991; St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 1/6/1991; LA Times, 1/7/1991; Arlingtoncemetery.net; Findagrave.com). From the public record so far, it looks like Burkley was indeed critical of the lone gunman hypothesis - just not in very clear terms. We may never know exactly what he was talking about when he mentioned the possibility of more than one bullet striking Kennedy’s head.
On 4/17/1991, Malcolm Kilduff talked to researcher Harrison Livingstone. When Livingstone said “As you know, the face was not damaged at all. No witness saw any damage to the head past the midline of the skull, forward of the right ear”, Kilduff replied “Forward of the right ear? No! Forward of the left ear, they did. I did. The bullet came in on the right side and exited the left side. What splatter there was”. Kilduff apparently meant “left” to mean the anatomical right, as he also said “...the left part of his forehead looked like—when I got over to the car—looked like two pounds of ground beef”, “The blow-out was in the left front. The Zapruder film shows that. Frames 313, 314, 315” (Livingstone, High Treason 2, 1992, p. 447, Chapter 21. The Presidential Party, Malcolm Kilduff). Sometimes people can misspeak or confuse anatomical language.
Kilduff may have told researcher Gary Mack that pointing to the right front of his head at the 11/22/1963 press conference was meant to signify the LARGE wound, not a small wound. As explained in Pat Speer’s online book A New Perspective on the Kennedy Assassination:
[...Chapter 18c: Reason to Doubt, By Way of Illustration]
Kilduff's subsequent statements to Gary Mack, in which he confirmed that when he pointed to his temple during the 11-22-63 press conference he was pointing to, in Mack's words, "where the big hole was on Kennedy's head." (Note: I can't remember where I got this quote from Mack...via an article, a taped interview, or a personal email. If you know the answer, please remind me. As it stands, I've tracked down a 12-29-99 post from Mack on the alt.assassination.JFK newsgroup in which he claims Kilduff told him but a month before that he didn't intend to specify the wound by the temple as an entrance or an exit in the 11-22-63 press conference, and that he was merely pointing out the location of the wound.)
Kilduff passed away on 3/3/2003 (UPI, 3/4/2003; New York Times, 3/5/2003; Washington Post, 3/5/2003; Arlingtoncemetery.net; Findagrave.com).
NEXT - PART 3 - Tom Robinson, mortician
submitted by JFKeveryday to JFKeveryday [link] [comments]


2020.11.21 09:05 fdwdvsv22 Pre Match Thread: Borussia Mönchengladbach Vs FC Augsburg Bundesliga Matchday #8 15:30 CET

All the important facts and worth knowing information about the foals' home match in the Bundesliga on Saturday (15:30) against FC Augsburg.
Spectators
The match against FC Augsburg must take place in front of empty stands in BORUSSIA-PARK. The reason for this is the current pandemic activity in Mönchengladbach. The incidence value, which describes how many new infections with the corona virus there have been per 100,000 inhabitants in a city over the past seven days, is currently 190 in Mönchengladbach.
The limit value of 35, which is relevant for spectator admission, has therefore already been permanently and very clearly exceeded in Mönchengladbach for several days.By excluding spectators, Borussia is thus complying with the relevant instructions of the city's health and public order office.
With effect from 2 November, the Federal Government and the Länder have decided on additional corona measures in view of the exponential infection dynamics. According to these measures, professional sporting events may only be held without spectators until the end of November.
Before the match
Borussia will refrain from playing the stadium anthem "Die Seele brennt" until further notice. The reason for this is an ongoing legal process with the authors of the song. Until the facts of the case are clarified, the song will therefore no longer be heard in the stadium programme at home matches.
Balance between Borussia and FC Augsburg
Prior to the 19th Bundesliga duel between the two teams, the balance speaks slightly in favour of the foals: Borussia won six of the previous encounters, Augsburg won five times. The majority of Bundesliga matches involving both teams ended in a draw (7).
VfL has been undefeated against FCA for seven matches (4 wins, 3 draws), Borussia won all three of the past three duels and scored ten goals in the process. The last Augsburg victory to date is four years ago (1-0 in Augsburg in December 2016). In BORUSSIA-PARK, however, the Fuggerstadters have not won for five and a half years (last time in May 2015 with a 3:1 victory).
Statistics
The last duel between the two clubs in Mönchengladbach was decided early: In October 2019, Borussia took the lead with three goals after less than a quarter of an hour - for VfL it was the earliest 3-0 lead since 1981, for FCA the earliest 3-0 deficit in its Bundesliga history. In the end it was 5:1 - the highest Bundesliga victory to date for foals under Marco Rose.
Borussia suffered two defeats this season away from home (in Dortmund and Leverkusen) and is still undefeated at home.
VfL scored seven goals in this Bundesliga season, which is equal to the top of the league with Leipzig. Augsburg, on the other hand, only scored once after the ball was at rest (only Bielefeld has not yet scored at all). FCA scored eight of their nine goals from the current game, the foals five so far.
Augsburg's coach Heiko Herrlich played for Borussia from 1993 to 1995. As a coach, Herrlich has met his former club six times (four times in the Bundesliga, twice in the DFB Cup) and won five times (with one defeat).
The foals now have four home games in a row within eleven days across all competitions: first against Augsburg, four days later in the UEFA Champions League against Donetsk, three days later against Schalke and again three days later in the "top class" against Inter Milan.
Referees
Due to the corona pandemic, the DFB will only appoint the team of referees at short notice.
Weather
On Saturday afternoon, temperatures in Mönchengladbach are expected to reach a maximum of 9 degrees. Sun and clouds will alternate, it should remain dry. A light breeze will blow from the south-west.
Transmission
Sky will broadcast the match live on Sky Sport Bundesliga HD 3 and UHD. Commentator of the match is Marcus Lindemann.
Source
Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)
submitted by fdwdvsv22 to fohlenelf [link] [comments]


2020.11.19 05:05 dclauch1990 The Treaty of Versailles

THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, THE BRITISH EMPIRE, FRANCE, ITALY AND JAPAN, these Powers being described in the present Treaty as the Principal Allied and Associated Powers,
BELGIUM, BOLIVIA, BRAZIL, CHINA, CUBA, ECUADOR, GREECE, GUATEMALA, HAITI, THE HEDJAZ, HONDURAS, LIBERIA, NICARAGUA, PANAMA, PERU, POLAND, PORTUGAL, ROUMANIA, THE SERB-CROAT-SLOVENE STATE, SIAM, CZECHOSLOVAKIA, RUSSIA, AND URUGUAY, these Powers constituting with the Principal Powers mentioned above the Allied and Associated Powers, of the one part;
And GERMANY of the other part;
BEARING IN MIND that on the request of the Imperial German Government an armistice was granted on 11 November 1918 to Germany by the Principal Allied and Associated Powers in order that a Treaty of Peace might be concluded with her, and
THE ALLIED AND ASSOCIATED POWERS being equally desirous that the war in which they were successively involved directly or indirectly and which originated in the declaration of war by Austria-Hungary on 28 July 1914 against Serbia, the declaration of war by Germany against Russia on 1 August 1914, and against France on 3 August 1914, and in the invasion of Belgium, should be replaced by a firm and durable peace.

Part I. The Covenant of the League of Nations

[M] Already handled in Trianon

Part II. Boundaries of Germany

The Boundaries of Germany

The boundaries of Germany will be determined as follows:
With Belgium
The frontier of 3 August 1914, from Luxemburg to Switzerland, with the inclusion of Eupen-Melmedy as described in Part III.
With Luxembourg
The frontier of 3 August 1914, from Belgium to France.
With France
The frontier of 18 July 1870, from Luxemburg to Switzerland with the inclusion of the Saar Basin.
With Poland
[m]Look at the map at the bottom
With Denmark
The frontier as it will be fixed from at the north bank of the Eider River from the North Sea to its junction with the Kiel Canal, then the north bank of the Kiel Canal to the Baltic Sea..
With South Germany
[m]Look at the map at the bottom

Part III. Political Clauses for Europe

South Germany

Germany renounces in favor of a South German state full ownership and sovereignty the territories south of the line described in Part II. Germany acknowledges and will respect strictly the independence of the South German state, within the frontiers which may be fixed in a Treaty between that State and the Principal Allied and Associated Powers; she agrees that this independence shall be inalienable, except with the consent of the Council of the League of Nations.

Posen Territory

Germany renounces in favor of Poland full ownership and sovereignty of the Posen Territory in accordance with the plebiscite of January 1919.

Masuria Territory

Germany renounces in favor of Poland full ownership and sovereignty of the Masuria territory.

West Prussia Territory

Germany renounces in favor Poland full ownership and sovereignty of the West Prussian territory as described on the maps attached.

Mandate of East Prussia

The Mandate of East Prussia will exist under Inter-Allied administration for 4 years when a referendum will be conducted to determine whether it becomes an independent nation or joins the German state.

Memel Territory

Germany renounces in favor Lithuania full ownership and sovereignty of the territory of Memel to the Neman River.

Schleswig

Germany renounces in favor Denmark full ownership and sovereignty of the territory of Schleswig, affixing the new border at the north bank of the Eider River from the North Sea to its junction with the Kiel Canal, then the north bank of the Kiel Canal to the Baltic Sea.

Luxembourg

Luxembourg renounces in favor France full ownership and sovereignty of the canton of Esch. Luxembourg will be placed under personal union with the King of Belgium and enter a federal union with Belgium.

Eupen-Malmedy

Germany renounces in favor Belgium full ownership and sovereignty of Eupen-Malmedy.

Mandate of the Rhineland

The Mandate of the Rhineland will exist under French administration for 15 years where a referendum will be conducted to determine whether the inhabitants wish to join with France, join Germany, maintain the present arrangement, or acquire independence.

The Saar Basin

Germany renounces in favor France full ownership and sovereignty of the Saar Basin.

Alsace-Lorraine

The territories which were ceded to Germany in accordance with the Preliminaries of Peace signed at Versailles on 26 February 1871, and the Treaty of Frankfort of 10 May 1871, are restored to French sovereignty as from the date of the Armistice of 11 November 1918. The provisions of the Treaties establishing the delimitation of the frontiers before 1871 shall be restored.
The railway and other bridges across the Rhine now existing within the limits of Alsace-Lorraine shall, as to all their parts and their whole length, be the property of the French State, which shall ensure their upkeep.

Austria

Germany acknowledges and will respect strictly the independence of Austria, within the frontiers which may be fixed in a Treaty between that State and the Principal Allied and Associated Powers; she agrees that this independence shall be inalienable, except with the consent of the Council of the League of Nations.

Czecho-Slovak State

Germany, in conformity with the action already taken by the Allied and Associated Powers, recognizes the complete independence of the Czecho-Slovak State which will include the autonomous territory of the Ruthenians to the south of the Carpathians. Germany hereby recognizes the frontiers of this State as determined by the Principal Allied and Associated Powers and the other interested States.
The old frontier as it existed on 3 August 1914, between Austria-Hungary and the German Empire will constitute the frontier between Germany and the Czecho-Slovak State.

Poland

Germany, in conformity with the action already taken by the Allied and Associated Powers, recognizes the complete independence of Poland, and renounces in her favor all rights and title over the territory bounded by the Baltic Sea, the eastern frontier of Germany as laid down in Article 27 of Part II (Boundaries of Germany).
Poland accepts and agrees to embody in a Treaty with the Principal Allied and Associated Powers such provisions as may be deemed necessary by the said Powers to protect the interests of inhabitants of Poland who differ from the majority of the population in race, language, or religion.
Poland further accepts and agrees to embody in a Treaty with the said Powers such provisions as they may deem necessary to protect freedom of transit and equitable treatment of the commerce of other nations.

Heligoland

Germany renounces in favor Britain full ownership and sovereignty of Heligoland Archipelago.

Russia and Russian States

Germany acknowledges and agrees to respect as permanent and inalienable the independence of all the territories which were part of the former Russian Empire on 1 August 1914. In accordance with the provisions of Article 259 of Part IX (Financial Clauses) and Article 292 of Part X (Economic Clauses) Germany accepts definitely the abrogation of the Brest-Litovsk Treaties and of all other treaties, conventions, and agreements entered into by her with the Maximalist Government in Russia. The Allied and Associated Powers formally reserve the rights of Russia to obtain from Germany restitution and reparation based on the principles of the present Treaty.
Germany undertakes to recognize the full force of all treaties or agreements which may be entered into by the Allied and Associated Powers with States now existing or coming into existence in future in the whole or part of the former Empire of Russia as it existed on 1 August 1914, and to recognize the frontiers of any such States as determined therein.

Germany

Germany acknowledges and agrees to respect the territorial and regional independence of the German people, and thereby agrees to respect their political sovereignty within a German nation.

Part IV. German Rights and Interests outside Germany

German Colonies

Germany renounces in favor of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers all her rights and titles over her oversea possessions.
The Government exercising authority over such territories may make such provisions as it thinks fit with reference to the repatriation from them of German nationals and to the conditions upon which German subjects of European origin shall, or shall not, be allowed to reside, hold property, trade or exercise a profession in them.
Germany hereby undertakes to pay, in accordance with the estimate to be presented by the French Government and approved by the Reparation Commission, reparation for damage suffered by French nationals in the Cameroons or the frontier zone by reason of the acts of the German civil and military authorities and of German private individuals during the period from 1 January 1900, to 1 August 1914.
Germany renounces all rights under the Conventions and Agreements with France of 4 November 1911, and 28 September 1912, relating to Equatorial Africa. She undertakes to pay to the French Government, in accordance with the estimate to be presented by that Government and approved by the Reparation Commission, all the deposits, credits, advances, etc., effected by virtue of these instruments in favor of Germany.
Germany undertakes to accept and observe the agreements made or to be made by the Allied and Associated Powers or some of them with any other Power with regard to the trade in arms and spirits, and to the matters dealt with in the General Act of Berlin of 26 February 1885, the General Act of Brussels of 2 July 1890, and the conventions completing or modifying the same.
The native inhabitants of the former German oversea possessions shall be entitled to the diplomatic protection of the Governments exercising authority over those territories.

South Seas Mandate

The South Seas Mandate will exist under Japanese administration and subject to yearly inspection by the League of Nations.

Samoa

Germany renounces in favor the United States full ownership and sovereignty of the territory of German Samoa.

China

Germany renounces in favor of China all benefits and privileges resulting from the provisions of the final Protocol signed at Peking on 7 September 1901, and from all annexes, notes and documents supplementary thereto. She likewise renounces in favor of China any claim to indemnities accruing thereunder subsequent to 14 March 1917.
From the coming into force of the present Treaty the High Contracting Parties shall apply, in so far as concerns them respectively:
(1) The Arrangement of 29 August 1902, regarding the new Chinese customs tariff;
(2) The Arrangement of 27 September 1905, regarding Whang-Poo, and the provisional supplementary Arrangement of 4 April 1912.
China, however, will no longer be bound to grant to Germany the advantages or privileges which she allowed Germany under these Arrangements.
Subject to the provisions of Section VIII of this Part, Germany cedes to China all the buildings, wharves and pontoons, barracks, forts, arms and munitions of war, vessels of all kinds, wireless telegraphy installations and other public property belonging to the German Government, which are situated or may be in the German Concessions at Tientsin and Hankow or elsewhere in Chinese territory.
It is understood, however, that premises used as diplomatic or consular residences or offices are not included in the above cession, and, furthermore, that no steps shall be taken by the Chinese Government to dispose of the German public and private property situated within the so-called Legation Quarter at Peking without the consent of the Diplomatic Representatives of the Powers which, on the coming into force of the present Treaty, remain Parties to the Final Protocol of 7 September 1901.
Germany undertakes to restore to China within twelve months from the coming into force of the present Treaty all the astronomical instruments which her troops in 1900–1901 carried away from China, and to defray all expenses which may be incurred in effecting such restoration, including the expenses of dismounting, packing, transporting, insurance and installation in Peking.
Germany agrees to the abrogation of the leases from the Chinese Government under which the German Concessions at Hankow and Tientsin are now held. China, restored to the full exercise of her sovereign rights in the above areas, declares her intention of opening them to international residence and trade. She further declares that the abrogation of the leases under which these concessions are now held shall not affect the property rights of nationals of Allied and Associated Powers who are holders of lots in these concessions.
Germany waives all claims against the Chinese Government or against any Allied or Associated Government arising out of the internment of German nationals in China and their repatriation. She equally renounces all claims arising out of the capture and condemnation of German ships in China, or the liquidation, sequestration or control of German properties, rights and interests in that country since 14 August 1917.
Germany renounces in favor of the Government of His Britannic Majesty the German State property in the British Concession at Shameen at Canton. She renounces in favour of the French and Chinese Governments conjointly the property of the German school situated in the French Concession at Shanghai.

Siam

Germany recognizes that all treaties, conventions and agreements between her and Siam, and all rights, title and privileges derived therefrom, including all rights of extraterritorial jurisdiction, terminated as from 22 July 1917.
All goods and property in Siam belonging to the German Empire or to any German State, with the exception of premises used as diplomatic or consular residences or offices, pass ipso facto and without compensation to the Siamese Government. The goods, property and private rights of German nationals in Siam shall be dealt with in accordance with the provisions of Part X (Economic Clauses) of the present Treaty.
Germany waives all claims against the Siamese Government on behalf of herself or her nationals arising out of the seizure or condemnation of German ships, the liquidation of German property, or the internment of German nationals in Siam. This provision shall not affect the rights of the parties interested in the proceeds of any such liquidation, which shall be governed by the provisions of Part X (Economic Clauses) of the present Treaty.

Liberia

Germany renounces all rights and privileges arising from the arrangements of 1911 and 1912 regarding Liberia, and particularly the right to nominate a German Receiver of Customs in Liberia. She further renounces all claim to participate in any measures whatsoever which may be adopted for the rehabilitation of Liberia.
Germany recognizes that all treaties and arrangements between her and Liberia terminated as from 4 August 1917.

Morocco

Germany renounces all rights, titles and privileges conferred on her by the General Act of Algeciras of 7 April 1906, and by the Franco-German Agreements of 9 February 1909, and 4 November 1911. All treaties, agreements, arrangements and contracts concluded by her with the Sherifian Empire are regarded as abrogated as from 3 August 1914.
In no case can Germany take advantage of these instruments and she undertakes not to intervene in any way in negotiations relating to Morocco which may take place between France and the other Powers.
Germany having recognized the French Protectorate in Morocco, hereby accepts all the consequences of its establishment, and she renounces the regime of the capitulations therein. This renunciation shall take effect as from 3 August 1914.

Egypt

Germany declares that she recognizes the Protectorate proclaimed over Egypt by Great Britain on 18 December 1914, and that she renounces the regime of the Capitulations in Egypt.
This renunciation shall take effect as from 4 August 1914.

Turkey and Bulgaria

Germany undertakes to recognise and accept all arrangements which the Allied and Associated Powers may make with Turkey and Bulgaria with reference to any rights, interests and privileges whatever which might be claimed by Germany or her nationals in Turkey and Bulgaria and which are not dealt with in the provisions of the present Treaty.

Shantung

Germany renounces, in favour of Japan, all her rights, title and privileges particularly those concerning the territory of Kiaochow, railways, mines and submarine cableswhich she acquired in virtue of the Treaty concluded by her with China on 6 March 1898, and of all other arrangements relative to the Province of Shantung. All German rights in the Tsingtao–Tsinanfu railway, including its branch lines together with its subsidiary property of all kinds, stations, shops, fixed and rolling stock, mines, plant and material for the exploitation of the mines, are and remain acquired by Japan, together with all rights and privileges attaching thereto. The German State submarine cables from Tsingtao to Shanghai and from Tsingtao to Chefoo, with all the rights, privileges and properties attaching thereto, are similarly acquired by Japan, free and clear of all charges and encumbrances.
The movable and immovable property owned by the German State in the territory of Kiaochow, as well as all the rights which Germany might claim in consequence of the works or improvements made or of the expenses incurred by her, directly or indirectly, in connection with this territory, are and remain acquired by Japan, free and clear of all charges and encumbrances.

Part V. Military, Naval and Air Clauses

[M] As IRL but restricted to 5 Infantry and 2 Cavalry Divisions.
[M] South Germany shall likewise be restricted to 3 Infantry and 1 Cavalry Divisions.

Part VI. Prisoners of War and Graves

[M] Basically, everyone goes home, everyone agrees to respect memorials and graves

Part VII. Penalties

The Allied and Associated Powers publicly arraign William II of Hohenzollern, formerly German Emperor, for a supreme offence against international morality and the sanctity of treaties.
A special tribunal will be constituted to try the accused, thereby assuring him the guarantees essential to the right of defence. It will be composed of five judges, one appointed by each of the following Powers: namely, the United States of America, Great Britain, France, Italy and Japan.
In its decision the tribunal will be guided by the highest motives of international policy, with a view to vindicating the solemn obligations of international undertakings and the validity of international morality. It will be its duty to fix the punishment which it considers should be imposed.
The Allied and Associated Powers will address a request to the Government of the Netherlands for the surrender to them of the ex-Emperor in order that he may be put on trial.
The German Government recognizes the right of the Allied and Associated Powers to bring before military tribunals persons accused of having committed acts in violation of the laws and customs of war. Such persons shall, if found guilty, be sentenced to punishments laid down by law. This provision will apply notwithstanding any proceedings or prosecution before a tribunal in Germany or in the territory of her allies.
The German Government shall hand over to the Allied and Associated Powers, or to such one of them as shall so request, all persons accused of having committed an act in violation of the laws and customs of war, who are specified either by name or by the rank, office or employment which they held under the German authorities.
Persons guilty of criminal acts against the nationals of one of the Allied and Associated Powers will be brought before the military tribunals of that Power.
Persons guilty of criminal acts against the nationals of more than one of the Allied and Associated Powers will be brought before military tribunals composed of members of the military tribunals of the Powers concerned.
In every case the accused will be entitled to name his own counsel.

Part VIII. Reparation

[M] I'm not going to write all of this, but reparations will be determined by an International Economic Commission.

Part IX. Financial Clauses

[M] As IRL

Part X. Economic Clauses

[M] As IRL, except for...

International Economic Commission

The International Economic Commission for will be specially charged with the duty of assisting in the managing of the German and South German state budget, ensuring these states are capable of meeting reparation requirements.
The International Economic Commission may establish their organizations at the seat of the central German Government.

Part XI. Aerial Navigaton

[M] As IRL

Part XII. Ports, Waterways and Railways

Kiel Canal Mandate

The Kiel Canal will operate under Inter-Allied administration for a period of fifteen years. Revenue from operation of the canal will go towards reparations. A demilitarized zone will extend 15 miles south of the canal.

Part XIII. Labor

[M] as IRL

Part XIV Guarantees

Western Europe

As a guarantee for the execution of the present Treaty by Germany, the German territory situated to the west of the Rhine, together with the bridgeheads, will be occupied by Allied and Associated troops for a period of fifteen years from the coming into force of the present Treaty.
If the conditions of the present Treaty are faithfully carried out by Germany, the occupation referred to in Article 428 will be successively restricted as follows:
(i) At the expiration of five years there will be evacuated: the bridgehead of Cologne and the territories north of a line running along the Ruhr, then along the railway Jülich, Duren, Euskirchen, Rheinbach, thence along the road Rheinbach to Sinzig, and reaching the Rhine at the confluence with the Ahr; the roads, railways and places mentioned above being excluded from the area evacuated.
(ii) At the expiration of ten years there will be evacuated: the bridgehead of Coblenz and the territories north of a line to be drawn from the intersection between the frontiers of Belgium, Germany and Holland, running about from 4 kilometers south of Aix-la-Chapelle, then to and following the crest of Forst Gemünd, then east of the railway of the Urft valley, then along Blankenheim, Valdorf, Dreis, Ulmen to and following the Moselle from Bremm to Nehren, then passing by Kappel and Simmern, then following the ridge of the heights between Simmern and the Rhine and reaching this river at Bacharach; all the places valleys, roads and railways mentioned above being excluded from the area evacuated.
(iii) At the expiration of fifteen years there will be evacuated: the bridgehead of Mainz, the bridgehead of Kehl and the remainder of the German territory under occupation.
If at that date the guarantees against unprovoked aggression by Germany are not considered sufficient by the Allied and Associated Governments, the evacuation of the occupying troops may be delayed to the extent regarded as necessary for the purpose of obtaining the required guarantees.
In case either during the occupation or after the expiration of the fifteen years referred to above the Reparation Commission finds that Germany refuses to observe the whole or part of her obligations under the present Treaty with regard to reparation, the whole or part of the areas specified in the previous Article will be reoccupied immediately by the Allied and Associated forces.
If before the expiration of the period of fifteen years Germany complies with all the undertakings resulting from the present Treaty, the occupying forces will be withdrawn immediately.
All matters relating to the occupation and not provided for by the present Treaty shall be regulated by subsequent agreements, which Germany hereby undertakes to observe.

Eastern Europe

As a guarantee for the execution of the provisions of the present Treaty, by which Germany accepts definitely the abrogation of the Brest-Litovsk Treaty, and of all treaties, conventions and agreements entered into by her with the Maximalist Government in Russia, and in order to ensure the restoration of peace and good government in the Baltic Provinces and Lithuania, all German troops at present in the said territories shall return to within the frontiers of Germany as soon as the Governments of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers shall think the moment suitable, having regard to the internal situation of these territories. These troops shall abstain from all requisitions and seizures and from any other coercive measures, with a view to obtaining supplies intended for Germany, and shall in no way interfere with such measures for national defense as may be adopted by the Provisional Governments of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.
No other German troops shall, pending the evacuation or after the evacuation is complete, be admitted to the said territories.

Part XV Miscellaneous Provisions

Germany undertakes to recognize the full force of the Treaties of Peace and Additional Conventions which may be concluded by the Allied and Associated Powers with the Powers who fought on the side of Germany and to recognize whatever dispositions may be made concerning the territories of the former Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, of the Kingdom of Bulgaria and of the Ottoman Empire, and to recognize the new States within their frontiers as there laid down.
The High Contracting Parties declare and place on record that they have taken note of the Treaty signed by the Government of the French Republic on 17 July 1918 with His Serene Highness the Prince of Monaco defining the relations between France and the Principality.
The High Contracting Parties agree that, in the absence of a subsequent agreement to the contrary, the Chairman of any Commission established by the present Treaty shall in the event of an equality of votes be entitled to a second vote.
The Allied and Associated Powers agree that where Christian religious missions were being maintained by German societies or persons in territory belonging to them, or of which the government is entrusted to them in accordance with the present Treaty, the property which these missions or missionary societies possessed, including that of trading societies whose profits were devoted to the support of missions, shall continue to be devoted to missionary purposes. In order to ensure the due execution of this undertaking the Allied and Associated Governments will hand over such property to boards of trustees appointed by or approved by the Governments and composed of persons holding the faith of the Mission whose property is involved.
The Allied and Associated Governments, while continuing to maintain full control as to the individuals by whom the Missions are conducted, will safeguard the interests of such Missions.
Germany, taking note of the above undertaking, agrees to accept all arrangements made or to be made by the Allied or Associated Government concerned for carrying on the work of the said missions or trading societies and waives all claims on their behalf.
Without prejudice to the provisions of the present Treaty, Germany undertakes not to put forward directly or indirectly against any Allied or Associated Power, signatory of the present Treaty, including those which without having declared war, have broken off diplomatic relations with the German Empire, any pecuniary claim based on events which occurred at any time before the coming into force of the present Treaty.
The present stipulation will bar completely and finally all claims of this nature, which will be thenceforward extinguished, whoever may be the parties in interest.
Germany accepts and recognizes as valid and binding all decrees and orders concerning German ships and goods and all orders relating to the payment of costs made by any Prize Court of any of the Allied or Associated Powers, and undertakes not to put forward any claim arising out of such decrees or orders on behalf of any German national.
The Allied and Associated Powers reserve the right to examine in such manner as they may determine all decisions and orders of German Prize Courts, whether affecting the property rights of nationals of those Powers or of neutral Powers. Germany agrees to furnish copies of all the documents constituting the record of the cases, including the decisions and orders made, and to accept and give effect to the recommendations made after such examination of the cases.

Map of Germany

submitted by dclauch1990 to SWWP [link] [comments]


2020.11.14 14:26 -sup [DIPLOMACY] Revisiting the Compact

The Compact of Free Association was created by the United States and is now maintained and upheld by Laurentia, for the benefit of the Pacific Island nations of the Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, and Palau. The system has seen considerable success and popular support within these countries, alleviating a crippling social services burden off the local governments and increasing the quality of life of its citizens considerably.
With expanding Laurentian influence and rapid economic growth, the leaders of several south Pacific nations are invited to meet in Los Angeles for the purposes of revisiting and expanding COFA, both in its membership and terms. These nations are as follows:
All listed nations are invited to join (or rejoin) COFA under new terms, expanding the social security and defense infrastructure available to your country. Despite the great wealth and population difference, in interest of equity, all nations will be offered the same terms but may renegotiate certain aspects if they are undesirable for any reason. The goal of COFA is to create a robust defense and prosperity framework in East Asia and the Pacific, and any means allowing this prosperity to expand is seen as a positive by us.
The revised proposals for COFA are as follows:
Effectively, this transforms COFA from a small and relatively unimportant agreement into a rather large and powerful economic and political bloc in East Asia and the Pacific. Laurentian backing of COFA will minimize the chance that any member state succumbs to external influence and leaves the bloc, allowing it to present a consistent and unified front in matters of diplomacy, economy, and military. Moreover, with expanding Chinese influence and heightened aggression, this offers effectively comprehensive protection of member states and will allow for your continued independence.
Individual economic growth and sustainability plans will be bilaterally negotiated with the Philippines and Papua new Guinea to minimize the shock of rapidly implementing social services infrastructure and allow for a reduced dependence on services such as UBI, should they agree to join COFA.
As previously mentioned, all facets of the agreement should come into effect on January 1st, 2051 with the free movement agreement following the date of implementation by five years (whenever that may be).
Meta summary for whoever ends up running this NPC:
  • Mutual defense pact.
  • Further military integration.
  • Single economic bloc.
  • Expansion of social services.
  • Single foreign policy bloc.
  • Expansion of Laurentian companies into member states.
  • Free movement agreement a la Schengen Area, implemented five years after the rest of the agreements to even out wealth disparity.
submitted by -sup to worldpowers [link] [comments]


2020.11.13 04:42 Lockshala Mae' Uncle (the warden) is actually a hero and a total bro from a different perspective.

Okay, so hear me out. I'm stoned af but my friend and I have thought through this.
1) He lets his niece get closure on her breakup by letting her see Zuko, at the rist of angering the Fire Lord for harboring his fugitive son and not informing him. He literally risked his own safety to give his little girl a chance to mend her heart.
2) He was literally willing to DIE for the sake of keeping the Boiling Rock's record of zero escapes unbroken (it houses the world's toughest criminals of course it would make the people nervous to know escape was possible).
3) He forbids inter-office dating, thus making the workplace more equal and less like to encourage unwanted sexual advances
4) As for him allowing guard-on-prisoner cruelty: zuko states that this is where the worst criminals, the most dangerous people in society go. These people might not deserves a shred of humanity. We know that Sokka's dad is a known war criminal who invaded the nation in an attempt to assassinate a world leader. Suki, a highly trained warrior and ninja with a hatred for the fire nation went there. This isn't a place for people down on their luck or desperate people who broke the law to survive... this is for the most depraved and terrifying members of society! These are not generally people deserving of forgiveness.
If it weren't for being against the Avatar, the Warden would be a FUCKING ICON.
submitted by Lockshala to TheLastAirbender [link] [comments]


2020.11.12 21:48 ar_david_hh Nov/12/2020 wrap-up: \\ War in Artsakh \\ Pashinyan speech about past, present, and future \\ Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov opens the parenthesis; criticizes Armenian opposition parties; comments the agreement \\ foreign response & Artsakh's status \\ political turmoil continues \\ more...

Your 15-minute Thursday report in 3946 words.

Pashinyan' message about past, present, and future

Armenia is living in extremely difficult days. There is sorrow in the hearts of all of us, tears in our eyes, and pain in the souls. The agreement to end the war, signed on November 10, caused public despair and raised many questions, to which I am expected to answer.
Why was such an unfavorable document signed? It happened in the conditions when the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Armenia was reporting that the war should be stopped ASAP, and the Artsakh President was warning that if the hostilities continued, we could lose Stepanakert in days, in some scenarios, even in hours.
Some of you might say that if we already lost Hadrut, Shushi, we could have lost Stepanakert and not much would have changed. The reality is a little different, because if Stepanakert was lost, which, as Artsakh President Arayik Harutyunyan had already publicly confirmed would happen, then Askeran and Martakert would inevitably be lost.
In the beginning, these regions were located in the rear, quite far from the front lines, and did not have defensive structures and fortifications, and there were not enough fighting forces that could defend these areas.
This would lead to our 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7th defense zones being encircled, along with 20,000 soldiers who would either die or become POWs. Kalbajar and Qashatagh would also fall. There would be a total loss.
The most important function of the commander is to set tasks for the soldier, with a specific tactical or strategic goal. The commander sets these tasks often realizing that their implementation can lead to the death of soldiers. Being de-facto the Commander-in-Chief, I have set such tasks for the army.
But when a situation arises when a soldier can not in any way influence the further course of events, it is no longer the soldier who must die for the sake of the homeland, but the homeland must make sacrifices for the sake of the soldier.
With this in mind, I signed the infamous document. I realized that the probability of me being killed for signing it is very high but the lives of 25,000 soldiers were more important. The encircled soldiers would not have had enough force to make a breakthrough.
The decision had to be made within hours. We had no days and weeks.
Some of you are wondering why I didn't resign instead of signing it. Because that would be desertion on my part. That would mean shifting all the burden on someone else's shoulders, and today you would be calling me a hero and someone else a traitor. Also, the decision had to be made within hours.
The next question is why I didn't consult with the public before signing it. It's simple. I would have to give you the honest details and reveal all our weaknesses, while the battles continued, while the enemy was watching. That would have given them valuable info on how to encircle our troops.
Also, I promised to discuss with the public the options for the settlement of the Karabakh issue. This document does not completely end the conflict, but only a cessation of hostilities. The Karabakh issue was not resolved and is not resolved, and in this regard, there is still work to be done.
Why couldn't we prevent the war, or stop it at the initial phase, if the outcome was going to be similar? Because that would mean giving away 7 regions, including Shushi, without a fight. The second reason is we believed that by involving new military resources and hard work, we could make a breakthrough.
This is why Artsakh President and I had been making speeches with calls to enlist in the army. We had to do this in a way not to spread panic and demoralize our front line soldiers and without revealing our weaknesses to the enemy.
Everyone has done everything possible to save every inch. Our soldiers fought heroically. They fought to win and not give up. They fought against 3 armies.
Unfortunately, as Artsakh president said yesterday, we didn't help the army sufficiently. Volunteer and mobilized troops, of course with many heroic episodes, did not end up being strong enough to solve the problem. There was no other solution.
The agreement is bad for us but there is no need to make it worse. I've seen rumors about giving away Armenia's Meghri region, which is absolute nonsense. It's only about removing the transport blockade on Nakhijevan (Azerb.)
That also means we can connect Yerevan to Syunik province through Nakhijevan. We will be able to connect to Iran via railway, which will have a significant positive impact on our economy. [BTW, Turkey has already announced willingness to build a railway through Armenia to connect to Azerbaijan, so this idea looks serious.]
As for the part of Karabakh that will remain under Armenian control, we can connect to it via the Lachin corridor, including in the area near Shushi. Peacekeepers will also guarantee civilians security. It's important for refugees to return to their homes now. The government of Armenia and Artsakh will do everything to quickly recover the damage.
The issue of the final settlement of the Karabakh and the status of Artsakh is of fundamental importance. Artsakh's recognition is becoming an absolute priority and, in fact, there are more weighty arguments for the international recognition of Artsakh.
Within Armenia, we must have a stable environment. At this moment, we must ensure, first of all, that the people fully master their inalienable right to form a government, to have power. The government will not tolerate the violent provocations by the groups sponsored by the former regime. Many organizers are already under arrest. Others are in hiding.
I call on all our compatriots not to give in to provocations, and to unite around the government that is determined to help bring the country out of this situation, while guaranteeing that no one will seize power to plunder and return the country to a whirlpool of corruption.
We are reaping the bitter fruits of that robbery and corruption today. When for decades, the country's wealth had flowed into the pockets of familiar people and not to the development of the army.
Dear people, our country has a future, and we must do everything we can to make this cruel ordeal of ours an important cornerstone of that future. We as a nation will learn from the mistakes we have made.
Many will ask if we can talk about a good future after this brutal war. Yes, because there are some countries in the world today that have undergone the most brutal capitulations of the 20th century, but today are among the most powerful countries in the world.
They developed with an emphasis on education, science, industry, and democracy, and this should be our next step. And I urge all of us to focus on what we can do to strengthen our country. This will be our best service to the memory of our martyrs, our wounded and disabled servicemen and their families.
Of course, the families of the victims have to ask us a question: why did their relatives die in the end? The answer to this question is one: to save the people of Artsakh from genocide, to protect the right of the Armenian people to live. Our homage to them is the daily creative work and education that should improve our country.
Long live Freedom, Long live the Republic of Armenia, Long live the Republic of Artsakh. And long live our children who will live in a Free and Happy Armenia. I bow to our martyrs.
Video: https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1034658.html , https://news.am/arm/news/612956.html

few things from earlier

Artsakh president explained yesterday that, at some point, desertion became a big issue due to low morale among non-regular troops (volunteers, reservists, etc.) and commanders leaving their positions.
A Facebook user Arbak Akopian uploaded a video showing desertion by at least 150 soldiers. Date and location unclear. Their commander allegedly ordered them to leave.
The uploader, without evidence, claims that it's the incident when someone approached the troops and told them "the whole war was a conspiracy and Pashinyan was just giving away the lands, go home."
There was such an incident that led to one person (allegedly a friend of Vitaliy Balasanyan) being arrested. No evidence this video is related to that arrest. There are reports of low morale in the south and northern fronts. It has been reported by MoD that the battles were very heavy.
https://www.facebook.com/arbakakopyan/videos/3914220051939617/?sfnsn=wa
Chief of General Staff of Army Onik Gasparyan: PM Pashinyan signed the agreement upon my proposal after a comprehensive evaluation of the situation. The Agreement was urgently needed.
https://t.me/bagramyan26/23322
Video: Armenian soldiers and ANNA reporter providing medical aid to two Azeri captured soldiers after the ceasefire:
https://youtu.be/gKyywj_0Kwg?t=40
Video: Interview with the members of SOAD. They collected $600,000 during the charity event:
https://youtu.be/DJ3guWqDbnY
A French doctor has confirmed that an Armenian soldier suffered from burns caused by a phosphorus weapon. This is the first instance of an independent party verifying that Azerbaijan used this weapon against soldiers.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1034628.html

peacekeepers & troops in Artsakh

Russian peacekeepers will use Mi-8 and Mi-24 helicopters besides surveillance drones to monitor the activities. They were flown to Armenia with a cargo jet yesterday.
414 soldiers have been stationed so far, out of 2k. More have arrived in Armenia's Goris city for future deployment. The first troops arrived in Stepanakert today.
The troop rotation will happen at least twice a year. "They have peacekeeping experience in Syria and elsewhere."
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1034643.html , https://news.am/arm/news/612891.html , https://news.am/arm/news/612972.html
"We are in the north-eastern border. The 'Yerevan' and 'Red Berets 5165' detachments continue to stand in their positions," wrote Yerevan mayor Marutyan. The troops are waiting for peacekeepers before a withdrawal.
https://factor.am/308469.html

about the Russian helicopter shot by Azerbaijan

Azeri official: In war, as in war, anything can happen. (պատերազմում, ինչպես պատերազմում, ամեն ինչ կարող է պատահել)
Russian MFA: That's a big mistake. If we adhered to that principle, our response would have been crushing. We hope Azerbaijan won't allow itself similar ambiguous statements regarding this tragic incident anymore. Russia has accepted Azerbaijan's apology and confession. We expect a speedy investigation.
https://news.am/arm/news/613071.html

the political turmoil continues

00:35 ruling QP party about calls to cancel the Agreement: The war began due to geopolitical events, which led to the collapse of several ceasefire deals. Accepting the Agreement was the only solution to save the rest of Artsakh and thousands of lives.
The public should receive the answers to their questions, but we won't join the committee suggested by the opposition parties because that would endanger lives on front lines.
Before we discuss the topic of the legality of this Agreement, we demand that the opposition parties publicly announce that they:
1) Support the cancellation of Russian mediation.
2) Support the withdrawal of Russian peacekeepers.
3) Support the resumption of war.
After they publicly state this, the opposition must then present their ideas on how to win the war upon its resumption.
https://news.am/arm/news/612858.html
"We have nothing else to lose. We will continue this struggle until we can shed a light of hope in this darkness," said an opposition ARF member.
"We are not against peacekeepers. We come to find a way out of this situation," said another ARF member.
Other opposition parties also criticized QP's message, saying "the party is deepening the crisis by refusing to use constitutional methods [Parliamentary session to revoke Agreement] to resolve the crisis."
https://factor.am/308451.html , https://news.am/arm/news/612960.html , https://news.am/arm/news/612957.html
1:06: ARF and other allies of the former govt have urged the law enforcement to release the members who were arrested yesterday. The police had warned against organizing demonstrations during Martial Law.
Among the detained are BHK Tsarukyan, Garnik Isaghulyan, Gegham Manukyan, Davit Hambardzumyan, Arthur Vanetsyan, Edward Shawarmazanov, Ishkhan Saghatelyan, and few others.
They are told not to leave the country as part of the ongoing investigation. [meaning at least some of them will be released for now]
A new demonstration will be held today at 5 pm. The opposition believes the internet will be shut down today to stop them [later update: there were no reports of internet shutoffs].
https://factor.am/308441.html , https://news.am/arm/news/612862.html , https://factor.am/308477.html
10:09: RAK Ramkavar party once again call for the "society to avoid serious political upheavals, to refrain from unconstitutional actions, and emotional decisions."
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1034642.html
10:53: traffic jam was formed coming from Ejmiatsin and Abovyan. The police installed roadblocks on the highway with Yerevan. The opposition says it's done to suppress demonstrations.
Yesterday the police began checking vehicles to ensure weapons weren't being smuggled by those returning from Artsakh.
https://youtu.be/MVSn7vyKCKs?t=5 , https://news.am/arm/news/612932.html
11:17 MoD: the rumors of a Turkish drone flying over Yerevan yesterday were false...
Armenian and Russian air bases have closed the air for all flights except military and pre-approved Civil Aviation.
https://news.am/arm/news/612915.html
11:43 "The ruling QP party should take steps towards civic solidarity. They should appear in Parliament and take part in sessions. Right now de-facto we don't have a government," said LHK leader Marukyan. Another MP called for Pashinyan's resignation.
https://news.am/arm/news/612920.html , https://news.am/arm/news/612906.html , https://news.am/arm/news/612993.html
11:45: Artsakh's Justice Minister, from an opposition party, has resigned. The head of the Security Office followed the suit. Two other officials resigned later.
https://news.am/arm/news/612922.html ,
11:50: President Sarkissian separately met PM Pashinyan and members of various political parties.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1034649.html , https://news.am/arm/news/612984.html
12:54: opposition BHK MP has called for law enforcement bodies to disobey the govt orders. She claims the ruling party members are arming themselves and that weapons were distributed yesterday.
https://news.am/arm/news/612940.html , https://news.am/arm/news/612936.html
14:54: over a dozen people were arrested over rioting and breaking into the govt building on Tuesday. Three more arrested today over burglarizing PM's residence that day.
https://news.am/arm/news/612974.html
15:59: ARF party believes that since the transport link connecting Nakhijevan to Azerbaijan goes through Armenia, that means it needs approval by the Parliament and the Constitutional Court.
The Constitutional Court says they'll discuss issues only if someone initiates a proper legal process to submit a dispute.
https://news.am/arm/news/612991.html , https://news.am/arm/news/612969.html
16:12: a ruling QP MP threatened to retaliate "if the [former regime allies] appear in front of my house and threaten my family again. You're lucky I wasn't home."
https://news.am/arm/news/612998.html
17:00: Prime Minister's office staff will return to work tomorrow.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1034682.html
17:18: now-former acting chief of NSS Mikael Hambardzumyan, who resigned a few days ago, has urged Pashinyan to go easy on opposition members and not arrest them despite the Martial Law violations, reminding him about an internal agreement they earlier had about going easy on the opposition.
The ex-NSS chief urged the opposition to calm down, saying he knows Pashinyan and the position he was in, and that "he is an honest and patriotic person, and so is his family, and so are the people protesting on the streets."
He called for new elections that will decide whether the public agrees with Pashinyan or not.
https://news.am/arm/news/613010.html
17:30: the police found large quantities of weapons brought from Artsakh while searching vehicles on roadblocks installed in various cities.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1034684.html , https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1034709.html
18:07: the opposition parties and demonstrators are holding a rally. They marched between different buildings with different demands.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1034695.html
18:15: First president LTP spoke with Russian ambassador Kopirnik.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1034696.html
18:18: PM Pashinyan met his QP party colleagues to discuss the events before, during, and after the war.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1034698.html
19:49: Army spokesman Artsrun Huvhannisyan was having blood pressure issues on November 9th and skipped the usual 22:00 briefing. It turns out he resigned the same day.
"I was tasked with doing my part of the war, in the information field. Professional researchers will study my performance over time. No one is perfect. The information I gave to the public came from the Armenian and Artsakh armies.
Yes, I was confident that we would win, also based on the warfare led by many of my military friends. I left the position on November 9th. I will continue to work in the scientific field."
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1034702.html
20:04: Opposition parties have ended their rally. 20 participants were detained. They'll gather again tomorrow.
2 anti-opposition activists were detained for confronting the opposition officials during the demonstration.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1034703.html , https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1034705.html , https://factor.am/308854.html
20:57: opposition Arthur Vanetsyan was released from detention. He was arrested earlier for organizing a rally during the ongoing Martial/Emergency Law. He is among those who are told not to leave Armenia.
Opposition Ishkhan Saghatelyan was also released, per court ruling.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1034706.html , https://news.am/arm/news/613085.html
21:39 wounded QP MP Sasun: over 3,500 of my Yerkrapah colleagues defended the borders. Unfortunately, we have 69 deaths, 79 wounded, 2 missing, 1 POW. I bow to their mothers and thank them for raising brave men.
We are still in a war. Internal provocations will increase our losses.
I ask Artsakh residents to return to their homes and continue to build it. We have never and will never abandon our Artsakh.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1034711.html

Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov's comments about the agreement and past negotiations

The current phase of the conflict began after, for a long period, negative and emotional statements were accumulated. It would have been better if the conflict was resolved a lot sooner based on OCSE Minks Group principles.
If we went with that OCSE suggestion, that would still return 7 regions to Azerbaijan, but it would be done without shedding blood and it would be a final political solution.
At one point in the past, both sides had agreed with the measures that would establish physical safety, but more recently, the safety was questioned. There were complaints that the measures would not establish enough safety if 7 regions were returned to Azerbaijan. Both sides began making emotional and aggressive statements. Clashes began on the borders.
Karabakh's Status depends on the steps we are yet to take to restore the ethno-confessional agreement, as it was years before the 1990s war. The Status will be clarified only after it's clear what rights will past/current populations have. For now, we need to rebuild trust and inter-ethnic peace. We need to rebuild the churches and mosques and allow residents to live peacefully.
We see the demonstrations in Yerevan. We see how the opposition is trying to speculate on this situation. Undoubtedly, there are sincere people for whom it is insulting that everything ended at this stage.
It was illusions that the 7 regions of Karabakh should have remained for centuries in that state. Responsible [Armenian] governments should have explained to the public that, at some stage, the conflict was supposed to be resolved based on the documents that were on the table. These documents pave the way for security for Armenians living in Artsakh.
Of course, the removal of the transport and economic blockade on Armenia will positively affect Armenia's development. It suffered more from the blockade than its neighbors did.
This agreement restores those communication channels. The economy should get a breath of fresh air. There should be transport communication with Armenia's partners.
I'm confident that if we all follow the agreement, everyone will come out in a favorable position.
Yesterday Vladimir Putin spoke with PM Pashinyan and today with MFA Mnatsakanyan. I'm sure the Armenian govt understands the responsibility and will respect the signature in the interest of its people.
In any case, I see many political forces in Armenia who understand what is happening and draw the right conclusions from it.
There won't be Turkish peacekeepers in Karabakh. The Turkish-Russian joint monitoring center will be away from Karabakh and work remotely. They'll monitor to make sure neither side violates the ceasefire.
https://news.am/arm/news/612980.html , https://news.am/arm/news/612977.html , https://news.am/arm/news/612966.html , https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1034681.html

foreign response

Vladimir Putin's spokesman Peskov: Vladimir Putin praised the constructive approach of Tayyip Erdogan, which will resolve the disagreements. Initially, we had disagreements over the peaceful settlement of this conflict but our cooperation showed effectiveness in solving various regional problems.
https://news.am/arm/news/612953.html
US Congressman Bred Sherman: Russian-Turkish conditions aimed at ending Azerbaijan's aggression against Artsakh and Armenia are unfair. The inaction of the Trump administration has led to catastrophic consequences for the people of Armenia.
Who made this ceasefire agreement? None other than Putin and Erdogan. This is the result of the absence of US leadership. We must not stand by this catastrophic deal that has been imposed on Armenia. We should not consider it a final settlement.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1034644.html
MFA of Canada: We are working with international partners to study the terms and consequences of this agreement. We continue to support the Armenian people, with whom we have strong human ties.
We expect Azerbaijan to respect its commitments and permanently end hostilities. Turkey must refrain from participating in the conflict. All parties must negotiate a lasting and peaceful agreement within the framework of the OSCE Minsk Group Co-Chairs.
https://news.am/arm/news/612917.html
Hadrut is one of the southern cities in Artsakh captured by Azerbaijan. Hadrut refugees gathered in front of the French embassy and asked for action, reminding that France had acknowledged the presence of terrorists brought by Azerbaijan.
French embassy welcomed the gatherers, accepted their letter, and said "Our priority is to support the people who have suffered as a result of this conflict. We will take into account what French President Macron said yesterday about defending Armenia's interests."
The refugees then went to the U.S. embassy and handed over a letter that calls for the U.S. to "de-occupy Hadrut from terrorists". They'll meet ambassador Lynne Tracey.
They also went to the Russian embassy with a similar message.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1034665.html , https://news.am/arm/news/612970.html , https://news.am/arm/news/612945.html
French MP Valerie Boyer criticized the govt and accused it of being too passive throughout the war.
https://news.am/arm/news/612995.html
US Representative Frank Pallone: The International Community must finally recognize the right to self-determination for the people of Artsakh and their role as negotiators. Without that, they will continue to face future assaults by Azeri and Turkish forces without any option of formal redress.
Any future negotiated settlement supported by the U.S. must ensure the people of Artsakh can reconstruct their communities and rebuild their lives without fear of further bloodshed. The terms laid out in the current ceasefire are untenable for Artsakh's long-term security.
The ceasefire signed earlier this week regarding Nagorno Karabakh isn't a long-term peace settlement. There are many critical issues that must be resolved before this conflict can come to a lasting resolution. @StateDept must immediately reengage with @OSCE to address them.
https://twitter.com/FrankPallone/status/1326671592018104320
https://news.am/arm/news/612909.html
German BILD article: We have watched this war happen – and stood idly by
https://m.bild.de/politik/international/bild-international/paul-ronzheimer-about-karabakh-we-have-watched-this-war-happen-73872944,view=amp.bildMobile.html?__twitter_impression=true

COVID stats:

+4583 tested. +2132 infected. +1794 healed. +32 deaths. 40452 active. 453033 tested.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1034648.html

schools to resume

Education Ministry: studies show that COVID has significant negative effects on education. It leads not only to irreversible gaps in the development of children but also reduces their social protection.
University/college students will take online classes only, except for hands-on classes.
Some of 5-12 graders will attend physically, others do it online.
Preschoolers, 1-4 graders, and Arts students will attend school, because online classes create some difficulties with efficiency.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1034655.html

You can help Artsakh & Armenia

www.1000plus.am (soldiers' medical help)
www.HimnaDram.org (for Artsakh & Armenia)
www.ArmeniaFund.org (U.S. tax-deductible)
 
Prior events:
Nov 11, Nov 10, Nov 9, Nov 8, Nov 7, Nov 6, Nov 5, Nov 4, Nov 3, Nov 2, Nov 1, Oct 31, Oct 30, Oct 29, Oct 28, Oct 27, Oct 26, Oct 25, Oct 24, Oct 23, Oct 22, Oct 21, Oct 20, Oct 19, Oct 18, Oct 17, Oct 16, Oct 15, Oct 14, Oct 13, Oct 12, Oct 11 , Oct 10, Oct 9 , Oct 8, Oct 7,Oct 6, Oct 5, Oct 4, Oct 3, Oct 2, Oct 1, Sep 30, Sep 29, Sep 28, Sep 27
submitted by ar_david_hh to armenia [link] [comments]


2020.11.10 03:01 portlane Virginia Boorom (April 29, 1930 - Oct. 24, 2020)

Virginia Fiske Boorom
April 29, 1930 - Oct. 24, 2020
Virginia "Ginny" Fiske Boorom of Lake Oswego, Ore., passed away Oct. 24, 2020 from coronavirus at age 91. She was born April 30, 1929 in Oak Park, Ill., to Eunice Van Dyne Fiske and Kenneth Morton Fiske of Crystal Lake, Ill. She graduated from Northwestern University in 1950 where she was a member of Kappa Alpha Theta and Phi Sigma Iota, the national Romance language honor society. She was also a member of Northwestern University's John Evans Society. She shared a story about getting a ride from the infamous Wisconsin Senator Joe McCarthy, and noted that his car was filthy inside! After moving to Hastings-on-Hudson, New York, Ginny served Kappa Alpha Theta as State Chairman for Lower New York State, and as Alumnae Rushing Chairman for Westchester County, N.Y. Ginny was a founder and president for three years of the Hudson River Theta Club and also served as an officer of the Hastings Republican Club. She moved to Riverside, Conn., in 1964 with her husband Warren, an ABC Advertising Executive. Mrs. Boorom served for eight years as a reporter for The Village Gazette, the Greenwich, Conn., weekly newspaper, specializing in zoning, conservation, and education topics. She was a member of the Riverside Association Board of Governors from 1977 to 1981, serving as Vice President for two years. She was a member from 1982 to 1991 of the Greenwich Point Committee and served on a five member subcommittee which wrote the 1990 Greenwich Point Master Plan, now adopted by the town. Ginny moved to Oregon in her later years, and enjoyed spending time with her granddaughter, watching hummingbirds and staying up to date on current events by reading the New York Times daily and watching CNN and Oregon Public Broadcasting. She was predeceased by her son, John Boorom in 2008; her husband of 58 years, Warren Boorom in 2012; and her brother, Kenneth V. Fiske in 2017. Surviving her are her son, Kenneth; daughter-in-law, Tessa Hanover; grandchildren, Natasha and Austin; nieces, Jennifer Fiske, Diana Wilson and Nancy Readel; and her cousin, Nancy Fleming. Interment will be at Oakland Cemetery, Woodstock, Ill., at the convenience of the family. In lieu of flowers, please send donations in her name to the Natural Resources Defense Council.
Please sign the online guest book at www.oregonlive.com/obits
source: http://obits.oregonlive.com/obituaries/oregon/obituary.aspx?n=virginia-fiske-boorom&pid=197076640
submitted by portlane to deadpeoplepdx [link] [comments]


2020.11.09 08:00 autotldr Philippines to back China’s candidate for the International Court of Justice

This is the best tl;dr I could make, original reduced by 40%. (I'm a bot)
' foreign minister ordered the country's mission to the United Nations on Sunday to vote for China's candidate to fill one of the five seats at the International Court of Justice that will become vacant next year.
"You are instructed to cast the Philippine vote for the Chinese candidate to the international court of justice. That is your only clear instruction," Foreign Affairs Secretary Teodoro Locsin said on Twitter without elaborating.
The ICJ, the highest United Nations court for inter-state disputes, is composed of 15 judges elected to nine-year terms of office by the United Nations General Assembly and the Security Council.
A United Nations document dated June 29, 2020 showed the Philippines nominated another candidate Japanese Judge Yuji Iwasawa but not Xue.
The foreign ministry said the Philippines can support more than one candidate at the Nov. 11 election as there will be five vacancies.
China says the disputed waters in the South China Sea belong to China, and its actions there are lawful.
Summary Source FAQ Feedback Top keywords: China#1 candidate#2 Nations#3 Judge#4 Court#5
Post found in /worldnews.
NOTICE: This thread is for discussing the submission topic. Please do not discuss the concept of the autotldr bot here.
submitted by autotldr to autotldr [link] [comments]


2020.11.05 03:05 Seeker_Alpha1701 Attempting to suppress Kalimat Press, a Baha'i publishing company

Baha'is often whine about their fellow believers being persecuted by the Islamic authorities in Iran. Ironically, the Baha'i leadership itself has sought to suppress freedom of expression among Baha'is themselves, most notably in its shameful treatment of Kalimat Press.
Below are highlights from a series of messages, one article, and two blog entries referring to this matter.
https://bahai-library.com/kalimat_distribution_bahai_agencies
Letter from the Universal House of Justice to Kalimat, 1999
3 August 1999
Dear Bahá'í Friend,
The Universal House of Justice has reviewed the letter of 8 May 1999 to the National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of the United States, signed by you on behalf of Kalimat Press and copied for the House of Justice, on the subject of the manner in which Kalimat has promoted to Bahá'ís Juan Cole's book, Modernity and the Millennium. We have been asked to write as follows.
A good deal of the work of Kalimat Press, which you have ably directed during the twenty or so years of the firm's existence, has constituted a significant contribution to the advancement of the Cause we all love and seek to serve. It is clear, too, that, beyond the administration of Kalimat's activities, this valued contribution owes a great deal to your own creativity and professional talents. These circumstances move the House of the Justice to share with you candidly the deep concern it feels regarding your relationship with the Bahá'í Faith.

Why would a Bahá'í or a Bahá'í publisher who is genuinely devoted to advancing Bahá'í scholarship and to encouraging confirmation of believers in Bahá'u'lláh's Covenant seek to persuade his Bahá'í readers that a device intended as the mainspring of an attack on their Faith is "an indispensable book for any serious student of Bahá'í history"? How could an effort to represent to the Bahá'í community such a work as "a brilliant, scholarly analysis of the life and teachings of Bahá'u'lláh" serve the Cause of God? What moral benefit do you imagine a Bahá'í reader could conceivably derive from taking seriously the theories of an individual whose apparently ungovernable malice has made his activities the focal point of contention and disharmony among any believers unwise enough to be influenced by him?

In the past, you have expressed bewilderment that your actions should have required the intervention of senior Bahá'í institutions. The House of Justice expects that you have now understood clearly what is at stake and that you will resolve, unambiguously and at once, to abandon the course you have, alas, been pursuing.
The House of Justice will pray ardently at the Holy Threshold that you will be granted the courage and will to meet the spiritual challenge you face.
With loving Bahá'í greetings, Department of the Secretariat
______________
Letter from the National Spiritual Assembly to Kalimat, August 2005
National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of the United States
August 22, 2005
Dear Bahá'í Friend:
The National Spiritual Assembly noted in your July 13 email message conveying news of your forthcoming publications that you intend soon to distribute a reprint of Abbas Amanat's Resurrection and Renewal: The Making of the Babi Movement 1844-1850, with the addition of a new preface in which — according to your description — Mr. Amanat comments on developments in the field of Babi-Bahá'í studies since the original publication of the book in 1989.
Word has reached us from independent sources that Mr. Amanat's preface is severely critical of institutions of the Faith. Not having seen it, we have drawn no conclusions about the preface and are obviously not in a position to comment on it. We hope that Kalimat Press is exercising appropriate care in the nature of the material it propagates and is mindful of the need, especially during this critical period in the Faith's development, of safeguarding the high station and dignity of institutions that derive their being from the wellsprings of Bahá'u'lláh's mighty revelation.
We look forward to your reply.
With loving Bahá'í regards, [National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of the United States]
__________

Editor's note, 2014

Following this letter, Kalimat removed the following four titles from their website: Modernity and the Millennium by Juan Cole, Church and State by Sen McGlinn, Resurrection and Renewal by Abbas Amanat, and The Bahá'í Faith in America by Bill Garlington, as the publisher believed these were the ones the Baha’i Administration found objectionable. Those titles remain unavailable, and the publisher confirms that they have no plans to resume sale of them. [-J.W., citing personal correspondence, 2014/12/21]
____________
Open letter from the US National Spiritual Assembly, December 2005
December 29, 2005
To all Local Spiritual Assemblies
Dear Bahá'í Friends,
Enclosed [below] for your information is a copy of our letter of today’s date addressed to Kalimát Press. We ask you to comply with the decision we have made that all national and local Bahá'í agencies cease to distribute books and other items marketed by this publisher. However, you may continue to sell whatever you may have in stock until your inventories are depleted. Individuals are free, of course, to decide to purchase books from any publisher.
Our decision was regretfully reached as a result of increasing concern in recent years that a number of titles handled by Kalimát Press, aside from those which have enriched Bahá'í literature over the years, contain matter inimical to the best interests of our Faith. It is highly inappropriate for Bahá'í institutions, which are obligated to safeguard such interests, to provide channels of distribution for publishers promoting such titles.
With loving Bahá'í greetings, [National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of the United States]
________________
Letter from the National Spiritual Assembly to Kalimat, December 2005
December 29, 2005
Dear Bahá'í Friend,
We write to inform you of our decision to instruct the Bahá'í Distribution Service and all other national and local Bahá'í agencies serving our community to cease to acquire and sell any titles marketed by Kalimát Press. We have been impelled to so decide out of a serious concern that your company is increasingly offering titles that are inimical to the best interests of the Bahá'í Faith.
Yours in His service, [National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of the United States]
________________
Letter from the National Spiritual Assembly to an individual, January 2006
January 30, 2006
Dear Bahá'í Friend,
The National Spiritual Assembly has received your email messages of December 31, 2005 and January 10, 2006 and appreciates the concerns you have shared in response to its decision to cease to distribute books and other materials published, produced or marketed by Kalimát Press. First, we wish to assure you that the National Assembly has no issues with your titles ___. As you state, the manuscripts for these books were properly submitted to the National Assembly for literature review and subsequently passed.
Our decision to cease to distribute books and other items handled by Kalimát Press was reached, as indicated in our December 29, 2005 letter to all Local Spiritual Assemblies, not so much because of any specific titles but rather in light of the pattern and motives of Kalimát Press in promoting books over the years that include material that is harmful to the interests of the Bahá'í Faith. You have, in your own letter, given a good assessment of the problems inherent in such action. However, continued support of Kalimát Press under these circumstances, through distribution of its products, would be illogical and contradictory to the principles and purposes of a Bahá'í institution.
___________
Letter from an individual to the Universal House of Justice, May 2006
May 21th, 2006
Dear friends of the Universal House of Justice,
I have learned with shock and dismay about the expulsion of scholar Sen McGlinn, from Leiden, in the Netherlands, and about the boycott of Kalimat Press on the part of the National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá’ís of the United States of America.

What seriously worries me is the rather narrow conception of intellectual freedom in general, and scholarly research in particular, that Bahá í authorities have foisted upon Bahá’í men and women of learning.
That attitude is evidenced in a document issued on your behalf by the Department of the Secretariat on November 14 2005, and subsequently disseminated onto the Internet and onto official Bahá’í Bulletins such as Note Bahá’í in Italy. That paper does not mention Mr. McGlinn explicitly, but makes it easy to recognize him by quoting, out of their proper context, some sentences from the Foreword to his new book Church and State, self published in the Netherlands and distributed in the USA by Kalimat Press.

Since all the books published by Kalimat Press have passed Bahá’í Review, one must infer that the problems lie with the titles that Kalimat distributes. Among them one can’t avoid to single out Mr. McGlinn’s Church and State, professor Juan Cole’s Modernity and the Millennium, Dr. William Garlington’s The Bahá’í Faith in America: three outstanding, stimulating works that happen to apply, from different perspectives, the methods of contemporary western scholarship to the study of the Bahá’í Faith.
All three appear in Kalimat Press’ series “Studies in the Bábí and Bahá’í religions”, that has significantly raised the standards of Bahá’í scholarship, and made Bahá’í studies an acceptable subject in academic circles worldwide. This in itself is no small accomplishment, and one our Beloved Guardian would have no doubt appreciated. Labelling any of these books “inimical to the best interests of the Faith” might not only result in damaging the cultural standards of the community as a whole; it might also put at risk the teaching of the message of the Blessed Beauty to prominent and well-educated people.
Shoghi Effendi was adamant that it was our duty as Bahá’ís to contact men and women of learning, distinction and responsibility:
“The more people of capacity who accept the Faith, the higher will become the standard of the entire group. (17 June 1942, written on behalf of Shoghi Effendi)

As an Italian Bahá’í, I find it depressing to think that the precious work of our open-minded, enlightened and devoted community, that has a leading role in many progressive activities (including inter-faith dialogue, development of integration policies for destitute immigrants, and of academic programmes for the enhancement of business ethics) should be put in jeopardy by the expulsion of an honest, devout scholar in the Netherlands, or by the boycott of a distinguished independent publishing house.
Since I am a professional journalist, I have sometimes been called to lend a hand in PR work in favour of our beleaguered sisters and brothers in Iran. It is my duty to warn the Universal House of Justice, may God enlighten and protect it, that academics, politicians and prominent journalists in Italy are unlikely to give their heartfelt support to an organization that expels scholars for doing (or publishing) scholarly research.
For all the above reasons, I beseech you to reconsider your decision to expel Dr McGlinn. Please, give him back the place in the Bahá’í community that is the right of “a receptive soul who hath in this Day inhaled the fragrance of His garment and hath, with a pure heart, set his face towards the all-glorious Horizon”. Please, encourage the Bahá’ís around the world to benefit from reading, engaging, confronting his deep and honest intellectual efforts, as well as those of Kalimat Press, its owners, directors, and authors. Please, consult with the National Spiritual Assembly of the United States and urge them to remove the ban on Kalimat Press that risks strangling a meritorious publishing house.
Best regards,
______________
Response from the Universal House of Justice to the above letter, June 2006
12 June 2006

Every individual has the right to hold and express personal views. This does not mean, however, that whatever is said is consistent with the Bahá’í Teachings. Bahá’u’lláh has established the criteria for understanding and practicing His Faith, and no one who professes to be a Bahá’í can systematically propagate personal interpretations that violate these criteria.
An individual who insists upon a personal view in an effort to change the essential character of the Faith places himself outside the circle of Bahá’í belief. Concerns with Mr. McGlinn’s actions have nothing to do with his treatment of topics such as church and state; yet, the extent that he uses these themes as a vehicle to justify and broaden his presumed authority to "criticize, clarify, purify and strengthen the ideas of the Bahá’í community" cannot be ignored.
You have also inquired about the decision of the National Spiritual Assembly of the United States not to market the books of Kalimát Press through Bahá’í agencies in that country.
Individuals and institutions have not been prevented from purchasing Kalimát’s books or from keeping them in their libraries. Rather, the National Assembly has simply decided that Bahá’í agencies will not sell them.
The use of the word "boycott" in this connection misrepresents the action taken by the National Assembly. The general policy in this regard, well known to Bahá’í institutions and publishers of Bahá’í books, is that even after a text is reviewed, publishers do not have the right to expect that a National Spiritual Assembly, through its Publishing Trust or any other agency, will stock, promote or advertise the publication or offer it for sale.
With loving Bahá’í greetings, Department of the Secretariat
__________
Open letter from independent publisher Special Ideas, June 2006
Written by Justice St. Rain
Saturday, 03 June 2006
As Special Ideas celebrates its 25th anniversary, I’d like to take this opportunity to thank the pioneers of independent Bahá’í Publishing at Kalimat Press, who took the heat, took the risk, and made the sacrifices so that I — and all of you other artists, writers and musicians out there — could express ourselves freely without being told that we couldn’t or shouldn’t.
When I became a Bahá’í in 1974, there was one publisher of Bahá’í materials in the United States. One. Sure, there was George Ronald Publishing in England, but everyone knew that it was owned by a member of the Universal House of Justice, and had been started at the recommendation of Shoghi Effendi, so it was almost as official as the Publishing Trust. The idea of an individual just deciding to start publishing an entire line of Bahá’í-oriented materials was almost unthinkable. Then something amazing happened.
I was working at the Bahá’í Publishing Trust when I first heard about Kalimat Press. The children’s book The Gift had been out of print for several years, and we were struggling to finish up The Secret in the Garden when suddenly, along came — not one, not two, but FIVE new full-color children’s books priced at only $2.50 each. You remember The Black Rose, The Unfriendly Governor and The Scottish Visitor, don’t you? Chances are you either read some of these to your children, or had them read to you as a child.
Later, when Kalimat produced a line of Bahá’í greeting cards, the Trust scrambled to copy them with a line of their own. Kalimat was setting trends, raising the bar, and shaking things up. By the end of my first year at the Publishing Trust, I looked at what Kalimat Press was doing, and looked at what I was doing at the Trust, and realized that I could probably accomplish a lot more by following Kalimat’s lead and striking out on my own. I gave notice and started working on my own line of Race Unity materials. (Do you remember the “United Doves” campaign?)

Recently, there has been some confusion over a National Spiritual Assembly decision concerning Kalimat Press materials. While I don’t claim to understand the reasoning behind its decision, I can, I hope, dismiss some of the rumors that have been circulating in response to it.
First, and most important, this was a decision to discontinue distributing materials through official administrative channels. Individuals are still free to purchase and read whatever they like.
I have been told in writing that I am free to sell any and all of Kalimat’s books; that individuals are free to purchase them; and that there are no specific books that have been banned or labeled inappropriate for distribution.
Furthermore, every book Kalimat publishes has been approved for publication by the Review Office of the National Spiritual Assembly [of the Bahá'ís of the United States]. The Review Office would have halted the publication of any book it considered inaccurate, undignified or untimely.
The rumors that one of their books is written by a covenant breaker, that a book puts Bahá’ís in Iran in danger, that a book was published over the objections of the National Assembly, or that Kalimat Press disobeyed any specific directives of the National Assembly are all false. Period. Whatever specific reasons the National Assembly has for making its decision has not been communicated to Kalimat Press or to me. So I suggest that we stop making guesses about what we don’t know and start focusing on what we do know: Namely, that Kalimat Press has served the Community faithfully for a long, long time, and they deserve our gratitude and support. If you like Prayers of Ecstasy, The Diary of Juliet Thompson, The Scottish Visitor, or any one of their other wonderful publications, and would like to see more of the same in the future, then now would be a good time to say “thank you” with a purchase of a Kalimat Press book. Since you can’t get them from the BDS anymore, we will be carrying their complete line. If you don’t see it in this catalog, check on-line or give us a call. We are still getting stock in.
Justice St. Rain, publisher
_________
Open letter from the United Kingdom National Spiritual Assembly, July 2006 (published in the UK Bahá'í News Service)
National Spiritual Assembly [UK]
23 July 2006
Dearly loved Friends
The National Spiritual Assembly has taken the decision that Bahá'í Books UK and its agents will cease to distribute books and other items marketed by Kalimat Press with immediate effect.
The National Assembly's decision was reached as a result of increasing concern in recent years that a number of titles published by Kalimat Press, aside from those which have enriched Bahá'í literature over the years, contain matter inimical to the best interests of the Faith. The National Assembly believes that it would therefore be inappropriate for it, as the institution obligated to safeguard such interests in the United Kingdom, to provide channels of distribution for such material.
Bahá'í Books UK and its agents may continue, however, to sell whatever Kalimat titles remain in stock until their inventories are depleted. Further, individuals are free to decide to purchase books from other suppliers.
With loving Bahá'í greetings
National Spiritual Assembly
________________
Letter from the Universal House of Justice to an individual, 2006
24 November 2006
Dear Bahá’í Friend,
Your email letter dated 9 September 2006 has reached the Bahá’í World Centre and the Universal House of Justice has asked us to convey the following reply.
As you are an author directly affected by the recent action of the National Spiritual Assembly regarding material marketed by Kalimát Press, your concern is well appreciated.

It is very much to be regretted that well-meaning writers like yourself are caught up in this situation, and the House of Justice sympathizes with you. In your case, the featuring of your work on Alain Locke in a recent issue of World Order, a periodical sponsored by the National Spiritual Assembly, should indicate to you that your contribution to Bahá’í literature is highly regarded. The predicament in which Kalimát’s behavior has put you and other authors of the good books it publishes will no doubt be overcome with the passage of time. You have only to be wisely patient until it becomes clear what course of action you may follow.
The House of Justice appreciates the spirit in which you wrote to it and will remember you and your family in its supplications at the Holy Threshold.
With loving Bahá’í greetings, Department of the Secretariat cc: National Assembly of the United States
_____________
Letter from the Universal House of Justice to Kalimat, 2006
26 November 2006
Dear Bahá’í Friend,
Your email letter dated 5 September 2006 has reached the Universal House of Justice, which has asked us to reply as follows. The letter indicates that you have written out of a desire to resolve the difficulty for Kalimát Press arising from the recent decision of your National Spiritual Assembly that Bahá’í agencies in the United States are no longer to distribute books published or handled by the company. Your stated purpose for writing is to find a way “to restore good relations” with national communities whose National Assemblies have taken a similar decision.
The House of Justice sees that at the core of the National Assembly’s action is its concern that you have for many years pursued an ideological agenda which is at variance with the spirit and interests of the Bahá’í Faith; and Kalimát Press has been used as an instrument in its promotion. Bahá’í institutions have attempted in various ways to apprise you of this concern, but to no avail. The House of Justice understands that the National Assembly felt there was no choice but to opt for the action it took. It has not imposed administrative sanctions on you.

In our letter of 3 August 1999 addressed to you on behalf of the House of Justice, relevant issues were discussed lovingly, openly and amply, but you have until now disregarded the counsel it conveyed; and you have done so even when you were subsequently reminded of the importance of the letter’s contents. You are urged once again to consider the advice you have already received.
You may be assured that the House of Justice will supplicate on your behalf at the Holy Threshold.
With loving Bahá’í greetings, Department of the Secretariat cc: National Assembly of the United States
________
Letter from the National Spiritual Assembly to Kalimat, 2008
June 10, 2008
Dear Bahá'í Friend,
The National Spiritual Assembly received your email message of March 20, 2008, inquiring as to how Kalimát Press might go about reestablishing its business relationship with the Bahá'í Distribution Service and with other agencies of this institution. Please pardon the delay in our response, owing to the high volume of work at the National Center, which in recent months has included preparations for the 100th Bahá'í National Convention.
You have received several letters from the National Assembly and the Universal House of Justice which explain the reason for our decision in December 2005 that national and local Bahá'í agencies cease to distribute books and other items marketed by Kalimát Press. As the Supreme Body has written in its letter to you dated November 26, 2006, "you have for many years pursued an ideological agenda which is at variance with the spirit and interests of the Bahá'í Faith; and Kalimát Press has been used as an instrument in its promotion. Bahá'í institutions have attempted in various ways to apprise you of this concern, but to no avail." In spite of the ample guidance lovingly provided over the years, the National Assembly has not observed from the tone and content of your communications that you have taken to heart the counsels received thus far and that you sincerely desire to rectify the problems identified by the Faith's institutions.
The National Assembly would be interested to learn your thoughts on this matter. However, until it sees that you have understood the spirit of the concerns already expressed and demonstrate a genuine aspiration to change accordingly, the National Assembly cannot expect your future activities to differ from those of the past, and will thus have no cause to consider reestablishing its business relationship with Kalimát Press.
Please be assured of our ardent prayers in the luminous Mashriqu'l-Adhkár that the Blessed Beauty may bestow upon you His wisdom and protection.
With heartfelt Bahá'í love, National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of the United States
_____________
Letter from the Universal House of Justice to an individual, 2015
May 2015
Dear Bahá'í Friend,
Your letter dated 10 December 2014 seeking clarification regarding Kalimat Press was received by the Universal House of Justice and forwarded to our department for response. As a result of concerns that Kalimat Press was pursuing a particular editorial agenda, offering certain titles that were not in keeping with the best interests of the Faith, in 2005 the National Spiritual Assemblies of the United States and Canada asked Local Spiritual Assemblies to no longer distribute its publications. Individuals are free, of course, to decide to purchase books from any publisher.
With loving Bahá'í greetings, For Department of the Secretariat
_______________
https://dalehusband.com/2010/11/30/the-scandal-involving-kalimat-press/
(Describes the company itself and the efforts to suppress its operations.)
__________
https://dalehusband.com/2010/04/16/professor-dann-may-vs-the-american-bahai-tyranny/
RESPONSE FROM DAN MAY : (written in 2006)
To all those concerned:
Perhaps you don’t understand – we already view ourselves as no longer members of the Baha’i community and we regularly attend Unitarian and Buddhist activities.
We do not present ourselves as Baha’is and do everything we can, when people try to introduce us as Baha’is, to politely disabuse them of that perception.
We have not attended feast in over a year, or for that matter, any other official Baha’i activity.
I think that it would be best for all those concerned, that we simply be allowed to withdraw.
We are deeply disillusioned with the unofficial and official Baha’i views on the war in Iraq, with the rise of Baha’i fundamentalism and intolerance and with the growing “ghettoization” of the Baha’i community in general.
We increasingly feel unwelcome at Baha’i events where everything seems to be scrutinized by rather mindless “Ruhi Book” mentalities rather than thoughtful discussions of the Baha’i Sacred Texts.
One-size-fits-all mass theology serves to only alienate anyone and everyone who wishes to pursue spiritually inspired and independent investigations of the truth. There appears to be, these days, little room or toleration for Baha’i scholars, Baha’i scholarship, or thoughtful approaches to the Baha’i sacred texts.
We are outraged over the Kalimat Press decision! We are, therefore, increasingly embarrassed to be associated with the Baha’i community. We often hear from our colleagues in the academic world, that they too perceive the Baha’i community as increasingly becoming more and more fundamentalist, alarmist, and cultish.
________
https://web.archive.org/web/20060208160409/http://bahai-library.com/newspapers/gnosis.talisman.html
In October 1994 the electronic mail list Talisman was created by Indiana University professor John Walbridge for scholarly discussion of Baha'i history, doctrines, and current affairs. Walbridge is a specialist in Islamic philosophy, and his wife Linda, an active participant in the list, is an anthropologist specializing in contemporary Islam in the United States; she also teaches at Indiana University.
Talisman's initial core group of participants with scholarly and literary backgrounds included Juan R. I. Cole, then-director of the Center for Middle Eastern and North African Studies at the University of Michigan and now professor of history there. Two participants were publishers: Anthony Lee of Kalimat Press, a Baha'i publishing house; and Steven Scholl of White Cloud Press, publisher of the annual "Common Era: Best New Writings in Religion" and other interfaith-oriented titles.
Beginning with a dozen or so subscribers, Talisman grew in the first year to more than a hundred, most of whom were not academians. After eighteen months of existence, Talisman became the focus of a series of investigations ordered by authorities at the Baha'i World Center in Haifa, Israel.
Liberal scholars on Talisman scrutinized several aspects of current Baha'i theology and administration, including the exclusion of women from the Baha'i governing body, the Universal House of Justice, even though Baha'i claims to teach the equality of the sexes. Academians familiar with source documents debated whether or not Baha'u'llah had intended this exclusion, and advanced textual arguments in favor of reconsideration.
Another frequent bone of contention was the policy of literature review, which requires that any Baha'i who writes about the faith for any publisher submit the work for prior censorship by a "review committee" composed of the Baha'i National Spiritual Assembly in the country of publication. Scholars were particularly emphatic about wanting to abolish this policy - which had been deemed "temporary" when introduced early in this century - on the grounds that it compromises scholarly independence and integrity.
submitted by Seeker_Alpha1701 to exbahai [link] [comments]


2020.10.29 07:48 ConspiracyMeow Laid Out in the Office

There was a time in my life when I was too naive to know that some things are left better unsaid. I also mistakenly thought that my opinion could help others when the truth was that people tend to follow their passions, even to ruin. During this time I had an office friend or more of an acquaintance in which I sometimes chatted with. Keep in mind that this was all quite long ago and much of the social aspects of this as appalling as they were, might not have been too rare at the time that this happened and I did not agree with it then, as I do not agree with it now. Overall this is the reason that I stay out of people's personal relationships and refer to HR instead for inter-office conflicts. Let's begin.
It was a long winter and I was working at a call center on the night shift. My co-worker, Molly* was goofy, but not the most beautiful. Maybe it was her unkempt hair or her oily complexion, but either way, her awkward attitude made her less than desirable or so I assumed. These days Molly would have been fired for sexual harassment, but in those days when social justice was lacking, Molly would openly hit on the new guy Clark. Most of the time she laid it on him when it was the end of our shift and he needed a ride home due to his license being suspended from his multiple DUI's. I would not describe him as a very appealing type, but I wasn't the one asking him out on the car ride home every day either like Molly, so I don't know what she saw in him is my point.
Clark usually laughed off Molly, but it was not long before the laughter turned to annoyance and then to anger. He eventually stopped accepting rides home from Molly and went home with me instead. In the car ride home, he would vent to me his unhappiness that Molly did not get the hint that he wasn't interested and he often asked me to take her aside and explain to her his brushing her off was not him playing coy. I took his request to heart and made my best attempt to tell Molly that Clark was not in the space to consider a relationship with her. Molly, playing dumb, ignored all outside advice and carried on harassing Clark at any chance she could, thinking she could wear him down.
After a particularly bold attempt Molly made toward Clark on a smoke break, Clark told me in the car later that if Molly made a scene like that again, he would really embarrass her. Feeling the heat of wanting to minimize conflict, I took Molly aside again in the office at the beginning of the next shift and told her as clear as day that Clark did not like her and that she needed to stop trying to date him. I clearly explained that it would never happen between the two of them and that she had gone too far. Molly listened to me long enough to let me finish. As soon as I was done I watched her expression to see if any understanding had set in. She looked up and down and I could tell she was processing it all as much as she could. Then she stopped and looked right at me and literally set her body into a windmill like move with her fists clenched tightly as she screamed like an animal and came toward me. Surprised I went to jump back only to find the wall directly behind me and Molly closing in. I held my hands up to push her back, but she still got a few good hits in before Clark tackled her to the ground.
Today I could say that I stood up for a male colleague that was being sexually harassed in the workplace. At the time though I felt like I was the idiot that got my face busted by the ugly girl at work for not knowing to keep my mouth shut. Oh, how times have changed, obviously for the better, but nonetheless the context of this story goes from comedy when it took place to drama today. Doing the right thing is never easy and sometimes not very popular either. Have you ever stood up for someone and it took a turn toward disaster? Make a post in the Conspiracy Meow! forums to tell the world how you tried to help and what you would have done differently today.
submitted by ConspiracyMeow to ithappenedtome [link] [comments]


2020.10.22 20:13 Who-Do-You-Know WDYK - Non IT Prog Manager Investment/ Fixed income - Baltimore MD

PM for Recruiter Contact Info - Make sure to include the link so I know which one you're asking about.
Job TitleNon IT Prog Manager – Investment/ Fixed income
Job DescriptionPRINCIPAL RESPONSIBILITIES§Direct a medium to large-scale, complex project with multiple internal stakeholders.§Develop the project charter, integrated project plan, resource plan, contingency plan, and related project management artifacts.§Evaluate trade-offs between project size and complexity, cost, urgency, risk, and stakeholder value.§Validate financial forecasts and provide on-going reconciliation of resources and other related project expenditures.§Partner with business sponsors to define success metrics and criteria.§Facilitate all operational checkpoint activities throughout the lifecycle of projects.§Assess and resolve all high priority project risks as they are encountered.§Manage project according to established methodology and standards.§Continually update relevant business stakeholders of project status and periodically publish project status reports.§Represent the project in various project governance and inter-department forums.§Define and track project milestones while developing, maintaining, and reporting on an overall and integrated delivery plan.§Ensure the project meets success parameters and business objectives stated in the project charter.
Required SkillsCollege degree and 4 years of related work experience, or Associate degree and 6 years related work experience, or High School diploma/equivalent and 8 years related work experience• 8+ years Asset Management experience• Excellent verbal and written communication skills.• Excellent problem-solving skills and being able to work with people across multiple locations.• Experience of facilitating meetings with stakeholders to review and solve key issues.• Well organized and self-motivated.• Ability to work well with people with varying technical, business, and cultural backgrounds.• Experience working with senior management in formal presentations, escalations and issue resolutions.• Strong negotiation and influencing skills.• Experience with Microsoft Project, Excel, PowerPoint, and Sharepoint• Ability to translate and simplify complex business and technical concepts. Ideal Experience• 10+ years of Project Management experience• 2+ years Fixed Income project experience• Experience managing senior sponsors – 4 year minimum• Experience with Microsoft Project, Excel, PowerPoint, and Sharepoint• Technical skills – Microsoft office including Visio, PowerPoint.• Excellent presentation skills particularly to senior management.• Preparing and running steering committees.• Soft skills to motivate people and navigate a complex global working environment.• Project management certification (PMP, Prince II etc)
Work Sites:Baltimore MD
Duration6 – 12 months
Expected Start Date:Immediate
Number of Positions1


submitted by Who-Do-You-Know to whodoyouknow [link] [comments]


2020.10.20 17:55 coffeeonlyplease I am 27 years old, make $38,000 as a Library Assistant (combined $107k) and live in the Kansas City Metro.

Alternate R29 Title: A library assistant who makes $38,000 spends some of her money on canned chicken and rice.
Hi there!
This is my first money diary. I started my job in January and while I still don’t know what my forever job is, I am finally happy in my work for the first time since graduating from college. My husband and I have been married for five years, no kids yet. We have joint accounts on pretty much everything we can, so I included his spending as well. I am sorry this is so long!
Section 1 Assets
Retirement Balance: $26k including the following: $10k in an IRA from an old 401k, $3k in a Roth IRA I opened this year, $10k in my husband’s IRA, $3k in a 457 through my current job. This does not include my husband’s pension. How I got there was my first full time job was set up to automatically contribute 3% pre-tax. It sat there contributing 3% for a year before I messed with it lol. I decided to increase the amount as I got raises and was eventually doing 15% by the time I left banking at the end of 2019. I was contributing 15% to the 457 for months and throwing money in the IRA when I got the chance, but with COVID, I dropped my 457 contributions down to 6%. Come January, I will have been at my job for a year and I will start contributing 5.5% to mandatory retirement and will assess from there whether or not to play around with the percentages again.
Home Equity: $82k We owe around 91k on our house and Zillow estimates it around 193k. I’m taking $20k off of that since it requires a significant amount of work and Zillow isn’t the most accurate when it comes to appraisals. My husband bought the house five years ago before we were married and while I looked at houses with him, I was not a part of the home buying process (I was still in college and frankly had no clue about money) He put down about $7k. It was and is very much a fixer upper so we got an excellent deal for what we paid. It is our dream to build a house so while this is not our forever home, we plan to live here at least another five years if not longer.
Savings account balance: $16k. We both deposit into this account with every check and try to avoid pulling from it at all costs. Last major pull was when we put a down payment on a car in May.
Checking Account Balance: Varies but around $1500 at time of writing for our main account. We also have an account that we keep less than $500 in that my mother-in-law is also on since we are on their phone plan. She transfers $50 out of that account every month for our phones. Part of our life insurance also comes out of that account because I have been too lazy to switch it to our main account.
Other Assets:
My stock: $13k I am the only grandchild on my mom’s side. When I was born, my maternal grandmother bought utility stocks in my name. It’s unclear to me how much she bought but she passed away when I was 6. My mom was custodian on the account and she says the only time they touched it was to pay for dental work for me. (I knocked my teeth out on the gym floor in second grade and it caused a lot of dental problems for me growing up). She told me about the account when I turned 18 since I would no longer need a custodian and I have done nothing with it since.
My husband’s stock: $19k between his current and previous employers’ stock purchasing program. Also some of this is in a Robinhood account.
Credit Card Debt: $0 we pay off in full every month.
Student Loan Debt: None. My parents paid for my schooling, a fact I am thankful for every day. My husband did one year at a four year institution before switching over to community college to get an associates degree, which was paid for through the A+ program, which is a state funded program in Missouri.
Car Loan: $25k As I mentioned above, we bought a car in May. We were going to buy a new 2020 Subaru Outback, but the dealer we went to had a pre-owned one so that is the one we ended up buying. We have been planning to replace my old car for the past three years so when dealerships were running low interest specials, the timing felt right. The interest rate is less than a percent and it will be paid off in four years. I intend to drive this car until the wheels fall off.
Net Worth: $220k last checked 09/30 I check our net worth every month, the last day of the month, note any changes and try not to look at it again
Section 2: Income Progression
Mine: $911 bi-weekly after taxes, parking ($35.6), retirement ($175.40) (All numbers are split over two checks). I am having additional money withheld in my taxes (just under $250) because my husband and I always seem to end up with a large tax bill. I’m hoping this will either allow us to break even come tax time or we will end up with a huge refund and I will readjust from there.
I got married a month after graduating college so getting a job unfortunately wasn’t the highest on my priority list. I ended up working retail ($10/hr) then becoming a manager ($10.50/hr) before getting my first retail banking job making $14/hr the March after I graduated. I continued working in retail banking until December 2019 by which point I was making $17.25/hr. I then started my library job where I make $38,000 gross.
My husband: $1750 after taxes, retirement contributions (3% into his IRA), union dues, pension, etc. This varies with my husband’s schedule changing a lot more recently and with overtime (when there was overtime)
Other income: My husband is part of the executive board of his union chapter so he gets a check for $109 every meeting.
Section III Expenses
This is spending we do pretty much every month:
Mortgage: $850
Electric, Water, gas: All vary from month to month, this month $145, $85, and $35 respectively
Phone: $50
Life Insurance: $54
Auto Insurance: $221 (both our vehicles and my husband’s hobby cars we insure as well)
Car Payment : $600
Contribution to Roth IRA: I aim for $200
Food: Groceries around $350 and Eating Out around $250 though both these numbers fluctuate a lot right now.
Gas and Fuel: $200
My personal spending money: $100
Husband’s personal spending money: $100
Pets: $100
Was there an expectation for you to attend higher education? Did you participate in any form of higher education? If yes, how did you pay for it?:
I couldn’t say if there was a clear expectation- both my parents had non traditional paths to their degrees and my mom was the first in her family to go to college. I think I expected I would go to college very early on- I never considered not going. So yes there was an expectation but we were all on the same page. I will talk about how it was paid for in a later section.
Growing up, what kind of conversations did you have about money? Did your parent/guardian(s) educate you about finances?:
I wouldn’t say we had conversations about my parents’ finances but we talked about money in the abstract sense. From an early age, my parents taught me about saving at least 10% of what you earn and saving up for things you want. We never talked much about credit cards or loans other than the general advice of “Don’t rack up a ton of credit card debt.”
What was your first job and why did you get it?:
I worked at McDonald’s the summer after my freshman year of college and I also worked in my college bookstore as a temp during finals of my freshman year (I was hired on and end up working there 3 years.) I wanted to get a job but had failed thus far to get a job working in places I wanted to work so I ended up at McDonalds. (I also didn’t get my license until after my freshman year so I was a late bloomer.)
Did you worry about money growing up?:
No, I feel like my parents did a good job hiding any money worries they had from me. My mom has referenced a few different years of my early life as “bad years’ for her and my father, but money was a factor in our cross-country move. In hindsight though, I am able to see all my parents sacrificed to give me.
Do you worry about money now?:
Yes haha. I mostly worry about my husband losing his job and how that would impact us. I worry I am not saving enough and that I’m spending too much, which are really one in the same.
At what age did you become financially responsible for yourself and do you have a financial safety net?:
I did not become financially responsible for myself until I got married. Even then, I’d say I wasn’t really financially responsible for myself- my husband was financially responsible for me. It’s only in the past three years I have felt financially responsible for myself. As far as a financial safety net, we have a decent emergency fund in place. If something truly catastrophic were to happen, I do think I could move in with my parents or my aunt if I had to.
Do you or have you ever received passive or inherited income?:
My stocks, mentioned above. But also it is due to inherited income that my parents were able to pay for my college. My aunt and mother inherited my grandmother’s house and my mom sold her portion to my aunt’s then-boyfriend. That money was used in part to fund some of my college and my parents cash-flowed the rest.
Note: When I am at work or in a store, I am wearing a mask.
Day 1: Wednesday
7am Hey I woke up on time for once. I try to get up at 7 everyday because it gives me just a little free time to do something fun without so much time I feel like I need to be productive. I get up, brush teeth, take temperature, make coffee, and start my morning routine. I wash my face with Cerave Foaming Cleanser, moisturize with Cerave Daily Moisturizer and spf with Sun Bum SPF 50. I get dressed in the outfit I picked last night and have a breakfast of a maple syrup bagel with pumpkin spice cream cheese. I resist the temptation to have a muffin knowing I will have one at lunch. I also take my vitamins- a prenatal, vitamin d, and fish oil. I also spend a bit of the morning doing my fun thing, which is replaying Pokemon FireRed and pay a dentist bill for some work I had done in September. I have cavity-prone teeth so it seems like I am always getting a filling done. I try to take good care of them though- they’re the only teeth I’ve got. I also take note of what’s in my weekly Aldi ad and what I have a lot of in the fridge since I know I’m going grocery shopping tonight. $78
1pm I like to eat lunch around 1 since that is halfway through my workday. For lunch this week, I am doing a take on Budget Bytes hummus lunch box. I made hummus Sunday then I bring a sandwich thin, lettuce, cucumbers and assemble those into a sandwich. I also have some baby carrots that I dip in hummus, apple slices I do not, and a pumpkin chocolate chip muffin, which is all delicious. I also take some time to meal plan and prep my grocery list since I like to go right after work. The list is always longer than I want it to be but eating good is important to us. While eating I decide to turn away from the computer and listen to the podcast I was listening to on the way to work, Throughline from NPR.
4pm: The director of the library comes down and mentions that my boss’s birthday is this Friday (!!!) and mentions getting a cookie cake or cookies for her. I agree that’s a good idea and make a mental note to buy her a card if I see them at Aldi.
6pm: I am done with work for the day. While walking from my building to the car, I call my husband to check in and chat on our plans for the evening. Basically, what does he want for dinner and does he want to go to the grocery store. He is busy working on fixing the frame on the door that goes out the garage and lets me know he finished the window he was putting in our bedroom. He went to Home Depot and spent $99.81. He does not want to go to the grocery store with me lol so I drive from work to our local Aldi. I spend $77.61 And get coffee creamer, bagels, carrots, cilantro, black beans, chickpeas, a frozen pizza, pads, popcorn, spinach, vegetable broth, canned pumpkin, carrots, a bottle of wine, brioche rolls, frozen waffles, parmesan cheese, pickles, heavy whipping cream, chicken breast, frozen onion rings, cage free eggs, pumpkin rolls, coffee, diced tomatoes with green chiles, corn tortillas, red peppers, and pretzels. Some of these things were not on the list and it shows. It’s dark by the time I leave and I haven’t heard from him about dinner by the time I leave so I head home. $115.26
7:30pm We put all the groceries away and discuss dinner. We decide to pickup Chipotle and order ahead. We each get a burrito and a drink. $27 While driving there the VP debate starts so we listen to it on the radio on the way there and back and while we’re eating. After we’re done, we move to the living room to watch it on the tv, talking about it and other things for a long while after. I have been having a lot of feelings lately so it is mostly for me that we talk for an hour and half after the debate. Nothing gets solved really but I feel better overall. $27
11pm: I take a shower and wash my face using the same cleanser as this morning and the same moisturizer. Normally I would include some sort of treatment as well but it has gotten so late! I let the dog out before heading to bed. I got a book (Real Food for Pregnancy by Lily Nichols) from my library via Inter-Library loan so I start reading. I get through a few chapters and I’m getting the vibe that this book is going to challenge me. We will see if I keep reading it. I fall asleep after midnight.
Day 1 Total: $282.42
Day 2: Thursday
6am I am awakened to the sound of my cat throwing up. Happy happy joy joy. I try in vain to fall back asleep when he jumps on the bed. And since he cannot settle in bed, he just walks around. I decide I have lost at 6:45, get up, and do the same routine as yesterday. I have a lot of extra time this morning so I play a lot of Pokemon FireRed and really fill out my to-do list for the week. This stresses me a little since I have a lot I would like to get done and I am not doing it right now. The application for my dream job is due tomorrow morning so I really plan to get that completed today and that is my top priority. Breakfast is a bagel again but today I decide to have a muffin too.
10am I get to work and have a rough patron/coworker interaction to really spike the anxiety and start my day. I focus on breathing deeply and remind myself that this little inconsequential thing does not have to ruin my day and will not ruin my day.
12pm I decide to take a walk to lift my spirits. I still don’t know the campus super well but I play it safe since I just want to walk on auto pilot for a bit. It lifts my spirits but also makes me feel sweaty and gross.
6pm I had lunch around 1, the same as yesterday. Around 3pm I started to feel really exhausted and was struggling to push myself over the 6pm finish line. Because I could tell it was probably going to be an early night I went through my to do list and prioritize the three things I have to get done tonight: the job application, paying the water bill, and a birthday card for my boss. Looks like my husband got gas on the way to work $21.65
9pm I have leftover Thai food for dinner that is getting dangerously close to being too old to eat. I then get to work on the application. I have to film a three minute video that easily took an hour but I wanted it to be good. By the time I’m done, I’m beat. I pay the water bill ($82.42) and I pay my Victoria’s Secret Credit Card because I made a purchase last week and want to make sure I don’t miss the payment. I almost forget about the birthday card again. I am stressed and overtired at this point and frustrated that I’m stressed and overtired. I suspect I will also feel this way tomorrow so I go ahead and make a priority list for tomorrow as well. I almost talk myself out of washing my hair because I don’t have time. I do end up washing my hair thankfully because it needs it!!! I journal about my frustration with my energy and by the time I shower, take care of my dog and journal, it is nearly 11pm and I fall asleep fairly quickly. $82.42
Total Day 2: $104.07
Day 3 Friday
5am the cat wakes me up. Not today Satan. I kick him out of the room
8am I actually get up and do my same morning routine. I am feeling more well rested but still a little tired. I have a bagel and cream cheese for breakfast with a lot of coffee. As I’m leaving for work, my friend texts me about getting together tomorrow. We’ve been getting together for social distanced picnics where we basically sit in a triangle outside and talk. It’s a nice way to still get to see each other. We had discussed getting together last weekend and it just did not work.
1pm I give my boss a birthday card when I come in at 10 and she seems to really like it. I also hear from our director that she ordered a cookie cake from a cookie place nearby so to keep a look out from the delivery driver. (My building can be difficult to find.) I keep a watchful eye but eventually they find us. At lunch, I call the vet since last night I realized we were running low on my dog’s heart medication. I also realize it is the day for my dog’s monthly pill so I make a note to give him that tonight. I then have lunch the same as the previous day but no muffin because there are cookies. I have one. While I’m eating my boss sends a schedule update. I work on a small staff of four full time employees and three part time employees. One of our full time employees quit so it throws our COVID scheduling off. I read through the schedule a few times to really get a sense of it.
7pm Home and done with work. I make a frozen pizza, a habit I have picked up every Friday to ease meal planning. While it is cooking I snack on too much popcorn and sit on my computer and update my budget. I look at where my money is going much more often than every week but I try to make a point to really sit down and look at what I’ve spent every Friday. While looking at my money, I decide to spend more. There is a diner in a nearby college down that has pivoted to providing free lunches to anyone who needs them. The owner is publishing a collection of essays so I order a copy ($33.39) I also place an amazon order for my campus’s food pantry- they have an Amazon wishlist so I buy two items that are on highest priority, canned chicken and rice. ($26.88) Lastly, there is a nonprofit in town that a friend runs that’s mission I care about but I am less than great at donating towards. They provide Thanksgiving dinners in my community and I see they already have sign ups for the turkeys so I donate the amount +$10 for general use. ($30). I also make a note in my planner a month from now to donate another turkey and donate again to the food pantry. I have been coming to the realization recently that I want to be someone who donates regularly so I’m trying to do better with that.
9pm I eat and decide to have a chill night watching Gilmore Girls and drinking a glass of wine. I download Among Us on my phone and play a couple rounds. I also play some Animal Crossing.
11pm My husband comes home from work and we cuddle for a bit. I fall asleep around 1am. He got gas station food during his work day ($10.33)
Total: $100.60
Day 4 Saturday
10am I wake up later than I want to and lie in bed for a bit and play some Among Us. Eventually I get up and make coffee and my special weekend breakfast which is a breakfast sandwich consisting of a biscuit with butter, hot honey and a Morningstar sausage patty. This is a quarantine discovery and I used to eat it every day but since being back at work it's too time-consuming during the week. I also make a biscuit with butter and a local honey which is supposed to help with seasonal allergies. I realize we have checks to take the bank. While getting ready I listen to a podcast asking for support on Patreon to stay afloat. When I go to look at their page, I decide to do an annual subscription ($10.20)
11:30am I leave to run errands. I go to the first library stop of the day to return a ton of books in the book drop. From there, I go to the bank to deposit the checks. After that, I drive to my doctors office to get my flu shot. It was quick. I stop at Starbucks on the way out. I have money from a gift card I got in a blood drive and order a grande pumpkin cream cold brew. I wish I had decided to get iced coffee but I definitely didn't think through what I really wanted. From there, I go to Old Navy. I have a gift card from a weird return situation and it is burning a hole in my pocket. I've been wanting to get more masks so I pick up a 5 pack with the gift card and only pay $0.58. Then I realize I forgot to get gas! I thankfully have enough to get by. Stop by another library to pick up my holds curbside then gas ($29.50) then finally home.
2pm At home, I talk to my husband who tells me there are two rumors at work- either they are bringing 9 people back from a recent layoff or they are going to lay off another 50 people in January. Yay uncertainty!
5pm After folding some laundry, I leave the house to head to a friends place. We have been getting together for quarantine picnics where we basically sit in a triangle and talk. We were meeting at the park but have since reconvened to her driveway. While there we decide to get Panera. I have a free pick two so a sandwich,salad, drink, and chocolate croissant cost $3.69. We talk into the evening and I leave around 10.
11pm I settle in for the night with a shower, some wine and popcorn and Gilmore girls. My dog gets his meds including his monthly pill. Looks like my husband did another gas station stop and spent $5.97
Day 4 Total: $49.94
Day 5 Sunday
10am I wake up a little later than I want to and get started on my day. Breakfast is coffee and the chocolate croissant I bought at Panera yesterday. I put chicken in the slow cooker since today is a bit of a meal prep day.
12pm I get dressed. I need to order new glasses. My husband and I both got our eyes checked back in January and I have basically put off new glasses ever since. My current pair are on their last legs so it is time. I decide to try GlassesUSA and order two pairs for $84. I hope one of those pairs works. I get a small amount of cash back on this purchase from Rakuten. $84
2pm Both my husband and I go out for lunch separately, with him stopping somewhere on the way to work. I get a burger and a French fries and onion rings combo for 12.28 including a 25% tip for curbside. He goes to a burger place closer to work ($10.12) and get a drink from McDonalds for $1.09. I am not feeling super great I think due to getting a flu shot yesterday so I take it easy on the couch watching more Gilmore Girls. I also splurge on the PC version of Among Us for $4.99 No ads and better controls is worth it. $28.48
6pm I am finally motivated to do more than laze around though I am still not feeling super great. I shred the chicken from this morning and prep the components on the wraps I’m going to be eating for lunch this week. They are Sriracha Mayo Chickpea wraps from Budget Bytes I also shower and give my dog his meds. I have a slice of the pumpkin bread I made last week and it is disgusting! I am distraught.
10pm I go to bed. I still don’t feel fantastic but I hope I sleep it off.
Day 5 total: $112.48
Day 6 Monday
7am Hey I slept it off. I am feeling much better overall but wouldn’t say 100% I get up and do my weekday morning routine and have a bagel with cream cheese for breakfast. I also spend some time updating my planners moving over undone tasks from last week to this week and looking at what I’ve got going on this week. I check out bank account and realize that our gas bill came out ($32.14)
1pm For lunch, I have my wrap which includes spinach, carrots, bell pepper, and sriracha mayo chickpeas. I also have carrots and an apple and a couple of cookies my aunt made. She likes to cook and bake and will share with my parents and me. She moved to the area three years ago and after living halfway across the country from her, I love having her close by. I remember my friend sent me a free HelloFresh box over the weekend. I click on it and realize I need to use it soon so I order it for next week. I saved $68 which is less than what I spent on groceries last week but I am not sure if it will save money long term since that is $68 just for dinner. My husband went out for lunch and got Chipotle ($13.32)
6pm Done with work! Driving home I really want to stop to grab food somewhere, anywhere but I resist the temptation and have some leftover soup and tortilla chips. I do some house stuff and the regular nightly routine of showering giving my dog his meds, etc. I also finally commit and read my book, An Absolutely Remarkable Things by Hank Green. I am in bed by 10.
Day 6 Total: $45.46
Day 7 Tuesday:
7am I wake up and have the house to myself because my husband left at 5am to go fishing with his dad ($8 for a fishing permit). (They work together so their exposure is pretty overlapped as is). I enjoy having the house to myself but the pets are concerned.
12pm Pretty uneventful day so far. I have to take an early lunch because I have a class at my normal lunch time. Same lunch as previous days though I don’t get to the cookies because I’m short on time.
6pm Done with work! I am stopping at a friend’s house to give her a baby gate then head home. My commute only takes a little longer with the stop- a lot of places are between my work and home. I come home and my husband is exhausted. The starter on the boat broke so they had to paddle a boat that has no business being paddled back to shore plus the general switch up of his schedule. I have some dinner- a chicken sandwich and tater tots. He then gets up and we spend some time together before he falls back asleep. I do my normal evening routine and read in bed for awhile before eventually falling asleep.
Day 7 Total: $8
Food & Drink $161.41
Home & Health $376.37
Fun $12.99
Clothes & Beauty $0.58
Transport $51.15
Other: $100.47
Total: $702.97
Overall, I’d say this was a pretty normal week other than the donations and the glasses purchase. I did a midweek reflection and was alarmed we spend $100 per day but looking at that on a monthly scale it sounds right. We aren’t perfect by any means, but I like to think we have a good balance on spending on things we enjoy and saving for the future. Also, I wasn’t sure if I was supposed to include bills on this, so I did which is why home and health is so high.
This was fun. I will definitely be doing one again. Now just to decide if it will be when I will be working from home or if I will just do the same dates in another month.
submitted by coffeeonlyplease to MoneyDiariesACTIVE [link] [comments]


2020.10.15 23:10 Konstantin-V The Theory of "Red Fascism" (1)

There's a supposition that some countries which start as Stalinist may later morph into fascism. I won't address here the full version of the "Red fascist" theory, which claims that all "communist" (Stalinist) regimes are by definition fascist, as that's an unhistorical simplification which is tied to the simplistic theory that fascism just means authoritarianism. I won't address it with detail, but I will only say that if fascism really means simply authoritarianism, then Mussolini didn't have to call it fascism. The goal of this research is to determine the possibility of a transition from Stalinism to fascism, starting from the premise that they're not the same in all cases.
EUROPE
The USSR, 1929-1953
The first such case in both time and importance is, obviously, the state which spawned Stalinism: the USSR. To imply that Leninism is somehow fascist makes no sense, as the 1917 October Revolution was a purely leftist one, as opposed to the fascist Conservative Revolution. Lenin started a period of social progressivism, internationalism and generally reforms after he won the Civil War, which is opposed to fascism. In fact, Leninism ("Bolshevism") was a boogeyman among the European right at the time, and Italian Fascists used the "red peril" as a successful appeal to the conservative establishment.
However, after the death of Lenin, in the USSR started a power struggle which ended with the victory of the "Centrists", led by Joseph Stalin. Despite that position, they moved sharply to the right after winning. While the Right Opposition was concerned mostly with economics, Stalinists started espousing conservative positions one after another. This received the name of "Soviet Thermidor", referring to the moderate period of the French Revolution after 1795. As early as 1929, Leon Trotsky wrote that:
The expulsion of the Opposition from the Party, the arrests and the deportations constituted extremely important consecutive moments of the entire process [the Thermidor]. They signified that the Party was growing weaker and weaker and consequently that the power of resistance of the Soviet proletariat was also declining.
After the political reaction (bureaucratism) came the social reaction. Homosexuality was banned in 1934 and abortion followed two years later. The policy of korenizatsiya also was ended, which led to a surge of nationalism. As described by Trotskyist Denzil Dean Harber:
Thus, family life is being remodelled on ‘traditional’ lines; higher education is reserved for the children of the privileged strata; the army is reconstructed upon a hierarchical basis with the deliberate creation of a privileged officer caste divorced from the mass of the population; anti-religious propaganda is replaced by an alliance between the Stalinist bureaucracy and the Russian Orthodox Church.
This whole reactionary movement has been accompanied by, and, as it were, knit together by, a monstrous growth of nationalism, which now—so far as official Stalinist propaganda is concerned—equals that of any of the Imperialist states engaged in the present war.
This led to claims that there appeared, in fact, a new form of fascism. Accusations of this kind became especially common after the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact, highly exploited by liberals, but were also directed against Stalinism by far-left critics like left-communists -- most prominently Otto Ruehle -- and anarchists. However, instead of them we will turn to Nikolay Berdyaev, a Russian religious philosopher and former Legal Marxist, who, despite his background as a metaphysician, offered a relatively sane definition of fascism:
Stalin is a ruler of the Eastern Asiatic type. Stalinism, that is to say communism of the constructive period, is being imperceptibly transformed into a peculiar sort of Russian fascism. All the characteristics of fascism are inherent in it, a totalitarian state, state capitalism, nationalism, 'leaderism', and a militarized youth. -- The Origins of Russian Communism, page 146
This definition, let me repeat, is surprisingly rational as compared to the moralistic anti-statism of a Ruehle or a Voline and the clamorous conspiracy theories of some right-wing critics, yet still has its faults. First of all, the USSR wasn't state capitalist. According to James Burnham,
The term “state capitalism” seems to be due to a misunderstanding ... When the state owns only a part, and a minor part, of the economy, with the rest of the economy remaining capitalist private enterprise, we might correctly speak of ‘state capitalism’ in connection with that minor state-owned part: since, as we have seen the economy remains in its balance capitalist and even the state-owned part may be directed primarily to the benefit of the capitalist part. But the “capitalism” in “state capitalism” is derived not from the state-controlled part. When the latter disappears, or becomes negligible, then the capitalism has disappeared. There is no paradox in saying that 10 times 10% state capitalism, far from equalling 100% capitalism, equals 0% capitalism. The multiplication is of state, not of capitalism. Though the mathematics would be much more complex, it would be nearer an analogy to say that, just as 10% state capitalist economy equals only 90% capitalist economy, so 100% (or even 80% or 70%) state economy would have eliminated capitalism altogether. -- The Managerial Revolution, page 114
This is a point also made by Trotsky and others before Burnham. State capìtalism isn't when the State engages in "capitalist" exploitation, but when it intervenes to a degree in a market economy. Norway, for instance, would be a better example of state capitalism than any Stalinist regime. In other words, state capitalism is actually just a mixed economy. The other critique of state capitalism is that, even if we were to define it as a State turned basically into a corporation and exploiting workers, the USSR wouldn't be an example of such a system, as the bureaucracy didn't own the means of production privately. Trotsky speaks of an unstable bureaucracy which would like to restore bourgeois property relations, yet is unable to do so due to the pressure of the proletariat. Even if such a "state capitalist" society in this sense ever emerged, it would be a ridiculous clumsy system that wouldn't last long due to contradictions between the capitalist owners and would probably become an easy objective for a revolution of some kind, either one of producers irritated by the great inequality this would create or one of consumers protesting against such an extreme form of monopolism and cronyism.
The other problem is nationalism: we have referred in this exact work that Stalin supported nationalism instead of proletarian internationalism. However, Stalin wasn't a nationalist in the fascist sense, nor even, most likely, a sincere nationalist at all, as we shall see. In 1944, he claimed that
The strength of Soviet patriotism lies in the fact that it is based not on racial or nationalistic prejudices, but on the peoples’ profound loyalty and devotion to their Soviet Motherland, on the fraternal partnership of the working people of all the nationalities in our country. Soviet patriotism harmoniously combines the national traditions of the peoples and the common vital interests of all the working people of the Soviet Union. Far from dividing them, Soviet patriotism welds all the nations and peoples of our country into a single fraternal family.
The "elder brother" of that "family", the "leading people" were, of course, the Russians. This paternalistic form of nationalism, despite many mentions of "the working people", was very similar to the state ideology of the old Russian Empire, later continued in exile by the Eurasianists. This form of nationalism was neither revolutionary nor palingenetic (to use Roger Griffin's definition of fascism), but a way to canalise popular support for the regime, together with and partly substituting the fading façade of Marxism. Just like the entire live of the bureaucracy, it was "contradictory, equivocal and undignified", to use Trotsky's words. A proof of this would be that even pro-Soviet nationalists like Nikolai Ustryalov, the founder of the National-Bolshevik movement in Russia, or the "Left-Eurasianists" Sergei Efron and D.S. Mirsky were executed by Stalin. It is also considered that this nationalism mostly faded away after WWII, leaving the USSR above suspicion of fascism.
A possible classification of Stalinism in the USSR, which the author used to defend, is authoritarian conservatism. This term is used by many historians of fascism to refer to right-wing dictatorships similar to fascism, yet more moderate in many aspects. Ideologically, Stalinism -- especially neo-Stalinism as espoused by various conservative groups in modern Russia, among them NOD), ROS and PVO-- seems to be really similar to it, including support of conservative nationalism rather than ethnic nationalism, some Christian traditionalism, mixed economy, etc. However, it isn't correct to evaluate Stalinism from the point of view of bourgeois societies. Stalinism isn't an ideology as such, as nowhere can we find a sincere "manifesto of Stalinism" without Marxist camouflage. It works, rather, as a "parasite" on Marxism, and thus, practically, we may say that Stalinism is at all times crypto-Stalinism. This is why they deny that such a thing exists, say that Stalin just developed Marxism and Leninism, etc. In my other essays, I already pointed to many contradictions that refute this supposition, so I don't see the need of repeating it here. It will be enough to conclude that Stalinism is neither conservative nor progressive -- in the most common sense of the word -- neither right nor left and yes, non-fascist.

Yugoslavia (1945-1989)
This one would be a strange element in the list, provided that Tito's rule is often considered more benevolent than those of other leaders of the Eastern Bloc. However, Yugoslavia had a sort of mixed economy, which was called either "market socialism" or "state capitalism" (the exact difference isn't important for us here), together with a clearly authoritarian political system, though less so than many surrounding state. For some people, this alone would be enough to consider it a form of fascism. For instance, according to the veteran historian of fascism and neoconservative publicist Michael A. Ledeen ("Beijing Embraces Classical Fascism", 1/5/2008), the PRC's adherence to fascism is proved by the fact that the CPC is"keeping a firm grip on political power while permitting relatively free areas of economic enterprise". Moreover, Yugoslavia's ideology had a nationalist element in the form of Pan-Slavism, which, let us remember, was invented by nineteenth century Russian reactionary ideologues as a way to support the elites of the old Russian Empire.
Despite this, Tito was rarely accused of fascism even during the harsh debates of the Cold War, and that's for a reason. First of all, leaving aside the discussion if modern China is really fascist, this state capitalist system isn't similar to the Yugoslavian economy. China, whatever it calls itself, presently has a system of what can rightfully be called state capitalism, with the State engaging in partnership with big business in a market framework. Now, Chinese central and local SOEs account for around 40 percent of the total number of enterprises.. Thus, according to Burnham's formula, China is 40% state capitalist and 60% capitalist. On the other hand, Ernest Mandel wrote the following on Yugoslavia:
On the 21st November 1944, all the companies and wealth of the Germans and their collaborators were confiscated and from that day on the nationalizations already included 82% of Yugoslav industry.
We already see the difference in quantity, but there's also difference in quality. There were no big businessmen like Jack Ma in today's China and the companies were at least supposed to be controlled by the workers, which is distinct from both fascist corporatism and Chinese state capitalism due to the existence of capitalist bosses in the two latter systems. In conclusion, Yugoslavia wasn't state capitalist, but later a more decentralised variant of Stalinism. To quote Max Shachtman:
Stalinism in Yugoslavia differs from Stalinism in the other “people’s democracies” only in that it is in a more favorable and more advanced position...The bureaucracy, typically Stalinist, has gone some distance in this respect, primarily by statifying production, eliminating the bourgeoisie as an economic force and by super-exploitation of forced labor. But this has not brought the country or the bureaucracy very far – certainly not far enough.
As of nationalism, Yugoslav nationalism (officially called "socialist patriotism") wasn't either reactionary (like Imperial Russian Pan-Slavism) or revolutionary (like fascist nationalism), but rather a complementary source of legitimation for the bureaucracy. It should also be remarked that Yugoslavia wasn't very conservative for its time, as seen, for instance, in the fact that homosexuality was legalised in half of the republics in 1974.
Romania (1965-1989)
Nicolae Ceaușescu achieved power in Romania in 1965, succeeding Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej. Though at first a liberal leader, he returned to a tougher Stalinist course after visiting China and North Korea in 1971. His ideological innovations were seen in his speech known as the July Theses, where influences from both Juche (self-sufficiency and autarky) and Maoism (the concept of "cultural revolution", which he tried to carry out in Romania on a smaller scale) were notable. Apart from tigher censorship, natalist policies such as a ban on abortions and an ubiquitous cult of personality, he introduced an increasingly nationalist ideology, continuing Gheorghiu-Dej's efforts to create an independent socialism. Though all spheres of political life were affected (one of the official youth organisations was called Șoimii Patriei or "Falcons of the Fatherland", while immoral public behavior was called "less than patriotic"), it particularly touched that of historiography, where the old concept of "protochronism", a trend to accentuate alleged past greatness and ancient origins in the time of the Dacians, was surprisingly reintroduced, returning to late nineteenth century nationalist historiography and breaking with Marxist historical science represented by Mihail Roller -- not unlike what took place in the USSR after the death of M.N. Pokrovsky. However, national history wasn't completely cleansed of Marxism, and there were attempts to describe Romanians as a proletarian people, citing that, supposedly, in the 270s only the patricians left Roman Dacia, leaving the plebeians, from whom Romanians were thought to have descended. There also was a description of Romans as "imperialists" opposed to the Dacian "national liberation movement", inspired by twentieth century socialist rhetorics. This led to a form of proletarian nationalism which considered Romanians inherently anti-imperialist.
The issue is that this had a parallel in early fascist thought. Enrico Corradini, the head of the proto-fascist Italian Nationalist Association (ANI in Italian), outlined a theory of proletarian nationalism in "Nationalism and Proletarian Nations", an essay included in his 1914 book "Il Nazionalismo Italiano":
For the right analogy, for the sake of true effectiveness and clarity; for the sake of showing how much nationalism responds to the spirit of our time, I call proletarian those nations which, like Italy, are in a state of dependence. Thus the proletariat, according to socialism, was and is still, in a state of dependence on the bourgeois class.
And continuing by analogy, I add that the nationalism wants to be for the whole nation what socialism was for the proletariat alone. What was socialism to the proletariat ? An attempt of redemption, in part, and within the limits of the possible, successful. And what does nationalism want to be for the nation? An attempt of redemption, and God will that it succeeds fully. -- p. 34
The economist, political scientist and constitutional jurist Franz Neumann described in his great book "Behemoth" this proletarian nationalism as a variety of "social imperialism", a tool of the ruling classes to direct class struggle to outside adventures instead of against the exploiters:
The new doctrine was first fully developed by the Italian Enrico Corradini, the founder of the Nationalist party, which had the greatest influence upon Italian Fascism. The Nationalist party and its Blue Shirts were taken over en bloc by the Fascist party, which then changed its name to the National Fascist party. The Nationalists were only a small minority, but they had more highly trained men than the Fascists, and their theories were accepted by the new party. Luigi Federzoni, Alfredo Rocco, Scipio Sighele, R. Forges-Davanzati all derive from the Nationalist party. Corradini, a high-school teacher, developed the first consistent theory of a social imperialism based entirely on the incorporation of the masses. The theory is, in itself, a hodge-podge of various elements, especially of French ‘integral nationalism’ and of revolutionary, syndicalism. The argument is simple. Italy is a great proletarian country. Between Italy and the surrounding states there is the same relation as between the working classes and the satiated bourgeoisie. Italy is imprisoned in the Mediterranean without industrial resources and without a colonial empire. Her nationalism must therefore be social, and Corradini even coined the term socialismo nazionale. He went beyond the mere assertion of a need for war and for heroism. He incorporated into his own work the doctrines of Georges Sorel and transformed them into means of ensnaring the working classes. -- Part I: The Political Pattern of National Socialism , Chapter VI: The Theory of Racial Imperialism, 4: Nationalist Forerunners of Social Imperialism, pages 160-161
Thus, it isn't hard to see that Corradini meant something very different from the Romanian ideology. For him, proletarian nationalism is a metaphor, an extrapolation of social conditions to interational relations. For protochronist historians and their ideological guides, Romania was literally a nation composed primarily of proletarians in the sociological sense of the word.
Another term frequently used to refer to Ceaușescu's rule, though never used by the rulers themselves, is "National Communism". Curiously, a fascistic group called "National Communist French Party", led by former Radical François-Antoine Clementi (more known as Pierre Clementi), operated during the 1930s. It had to drop all references to communism to be allowed to function under the German occupation in 1940, after which date it extensively collaborated. However, this coincidence is fortuitous, as that party used the word to refer to the national community and was even less committed to Marxism than Stalinists.
In conclusion, we can't describe any European Stalinist regime as fascist. After some time, we will proceed to analyse various regimes in Asia, that is, China (under Mao), North Korea and Cambodia (under Pol Pot). We also may shortly discuss a number of "red-brown" parties elsewhere in another occassion.
submitted by Konstantin-V to CapitalismVSocialism [link] [comments]


2020.10.15 07:37 bessiequigley Cash App Support+1-(815)-*283-*8621-Phone Number Cash App Support Customer Care Number

Cash App Support+1-(815)-*283-*8621-Phone Number Cash App Support Customer Care Number Get the World-Class Cash App Support Support from Experts We have the top class technicians who are expert in troubleshooting and tech support. Once you dial Cash App Support Support Phone Number you will be getting solution for all your EMAIL technical glitches. Our team’s analytical thinking approach to technical errors helps them to troubleshoot all EMAIL problems. Our team keeps itself updated and gets training from time to time for the latest technologies. Our experts take care of errors like installing Cash App Support, EARTHLINK Network & Connectivity issue, Cash App Support configuration issue, EMAIL not working properly, and compatibility issues, etc. We take care of all technical issues related to Cash App Supports.
EMAIL Support Helpline Number is one of the reliable tech support providing companies across the globe. We focus on 4 major areas include: 1.Listen carefully to customer’s problems 2. Identify the EMAIL errors 3. Instant solution of common EMAIL issues 4. 24x7 availability to resolve customer’s issues Dial Cash App Support Tech Support Number USA If you are tired of contacting fake tech support services, you are now at the right place to get the solution of you Cash App Support problems. Our tech support team can give a number of reasons to grab our tech support services for you Cash App Support errors. Some of the reasons are:
1.24x7 availability of customer support team. 2. 100% satisfactory solution of all EMAIL issues. 3. Qualified and expert IT team. 4. Safe and secure remote access. All you need
Cash App Support Support Phone Number is a leading third-party EMAIL Support Service that provides excellent EMAIL services with high- quality assurance. We take complete accountability of the services provided by us and our team highly dedicate to ensure that you always receive the quality service. Our technicians are trained and are familiar with the latest technology and tech improvements, as new technical issues surface every passing day it is important to have a knowledgeable staff to handle such unexpected events. We provide high-quality training to our staff to make them ready to face the challenges. Cash App Support Tech Support Number can be reached by calling on the toll-free number . We are one of the growing third-party EMAIL support providers working 24x7 at your service. Our mission and vision are to create a hassle-free work environment for all. 1. Why does my Cash App Support say error? 2. Why my Cash App Support offline? 3. Why is my Cash App Support printing blank pages? 4. How do I reset my Cash App Support? 5. How do I find the IP address for my Cash App Support? 6. What is the phone number fo Cash App Support support? 7. How do I connect my Cash App Support support? 8. Are Cash App Supports compatible with Windows 10? 9. Where do I find my Cash App Support model number? 10. How do I reinstall my Cash App Support driver? 1. How Cash App Support Support Cash App Support customer service EARTHLINK support Cash App Support driver download Cash App Support helpline numbersupport. EARTHLINK.com Cash App Support contact number Cash App Support customer service phone number
With online Internet security customer service telephone help center helpline desk technical HelpDesk on toll-free USA CANADA to chat with live person for Refund billing and cancel my utilities clean up subscription or forgot password recovery rEARTHLINK account 24×7 hour from the makers of Spybot Search And Destroy and has quickly become a top rated online tool for protecting against viruses and malware. Cash App Support has a comprehensive family of web security software applications built by Cash App Support specifically for Apple Mac, Windows, Linux and android. It is recommended that you use this product alongside other security programs like Cash App Support and Cash App Support. contact Cash App Support Anti-virus and spyware protection are essential for your computer to run smoothly. Unfortunately, most people do not know what they are doing when it comes to their computers. Most people do not bother to update the virus definitions on their computers as well as regularly install and uninstall their computer programs. Many people use freeware and shareware programs without updating the software and end up making themselves vulnerable to computer infections. The main reason why Cash App Support has been able to gain so much popularity is because of the high quality of their products. Most people think that because Cash App Support is one of the leading anti-spyware programs available, then it will also be one of the top rated anti-virus programs. This is not necessarily true. You can get an excellent anti-virus program from many different companies, but it would always be better if you can try one out before you buy it. Cash App Support has developed a user friendly interface which makes it easy to find and remove viruses. If you download and use Cash App Support, you should make sure that you always update the virus definition on your PC. In addition to that, Cash App Support also comes with a system backup facility so that if something happens to your PC, you will still be able to restore the file. The best feature of Cash App Support Anti-Virus is its parental control feature. This feature can be very useful in case you have children around the house. This feature allows you to block the websites which contain inappropriate content or harmful downloads. You can even set the time limit for when the sites have to be blocked. and Cash App Support also has a virus and spyware removal tool that can be used on your infected PC. You can download the latest version of Cash App Support free from the official website of Cash App Support. You can also subscribe to their RSS feed, which will help you stay up-to-date with the latest news and alerts about updates on Cash App Support. Apart from anti-viruses, Cash App Support also has some other tools such as malware scanner, adware remover, EMAIL cleaner and firewall protection which you can download to your PC. Even if you only want to scan for the most common types of malicious software, Cash App Support has most of these tools included in their free version. Cash App Support works with a variety of security suites including EARTHLINK, EARTHLINK, Cash App Support, and Windows Defender. You should always ensure that you update all your security settings in order to keep your computer safe from possible infections. Cash App Support also has a free scanner application which you can use to scan your PC and download any needed updates. The registry editor of Cash App Support allows you to easily edit the settings and options within your registry, which you need in order to keep your computer running smoothly. Cash App Support also offers support in many languages such as Russian, Spanish, Chinese, and Dutch. If you are using English as your primary language, you can choose the English-US language pack which will allow you to access more options and features of Cash App Support in English. Cash App Support is not only free; you can also buy the Professional version of the EMAIL. which offers complete support and functionality. It also comes with unlimited space for saving your data. which makes it ideal for those who wish to have several anti-virus programs running at once. Cash App Support is available on various download portals and websites which offer a wide range of products. However, if you want the full version of the software, you should go directly to the official website. contact Cash App Support customer care total Internet security plus endpoint tech support phone number on 1800 1 800 tollfree. call Anti-virus customer service telephone help center helpline desk technical HelpDesk for USA CANADA to chat with live person online premium EMAIL for Refund billing and cancel my utilities clean up subscription or forgot password recovery rEARTHLINK account 24×7 hour. These are the means to introduce Cash App Support on your windows OS. In spite of the fact that the technique is simple and you can do it without the help of Cash App Support help number yet on the off chance that you are as yet confronting issues in introducing Cash App Support Desktop on windows, at that point you may contact Cash App Support support phone number. The chiefs present on Cash App Support helpline number are experts and are consistently prepared to help. The Cash App Support EMAIL customer service is all day, every day accessible for the customers to serve them in the most effective manner. You can either contact Cash App Support by phone or you can profit the advantage of Cash App Support chat support service. With the help of this Cash App Support live help, you’ll trade messages with an online specialist who is sitting just to offer overpowering Cash App Support support EMAIL service to the customers. Along these lines, you can introduce you Cash App Support Desktop on MAC OS X. The engineering of the MAC OS X working framework is entirely unexpected from the Windows working framework. The installation procedure of Cash App Support Desktop is additionally unique in both the frameworks. On the off chance that you face any issue in introducing Cash App Support Desktop on MAC OS X, at that point you can call on the Cash App Support technical support phone number. The masters accessible on the Cash App Support contact number are master in work and are consistently prepared to help you with these inquiries. So contact Cash App Support EMAIL support phone number to interface with Cash App Support help work area. On the off chance that you can’t associate with the Cash App Support contact number, at that point other than calling on the Cash App Support technical support number you can give calling a shot the toll free number accessible on this website. This toll free number later gets you the help of autonomous outside Cash App Support EMAIL arrangement service. We recommend you to generously experience the terms and strategies before calling on the outside Cash App Support support EMAIL service through our toll free number. Cash App Support mail phone numbe Cash App Support EMAIL Setup >> Procedure to create and log in an Cash App Support EMAIL Through this segment, we will direct you to make and sign in to an Cash App Support mail account. On the off chance that you are searching for the procedure to sign in and make an Cash App Support mail, at that point this segment of the article documentation will direct you. Cash App Support mail help chiefs offer the procedure rules to sign in to an Cash App Support EMAIL. In the event that the clients need to sign into the Cash App Support EMAIL, at that point they have to play out the procedure given beneath. In the event that the clients face any sort of issue while playing out the procedure, at that point they can call Cash App Support customer support phone number. Cash App Support mail customer service specialists will help them to determine their issues in a split second. Some of the EMAIL customer care will provide you the guidance over online premium EMAIL service 1800 1 800 tollfree. contact total Internet security plus endpoint tech support phone number. call Internet security customer service telephone help center helpline desk technical HelpDesk on toll-free USA CANADA to chat with live person for Refund billing and cancel my utilities clean up subscription or forgot password recovery rEARTHLINK account 24×7 hour time the clients Cash App Support to login to thei Cash App Support EMAIL account however they neglected to sign in because of some technical mistake, all things considered, the client searches fo Cash App Support helpline number to profit the advantage of overpowering customer service.a KARISH NAI LEBEN
Cash App Support+1-(80O)-*624-*4503-Phone Numbe Cash App Support Customer Care Phone Contact Cash App Support online Cash App Support extender modem wifi tech support phone number will fix problems of setup wizard via technical care center, who help you with customer service for password reset pa Cash App Support . Contact desk helpline helpdesk over firewall 1800 1800 Toll-free Tollfree telephone or Chat with an a Cash App Support ent line live person 24x7 hours for USA CANADA troubleshootin Cash App Support settin Cash App Support issues in hour busines info for advanced pro services if how to not workin Cash App Support . customer care total Internet security plus endpoint tech support phone number on 1800 1 800 tollfree. call Anti-virus customer service telephone help center helpline desk technical HelpDesk for USA CANADA to chat with live person online premium email for Refund billin Cash App Support and cancel my utilities clean up subscription or fo Cash App Support ot password recovery reset account 24×7 hour. Cash App Support can be downloaded for free from the Internet and it was released fo Cash App Support eneral use by users in 1998. It was desi Cash App Support ned as a cleaner and defra Cash App Support menter for all versions of Windows. Cash App Support was updated to have improved security and performance features in 2020. In April 2020, Cash App Support announced they would not continue the development of Cash App Support . In this article, we will take a look at some of its features that you should know about.
Cash App Support is one of the best-known for Customer Service care on 1800 1888 Support Phone Number. Call to Contact 800 telephone Help Desk Helpline center Representative for Mail, webmail technical Live Chat USA CANADA FOR forgot password recovery Cash App Support 24x7 hours. And best-known service providers today and people have been very reliant on it. Recently this service was taken over by AT & T. If you need to sign in to you Cash App Support account or have forgotten your password, you must visit the official website of Cash App Support. in some cases you can call ou Cash App Support support phone number to recover you Cash App Support account, also.
With online Internet security customer service telephone help center helpline desk technical HelpDesk on toll-free USA CANADA to chat with live person for Refund billing and cancel my utilities clean up subscription or forgot password recovery rEARTHLINK account 24×7 hour from the makers of Spybot Search And Destroy and has quickly become a top rated online tool for protecting against viruses and malware. Cash App Support has a comprehensive family of web security software applications built by Cash App Support specifically for Apple Mac, Windows, Linux and android. It is recommended that you use this product alongside other security programs like Cash App Support and Cash App Support. contact Cash App Support Anti-virus and spyware protection are essential for your computer to run smoothly. Unfortunately, most people do not know what they are doing when it comes to their computers. Most people do not bother to update the virus definitions on their computers as well as regularly install and uninstall their computer programs. Many people use freeware and shareware programs without updating the software and end up making themselves vulnerable to computer infections. The main reason why Cash App Support has been able to gain so much popularity is because of the high quality of their products. Most people think that because Cash App Support is one of the leading anti-spyware programs available, then it will also be one of the top rated anti-virus programs. This is not necessarily true. You can get an excellent anti-virus program from many different companies, but it would always be better if you can try one out before you buy it. Cash App Support has developed a user friendly interface which makes it easy to find and remove viruses. If you download and use Cash App Support, you should make sure that you always update the virus definition on your PC. In addition to that, Cash App Support also comes with a system backup facility so that if something happens to your PC, you will still be able to restore the file. The best feature of Cash App Support Anti-Virus is its parental control feature. This feature can be very useful in case you have children around the house. This feature allows you to block the websites which contain inappropriate content or harmful downloads. You can even set the time limit for when the sites have to be blocked. and Cash App Support also has a virus and spyware removal tool that can be used on your infected PC. You can download the latest version of Cash App Support free from the official website of Cash App Support. You can also subscribe to their RSS feed, which will help you stay up-to-date with the latest news and alerts about updates on Cash App Support. Apart from anti-viruses, Cash App Support also has some other tools such as malware scanner, adware remover, EMAIL cleaner and firewall protection which you can download to your PC. Even if you only want to scan for the most common types of malicious software, Cash App Support has most of these tools included in their free version. Cash App Support works with a variety of security suites including EARTHLINK, EARTHLINK, Cash App Support, and Windows Defender. You should always ensure that you update all your security settings in order to keep your computer safe from possible infections. Cash App Support also has a free scanner application which you can use to scan your PC and download any needed updates. The registry editor of Cash App Support allows you to easily edit the settings and options within your registry, which you need in order to keep your computer running smoothly. Cash App Support also offers support in many languages such as Russian, Spanish, Chinese, and Dutch. If you are using English as your primary language, you can choose the English-US language pack which will allow you to access more options and features of Cash App Support in English. Cash App Support is not only free; you can also buy the Professional version of the EMAIL. which offers complete support and functionality. It also comes with unlimited space for saving your data. which makes it ideal for those who wish to have several anti-virus programs running at once. Cash App Support is available on various download portals and websites which offer a wide range of products. However, if you want the full version of the software, you should go directly to the official website. contact Cash App Support customer care total Internet security plus endpoint tech support phone number on 1800 1 800 tollfree. call Anti-virus customer service telephone help center helpline desk technical HelpDesk for USA CANADA to chat with live person online premium EMAIL for Refund billing and cancel my utilities clean up subscription or forgot password recovery rEARTHLINK account 24×7 hour. These are the means to introduce Cash App Support on your windows OS. In spite of the fact that the technique is simple and you can do it without the help of Cash App Support help number yet on the off chance that you are as yet confronting issues in introducing Cash App Support Desktop on windows, at that point you may contact Cash App Support support phone number. The chiefs present on Cash App Support helpline number are experts and are consistently prepared to help. The Cash App Support EMAIL customer service is all day, every day accessible for the customers to serve them in the most effective manner. You can either contact Cash App Support by phone or you can profit the advantage of Cash App Support chat support service. With the help of this Cash App Support live help, you’ll trade messages with an online specialist who is sitting just to offer overpowering Cash App Support support EMAIL service to the customers. Along these lines, you can introduce you Cash App Support Desktop on MAC OS X. The engineering of the MAC OS X working framework is entirely unexpected from the Windows working framework. The installation procedure of Cash App Support Desktop is additionally unique in both the frameworks. On the off chance that you face any issue in introducing Cash App Support Desktop on MAC OS X, at that point you can call on the Cash App Support technical support phone number. The masters accessible on the Cash App Support contact number are master in work and are consistently prepared to help you with these inquiries. So contact Cash App Support EMAIL support phone number to interface with Cash App Support help work area. On the off chance that you can’t associate with the Cash App Support contact number, at that point other than calling on the Cash App Support technical support number you can give calling a shot the toll free number accessible on this website. This toll free number later gets you the help of autonomous outside Cash App Support EMAIL arrangement service. We recommend you to generously experience the terms and strategies before calling on the outside Cash App Support support EMAIL service through our toll free number. Cash App Support mail phone numbe Cash App Support EMAIL Setup >> Procedure to create and log in an Cash App Support EMAIL Through this segment, we will direct you to make and sign in to an Cash App Support mail account. On the off chance that you are searching for the procedure to sign in and make an Cash App Support mail, at that point this segment of the article documentation will direct you. Cash App Support mail help chiefs offer the procedure rules to sign in to an Cash App Support EMAIL. In the event that the clients need to sign into the Cash App Support EMAIL, at that point they have to play out the procedure given beneath. In the event that the clients face any sort of issue while playing out the procedure, at that point they can call Cash App Support customer support phone number. Cash App Support mail customer service specialists will help them to determine their issues in a split second. Some of the EMAIL customer care will provide you the guidance over online premium EMAIL service 1800 1 800 tollfree. contact total Internet security plus endpoint tech support phone number. call Internet security customer service telephone help center helpline desk technical HelpDesk on toll-free USA CANADA to chat with live person for Refund billing and cancel my utilities clean up subscription or forgot password recovery rEARTHLINK account 24×7 hour time the clients Cash App Support to login to thei Cash App Support EMAIL account however they neglected to sign in because of some technical mistake, all things considered, the client searches fo Cash App Support helpline number to profit the advantage of overpowering customer service.a KARISH NAI LEBEN
Like other providers, Cash App Support provides a simple process for Cash App Support Routerting or changing the password. Here are some steps and instructions that may help you access your account again. You can also contact the Cash App Support support number where the technical experts are available. Customer services are available 24/7 and you can call it anytime.
Steps to Recover the Cash App Support Account Are:
By Answering Security Questions
• You need to go to AT & T's official website and go directly to the password recovery page.
• Then you need to search for a checkbox named "Password". You must enter your registered address and then enter your name.
• In the restore section, you need to choose the "I'll answer my security question" option.
• Answer the selected secret question and continue.
• If your data matches the previously mentioned data, you can create a new password.
• Enter a strong password and you will be notified with a password Cash App Support confirmation.
• Cash App Support Digital Life
• Cash App Support tech support
• Cash App Support customer service
• Cash App Support customer support
• Cash App Support not printing
• Cash App Support not scaning
• Cash App Support is offline
• Cash App Support printhead error
• Cash App Support going offline
• Cash App Support scanner error
• Cash App Support not scanning
• Cash App Support wireless driver
• Cricket Wireless
• Otter Media
• DirecTV
• Cash App Support Mobility
• SKY Brasil Services Ltda.
Major Services of Cash App Support Router: this world’s largest telecommunications company offers numerous great services, some of which are highlighted below:
Wireless Communications
Digital entertainment
Internet interactive game playing
Rendering internet services
Digital video services
Local and long distance telephone services
Sales of telecommunications equipment
Home and office network management
Wholesale of services and products
Mobile share plans
Equipment instalment programs: allowing users to upgrade their handset to a greater version.
Roaming network services
Creating internal data networks
High-speed internet usage
External data network assessment
Transferring of data other users or multiple lines
Providing business voice applications
Provides complex global data networks
Enables inter-office electronic communications
Support for network designing
Network management of varying scales
Enabling database applications: e-mail, order entry systems, employees directories and human resources transactions
Intrastate, interstate and international wholesale networking capacity to other service providers
Voice and data services
Availability of postpaid or prepaid pricing plans
It offers consulting and advertising services
Allows unused data plans to be rolled over to the next month
Wi-Fi services
Supports for travelling abroad
And other lots of great services offered by its various services.
Cash App Support Customer Service Full Contact Details
Cash App Support is one of the best-known for Customer Service care on 1800 1888 Tech Support Phone Number. Call to Contact 800 telephone Help Desk Helpline center Representative for Mail, webmail technical Live Chat USA CANADA FOR forgot password recovery Cash App Support 24x7 hours. Now, if you are interested in utilizing any of the Cash App Support goods and services stated above, you will need to get more details of its products through the Cash App Support customer service agents or Or are you a customer already with some issues regarding making payments, usage checking, getting your balance, upgrading your wireless devices, or having any other queries, complaints and suggestions? Then you will have to make use of our listed contacts details of the Cash App Support customer service support. Look through carefully so that you will know which of the right number to call for your specific requirement.
So contact Cash App Support email uphold telephone number to interface with Cash App Support help work zone. In case you can't connect with the Cash App Support contact number, by then other than approaching the Cash App Support specialized help number you can offer considering a chance the arrangement establishment number available on this site. Ordinance Account to get administration. Out of Warranty – If you are outside of your guarantee period, you do fit the bill for a substitution through the EARTHLINK Upgrade Program. Kindly contact our Sales gathering to ask about your redesign choices. Standard EMAIL is extraordinary compared to other known for Customer Service care on Tech Support Phone Number. Call to Contact 800 phone Help Desk Helpline focus Representative for Mail, webmail specialized Live Chat USA CANADA FOR overlooked secret key recuperation Cash App Support 24x7 hours.
support service Cash App Support, Cash App Support usa technical support, Cash App Support customer care phone number, Cash App Support support online chat, contact Cash App Support tech support, Cash App Support support center, EARTHLINK pixma EMAIL technical support, EARTHLINK usa EMAIL support
With online Internet security customer service telephone help center helpline desk technical HelpDesk on toll-free USA CANADA to chat with live person for Refund billing and cancel my utilities clean up subscription or forgot password recovery rEARTHLINK account 24×7 hour from the makers of Spybot Search And Destroy and has quickly become a top rated online tool for protecting against viruses and malware. Cash App Support has a comprehensive family of web security software applications built by Cash App Support specifically for Apple Mac, Windows, Linux and android. It is recommended that you use this product alongside other security programs like Cash App Support and Cash App Support. contact Cash App Support Anti-virus and spyware protection are essential for your computer to run smoothly. Unfortunately, most people do not know what they are doing when it comes to their computers. Most people do not bother to update the virus definitions on their computers as well as regularly install and uninstall their computer programs. Many people use freeware and shareware programs without updating the software and end up making themselves vulnerable to computer infections. The main reason why Cash App Support has been able to gain so much popularity is because of the high quality of their products. Most people think that because Cash App Support is one of the leading anti-spyware programs available, then it will also be one of the top rated anti-virus programs. This is not necessarily true. You can get an excellent anti-virus program from many different companies, but it would always be better if you can try one out before you buy it. Cash App Support has developed a user friendly interface which makes it easy to find and remove viruses. If you download and use Cash App Support, you should make sure that you always update the virus definition on your PC. In addition to that, Cash App Support also comes with a system backup facility so that if something happens to your PC, you will still be able to restore the file. The best feature of Cash App Support Anti-Virus is its parental control feature. This feature can be very useful in case you have children around the house. This feature allows you to block the websites which contain inappropriate content or harmful downloads. You can even set the time limit for when the sites have to be blocked. and Cash App Support also has a virus and spyware removal tool that can be used on your infected PC. You can download the latest version of Cash App Support free from the official website of Cash App Support. You can also subscribe to their RSS feed, which will help you stay up-to-date with the latest news and alerts about updates on Cash App Support. Apart from anti-viruses, Cash App Support also has some other tools such as malware scanner, adware remover, EMAIL cleaner and firewall protection which you can download to your PC. Even if you only want to scan for the most common types of malicious software, Cash App Support has most of these tools included in their free version. Cash App Support works with a variety of security suites including EARTHLINK, EARTHLINK, Cash App Support, and Windows Defender. You should always ensure that you update all your security settings in order to keep your computer safe from possible infections. Cash App Support also has a free scanner application which you can use to scan your PC and download any needed updates. The registry editor of Cash App Support allows you to easily edit the settings and options within your registry, which you need in order to keep your computer running smoothly. Cash App Support also offers support in many languages such as Russian, Spanish, Chinese, and Dutch. If you are using English as your primary language, you can choose the English-US language pack which will allow you to access more options and features of Cash App Support in English. Cash App Support is not only free; you can also buy the Professional version of the EMAIL. which offers complete support and functionality. It also comes with unlimited space for saving your data. which makes it ideal for those who wish to have several anti-virus programs running at once. Cash App Support is available on various download portals and websites which offer a wide range of products. However, if you want the full version of the software, you should go directly to the official website. contact Cash App Support customer care total Internet security plus endpoint tech support phone number on 1800 1 800 tollfree. call Anti-virus customer service telephone help center helpline desk technical HelpDesk for USA CANADA to chat with live person online premium EMAIL for Refund billing and cancel my utilities clean up subscription or forgot password recovery rEARTHLINK account 24×7 hour. These are the means to introduce Cash App Support on your windows OS. In spite of the fact that the technique is simple and you can do it without the help of Cash App Support help number yet on the off chance that you are as yet confronting issues in introducing Cash App Support Desktop on windows, at that point you may contact Cash App Support support phone number. The chiefs present on Cash App Support helpline number are experts and are consistently prepared to help. The Cash App Support EMAIL customer service is all day, every day accessible for the customers to serve them in the most effective manner. You can either contact Cash App Support by phone or you can profit the advantage of Cash App Support chat support service. With the help of this Cash App Support live help, you’ll trade messages with an online specialist who is sitting just to offer overpowering Cash App Support support EMAIL service to the customers. Along these lines, you can introduce you Cash App Support Desktop on MAC OS X. The engineering of the MAC OS X working framework is entirely unexpected from the Windows working framework. The installation procedure of Cash App Support Desktop is additionally unique in both the frameworks. On the off chance that you face any issue in introducing Cash App Support Desktop on MAC OS X, at that point you can call on the Cash App Support technical support phone number. The masters accessible on the Cash App Support contact number are master in work and are consistently prepared to help you with these inquiries. So contact Cash App Support EMAIL support phone number to interface with Cash App Support help work area. On the off chance that you can’t associate with the Cash App Support contact number, at that point other than calling on the Cash App Support technical support number you can give calling a shot the toll free number accessible on this website. This toll free number later gets you the help of autonomous outside Cash App Support EMAIL arrangement service. We recommend you to generously experience the terms and strategies before calling on the outside Cash App Support support EMAIL service through our toll free number. Cash App Support mail phone numbe Cash App Support EMAIL Setup >> Procedure to create and log in an Cash App Support EMAIL Through this segment, we will direct you to make and sign in to an Cash App Support mail account. On the off chance that you are searching for the procedure to sign in and make an Cash App Support mail, at that point this segment of the article documentation will direct you. Cash App Support mail help chiefs offer the procedure rules to sign in to an Cash App Support EMAIL. In the event that the clients need to sign into the Cash App Support EMAIL, at that point they have to play out the procedure given beneath. In the event that the clients face any sort of issue while playing out the procedure, at that point they can call Cash App Support customer support phone number. Cash App Support mail customer service specialists will help them to determine their issues in a split second. Some of the EMAIL customer care will provide you the guidance over online premium EMAIL service 1800 1 800 tollfree. contact total Internet security plus endpoint tech support phone number. call Internet security customer service telephone help center helpline desk technical HelpDesk on toll-free USA CANADA to chat with live person for Refund billing and cancel my utilities clean up subscription or forgot password recovery rEARTHLINK account 24×7 hour time the clients Cash App Support to login to thei Cash App Support EMAIL account however they neglected to sign in because of some technical mistake, all things considered, the client searches fo Cash App Support helpline number to profit the advantage of overpowering customer service.a KARISH NAI LEBEN
submitted by bessiequigley to u/bessiequigley [link] [comments]


2020.10.14 13:38 caamito Company Registration in Pune Company Registration Consultants in Pune

Company Registration in Pune Company Registration Consultants in Pune
Start-ups are small business started by one person or a group of people that offers unique products and services. The idea behind any start-up is innovations that develop or enhance a product or service. The start-up culture is getting popular in India and there is a lot of demand for start-up registration in Pune, Mumbai, Bangalore, and many other cities. To promote this trend the Government of India has introduced the ‘Start-up India Action Plan.’ This program’s aim is to recognize and encourage the evolving start-ups in India. A company is recognized as a star-up up to seven years from the date of incorporation and which has a turnover of fewer than 25 crores. Every start-up should register for DIPP with 21 days of eligibility.

The company registration process in India can be completed in 10 – 15 working days. Company registration is free for first-time entrepreneurs. CA Amit Kasat’s Firm is a top-rated legal consultant for company registration in Pune, Bangalore, Mumbai, and all over India. After registration, we also assist you with tax filing, secretarial and legal services required for your PLC in India. If you are looking to build a business in India, Pune is a place you should consider with utmost importance. Once you have come up with a business idea and decided to start a business you will need to follow some procedures to register a company in India.

Contact Us now and see your dreams come to reality with us.

CAamitokasat is one essay platform for Company Registration in Pune. Contact us for Company Registration Formation Consultants in Pune


Key Points:

Department of industrial policy and promotion (DIPP) looks after the grant of start-ups.
The Inter-ministerial board of certification regularizes the tax benefits.
Registered partnerships also considered as start-ups if it falls under other eligibility criteria and can claim tax benefits.
A company can avail of tax benefits only for three years.
Start-up has a leverage of self-compliance under labor and environmental laws and it will be free from inspection for three years.
The start-up annoyed rebate of 80% in the patent application fee so it has to bear only statutory fees.

Documents Required for Company Registration in Pune
Every Director must have PAN Card (if digital Signature is to be obtained for in the name of the said Director) issued by the Income Tax department.
One identity proof in his/her name.
One address proof in his/her name.
Two passport size photographs of each Director are required.
Clear Scanned copies of proofs and photos are preferred.
Minimum Requirement for Company Registration in Pune
A minimum of 2 Directors are required (maximum 15) and one should be a resident of India.
A Minimum of 2 Shareholders are required for a maximum of 200 Shareholders
Any amount of capital but Govt. Fees to be paid for a minimum of shares worth Rs.1 Lakh (Authorized Capital Fee)
An Indian address is required for the registered office
DSC (Digital Signature Certificate) for all administrators.
Companies cannot accept deposits from the public and also cannot issue shares to the public.
Address and Identity proof mandatory for Directors. PAN card is also mandatory for all Indian nationals.

Advantages of Company Registration
Limited Liability
High Borrowing Power
Multiple Association’s
Long Time Existence
Tax Saving
Minimum Requirement of Directors
Separate Entity
Transfer Friendly
Ease of Raising Funds
Owning Property
We have been working in this field for years and know the complexities and challenges faced by you. Legal barriers faced in terms of registrations and filings shifts your focus, we are here to help you out with all the legal dealings and compliances with an experienced team of experts, with timely services and assurance.
What are you waiting for? Get associated with the most trustworthy and renowned firm in Pune backed by a team of experts who will guide you and help you throughout your journey.

JOIN IN NOW!! FOR HASSLE-FREE REGISTRATION PROCESS & CONTINUES LEGAL GUIDANCE JUST ONE CALL AWAY!!
submitted by caamito to u/caamito [link] [comments]


2020.10.08 18:16 JBL_0 B.C. - The sicarios of La Paz and Los Cabos

B.C. - The sicarios of La Paz and Los Cabos
The Cell of "El 40" has armed assassins - already located by military intelligence - in Santiago, municipality of Los Cabos, La Paz and Dimas, Sinaloa. "They are currently on the Most Wanted list," a federal intelligence source told ZETA.
https://preview.redd.it/mgaj4jsnbwr51.jpg?width=750&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=63a4a9f35d1be67f9aa184110beefd2c0ef8f37b

Tuesday, October 6, 2020 01:00 PM
The Security Table has established new priority targets: it is the head of the hitmen of La Paz and Los Cabos, identified as Jesús Manuel Sarabia de la Rosa "El Chuy" or "El 40", who has become one of the targets main for the security forces.
The authorities managed to fully identify him, as well as his assassins, his armed wing Jesús Ricardo Rodríguez Cordero “El Pantera” and the gunman José Aram Rocha Galván, locating them at a home in Dimas, Sinaloa.
“They are currently on the Most Wanted list, they have operated in the last two years and the structure was compromised a year and a half ago, when a male in the Agustín Olachea neighborhood was deprived of liberty, hence the importance of reporting , the family denounced the incident and it was possible to verify the participation of hitmen who operate in La Paz and the northern area of ​​Los Cabos, ”revealed a federal intelligence source.
When Raúl de Jesús Zamarrón García left his home in La Paz on March 26, 2019, three hit men were waiting for him, they put him in a car and left for an unknown destination; the victim was never heard from.
His relatives filed a complaint for disappearance, and in the investigations, federal intelligence was able to identify the captors, all belonging to a criminal cell with operations in La Paz and Los Cabos.
The Cell of "El 40" has armed hitmen - already located by military intelligence - in Santiago, Los Cabos municipality, La Paz and in Dimas, Sinaloa.
“The integration of the criminal cell was fully identified as of December 2019, the collaboration of the local authorities and the Sinaloa Prosecutor's Office was requested, since the three hitmen, two participants and the intellectual, are in hiding. First in Culiacán, from where they fled, they currently reside in Dimas, Sinaloa. Once the identification has been established, the information has been sent to the security corporations of that state, ”says the federal source.
Under criminal case J1324 / 2019, the investigation folder LPZ / 2212/2019 was opened for the crime of disappearance of people committed by individuals to the detriment of Raúl de Jesús Zamarrón García, who until now is officially missing and is even in the list of people not located by the people search groups.
On December 27, 2019, Baja California Sur authorities requested the inter-institutional work between the Armed Forces, the Attorney General's Office of the State of Sinaloa and the Office of the Attorney General of the Republic (FGR).
“On the day of Zamarrón García's disappearance, 'El Pantera' and 'El José' participated as co-perpetrators of the incident, while the mastermind was 'El 40', instructed the hitmen to arrest him and took him to an unknown destination. Relatives are desperate, it will be a very important factor to achieve their arrest and bring them to justice, so that somehow the family can find the victim. In the event that he has been deprived of life, in addition to the disappearance, we would be providing evidence about the homicide, ”the military source indicated.
At the time of his disappearance, Zamarrón was wearing gray shorts, a black shirt and black and gray tennis shoes. He has a white complexion, honey-colored eyes and has a tattoo with the legend "Made in Mexico" on his chest, another with the figure of a car on his back and the Virgin on his left arm.
Any piece of information is of vital importance to his family, who, a year and a half after the events, still hope to find it.
"EL 40" AND "EL LUCAS" IN BCS
According to military sources, as the presumed leader of the La Paz plaza, they identify a person with the nickname "El Lucas", who would be behind the rescue of two hitmen who escaped from the Salvatierra Hospital in May 2020.
The hit men Jesús Raúl Medrano Franco and Pedro Lugo de la Rosa and / or Efraín Gastélum and an unidentified third party were sent to pick up Edgar Armando Rodríguez Zumaya. The hitmen entered a home located on Calle Uno and Palo del Arco in the community of El Centenario, municipality of La Paz, at dawn on May 21.
“They enter by breaking down the gate, they break the glass of the front door and three hitmen enter the house, they ask his parents about the victim, while one of the hitmen stays with the parents, two of them go after the young man, who he fled from the back, three shots are heard, apparently Rodríguez Zumaya was armed and that stopped the hit men. A fleeing, the three hitmen up to the truck type van black color and go after him , "the source refers.
In the revolt and persecution, two of the three hitmen were injured by firearms, as well as the victim of a pick-up. Edgar Armando arrived aboard a red Nissan March at Fidepaz Medical Center with a reserved prognosis, since the car had more than eight firearm holes.
Two of the three hit men were injured and treated at the Salvatierra Hospital: Jesús Raúl Medrano Franco, 26, with an abdominal wound; and Pedro Lugo de la Rosa and / or Efraín Gastélum with injuries to his face, shoulder and back. Interned with life-threatening injuries, on May 23, shortly before the State Attorney General's Office (PGJE) executed an arrest warrant under folder LPZ / 6/2020, they were rescued.
"El Lucas", in the process of identification, would be linked to a process for crimes such as disappearance of people, homicide, organized crime and carrying a weapon, in addition to being the intellectual author of the escape of two hitmen from the Hospital Salvatierra, "information that little was made known, but it is registered in the investigation, " the member of the Security Table belonging to the federal forces told ZETA .
According to data collected by intelligence agents, the rescue of the hit men was ordered because Pedro Lugo de la Rosa and / or Efraín Gastélum turned out to be the brother of "El 40". However, about two weeks after the “ rescue ” of the hospital, the uprising of the hit man Jesús Raúl Medrano Franco was reported in the community of Santiago, Los Cabos municipality. His captors left him bound hands and feet with serious injuries at Kilometer 197 of the La Paz-Los Cabos road section, between the Calafia neighborhood and the San Pedro community in La Paz.
Upon making it available, it was medically assessed, establishing the following:
* Life-threatening injuries that take more than 125 days to heal. * Abdominal wound with a 14-centimeter opening. * Probable complications: abscess, sepsis and death.
The hit man was in hiding in Santiago, a community apparently controlled by a relative of "El 40", who provided protection.
"Marcos Arellano Sarabia, apparently a relative of 'El 40', is known as 'El Chelo' or 'El Padrino', he moves between La Paz and Santiago and is the alleged leader of the Santiago community in Los Cabos, in charge of of criminal operations in Los Cabos for drug trafficking, routes and disappearance of rival groups. It is coordinated with the brother-in-law of 'El 40' with the nickname 'El Chon ”, the military source added.
THEY IDENTIFY "EL 40", "EL PAULINO" AND / OR "EL NARIZÓN"
One of the most dangerous hit men in the era of Abel Nahúm Quintero Manjarrez or Cruz Alonso Lozoya Uriarte “El Grande” -currently detained- and a member of criminal cells that generated violence as of 2014 in La Paz, is Paulino de Jesús Lucerpo Ortiz and / or Luis Uriel Geraldo Geraldo "El 40", "El Paulino" and / or "El Narizón".
He was listed as one of the most dangerous hitmen,
He participated in one of the most violent shootings in the heart of the city on November 1, 2014, when the first confrontation in Ignacio Ramírez between Legaspy and Márquez de León, in the State Capital. The bodies of three hit men, in addition to "El Paulino" with multiple injuries, were left at the site.
The PGJE confirmed the participation of Paulino de Jesús, who was charged with the murder of José Ángel González Portillo “El 27”, the latter participated in at least a dozen homicides, including the attack of July 31, 2014, date in that violence broke out in BCS.
“They executed an arrest warrant issued by the Second First Instance Judge of the criminal branch against who said his name was Paulino de Jesús Lucero Ortiz, for his probable responsibility in the crime of qualified homicide committed to the detriment of whoever was named José Ángel in life González Portillo, events that occurred on Saturday, November 1, in the streets of Ignacio Ramírez and Legaspy, where two more people died. Due to the above, the probable person in charge was interned in the Center for Social Reintegration ”, the institution reported.
Miraculously, the hit man was released. He was initially apprehended for the murder of "El 27" in November 2014 and was released in February 2018. He is currently wanted for aggravated kidnapping committed in 2019, according to criminal case J922 / 2019.
Jesús Raúl Medrano Franco, 26 , an El 40 hitman and currently detained after finding him seriously injured on the side of the road
The background of this hit man is listed below:
* Under the name of Luis Uriel Geraldo, he was arrested on May 15, 2012 on Sinaloa and Marcelo Rubio streets in the Pueblo Nuevo neighborhood in La Paz; he had cocaine and marijuana wrappers with him. * Captured in March 2013 in possession of drugs. * Another arrest in November 2014, after participating in the shooting and execution of three hitmen.
After his arrest before Table II of the Second Criminal Court of First Instance, "El Paulino" denied having murdered "El 27" and declared:
"I did not kill José Ángel González Portillo, nor did I declare what he just read to me, he was sedated by the medications they gave me for the wounds he presented and I could not have declared that."
Reason that perhaps led the dangerous hit man to leave the La Paz prison and is currently taking refuge in Ensenada, Baja California, according to information from Federal authorities.
This is how this group of hit men with operations in La Paz and Los Cabos evades the action of justice, while military intelligence places them as the Most Wanted by the Government of the State of Baja California Sur.
submitted by JBL_0 to NarcoFootage [link] [comments]